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New sensors for quantitative measurement of mitochondrial Zn(2+).


ABSTRACT: Zinc (Zn(2+)) homeostasis plays a vital role in cell function, and the dysregulation of intracellular Zn(2+) is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. Few tools exist to quantitatively monitor the buffered, free Zn(2+) concentration in mitochondria of living cells ([Zn(2+)](mito)). We have validated three high dynamic range, ratiometric, genetically encoded, fluorescent Zn(2+) sensors that we have successfully used to precisely measure and monitor [Zn(2+)](mito) in several cell types. Using one of these sensors, called mito-ZapCY1, we report observations that free Zn(2+) is buffered at concentrations about 3 orders of magnitude lower in mitochondria than in the cytosol and that HeLa cells expressing mito-ZapCY1 have an average [Zn(2+)](mito) of 0.14 pM, which differs significantly from other cell types. These optimized mitochondrial Zn(2+) sensors could improve our understanding of the relationship between Zn(2+) homeostasis and mitochondrial function.

SUBMITTER: Park JG 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3477250 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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