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Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications.


ABSTRACT: A detailed review of all 2,047 biomedical and life-science research articles indexed by PubMed as retracted on May 3, 2012 revealed that only 21.3% of retractions were attributable to error. In contrast, 67.4% of retractions were attributable to misconduct, including fraud or suspected fraud (43.4%), duplicate publication (14.2%), and plagiarism (9.8%). Incomplete, uninformative or misleading retraction announcements have led to a previous underestimation of the role of fraud in the ongoing retraction epidemic. The percentage of scientific articles retracted because of fraud has increased ?10-fold since 1975. Retractions exhibit distinctive temporal and geographic patterns that may reveal underlying causes.

SUBMITTER: Fang FC 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3479492 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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