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Synthesis of binucleating macrocycles and their nickel(II) hydroxo- and cyano-bridged complexes with divalent ions: anatomical variation of ligand features.

ABSTRACT: The planar NNN-pincer complexes [M(II)(pyN(2)(Me2))(OH)](1-) (M(II) = Ni, Cu) fix CO(2) in ?(1)-OCO(2)H complexes; results for the copper system are described. Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), and Zn(II) behave differently, forming [M(II)(pyN(2)(Me2))(2)](2-) with N(4)O(2) coordination. Incorporation of the Ni(II) pincer into binucleating macrocycle 2 containing a triamino M(II) locus connected by two 1,3-biphenylene groups affords proximal Ni(II) and M(II) sites for investigation of the synthesis, structure, and reactivity of Ni-X-M bridge units. This ligand structure is taken as a reference for variations in M(II) atoms and binding sites and bridges X = OH(-) and CN(-) to produce additional members of the macrocyclic family with improved properties. Macrocycle 2 with a 22-membered ring is shown to bind M(II) = Mn, Fe, and Cu with hydroxo bridges. Introduction of the 4-Bu(i)O group (macrocycle 3) improves the solubility of neutral complexes such as those with Ni(II)-OH-Cu(II) and Ni(II)-CN-Fe(II) bridges. Syntheses of macrocycle 5 with a 7-Me-[12]aneSN(3) and macrocycle 6 with a 1,8-Me(2)-[14]aneN(4) M(II) binding site are described together with hydoxo-bridged Ni/Cu and cyano-bridged Ni/Fe complexes. This work was motivated by the presence of a Ni···(HO)-Fe bridge grouping in a reactive state of carbon monoxide dehydrogenase. Attempted decrease in Ni-(OH)-M distances (3.70-3.87 Å) to smaller values observed in the enzyme by use of macrocycle 4 having 1,2-biphenylene connectors led to a mononuclear octahedral Ni(II) complex. Bridge structural units are summarized, and the structures of 14 macrocyclic complexes including 8 with bridges are described.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3483644 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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