Dataset Information


System response of metabolic networks in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to total available ammonium.

ABSTRACT: Drastic alterations in macronutrients are known to cause large changes in biochemistry and gene expression in the photosynthetic alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. However, metabolomic and proteomic responses to subtle reductions in macronutrients have not yet been studied. When ammonium levels were reduced by 25-100% compared with control cultures, ammonium uptake and growth rates were not affected at 25% or 50% nitrogen-reduction for 28 h. However, primary metabolism and enzyme expression showed remarkable changes at acute conditions (4 h and 10 h after ammonium reduction) compared with chronic conditions (18 h and 28 h time points). Responses of 145 identified metabolites were quantified using gas chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry; 495 proteins (including 187 enzymes) were monitored using liquid chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry with label-free spectral counting. Stress response and carbon assimilation processes (Calvin cycle, acetate uptake and chlorophyll biosynthesis) were altered first, in addition to increase in enzyme contents for lipid biosynthesis and accumulation of short chain free fatty acids. Nitrogen/carbon balance metabolism was found changed only under chronic conditions, for example in the citric acid cycle and amino acid metabolism. Metabolism in Chlamydomonas readily responds to total available media nitrogen with temporal increases in short-chain free fatty acids and turnover of internal proteins, long before nitrogen resources are depleted.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3494149 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2015-06-17 | PXD002377 | Pride
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5809890 | BioStudies
2014-01-01 | S-EPMC4073136 | BioStudies
2015-06-29 | MTBLS208 | MetaboLights
1000-01-01 | S-EPMC3910977 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC6999713 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC5003941 | BioStudies
2014-01-01 | S-EPMC3913442 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6480359 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5390395 | BioStudies