Dataset Information


A cell permeable NPE caged ADP-ribose for studying TRPM2.

ABSTRACT: Transient potential receptor melastatin-2 (TRPM2) is a non-selective Ca(2+)-permeable cation channel of the TRPM channel subfamily and is mainly activated by intracellular adenosine diphosphate ribose (ADPR). Here we synthesized a 1-(2-nitrophenyl)ethyl caged ADPR (NPE-ADPR) and found that uncaging of NPE-ADPR efficiently stimulated Ca(2+), Mg(2+), and Zn(2+) influx in a concentration-dependent manner in intact human Jurkat T-lymphocytes. The cation influx was inhibited by inhibitors or knockdown of TRPM2. Likewise, uncaging of NPE-ADPR markedly induced cation entry in HEK 293 cells that overexpress TRPM2. As expected, high temperature increased the ability of the photolyzed NPE-ADPR to induce cation entry, whereas acidic pH inhibited. Moreover, the absence of extracellular Ca(2+) significantly inhibited Mg(2+) and Zn(2+) influx after uncaging NPE-ADPR. On the other hand, the absence of extracellular Na(+) or Mg(2+) had no effect on photolyzed NPE-ADPR induced Ca(2+) entry. Taken together, our results indicated that NPE-ADPR is a cell permeable ADPR analogue that is useful for studying TRPM2-mediated cation entry in intact cells.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3517590 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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