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Polyclonal CD4+Foxp3+ Treg cells induce TGF?-dependent tolerogenic dendritic cells that suppress the murine lupus-like syndrome.

ABSTRACT: Interplay between Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) and dendritic cells (DCs) maintains immunologic tolerance, but the effects of each cell on the other are not well understood. We report that polyclonal CD4(+)Foxp3(+) Treg cells induced ex vivo with transforming growth factor beta (TGF?) (iTreg) suppress a lupus-like chronic graft-versus-host disease by preventing the expansion of immunogenic DCs and inducing protective DCs that generate additional recipient CD4(+)Foxp3(+) cells. The protective effects of the transferred iTreg cells required both interleukin (IL)-10 and TGF?, but the tolerogenic effects of the iTreg on DCs, and the immunosuppressive effects of these DCs were exclusively TGF?-dependent. The iTreg were unable to tolerize Tgfbr2-deficient DCs. These results support the essential role of DCs in 'infectious tolerance' and emphasize the central role of TGF? in protective iTreg/DC interactions in vivo.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3523557 | BioStudies | 2012-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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