Genome sequence of the halotolerant bacterium Corynebacterium halotolerans type strain YIM 70093(T) (= DSM 44683(T)).
ABSTRACT: Corynebacterium halotolerans Chen et al. 2004 is a member of the genus Corynebacterium which contains Gram-positive bacteria with a high G+C content. C. halotolerans, isolated from a saline soil, belongs to the non-lipophilic, non-pathogenic corynebacteria. It displays a high tolerance to salts (up to 25%) and is related to the pathogenic corynebacteria C. freneyi and C. xerosis. As this is a type strain in a subgroup of Corynebacterium without complete genome sequences, this project describing the 3.14 Mbp long chromosome and the 86.2 kbp plasmid pCha1 with their 2,865 protein-coding and 65 RNA genes will aid the Genomic Encyclopedia ofBacteria andArchaea project.
Project description:Corynebacterium maris Coryn-1(T) Ben-Dov et al. 2009 is a member of the genus Corynebacterium which contains Gram-positive, non-spore forming bacteria with a high G+C content. C. maris was isolated from the mucus of the Scleractinian coral Fungia granulosa and belongs to the aerobic and non-haemolytic corynebacteria. It displays tolerance to salts (up to 10%) and is related to the soil bacterium Corynebacterium halotolerans. As this is a type strain in a subgroup of Corynebacterium without complete genome sequences, this project, describing the 2.78 Mbp long chromosome and the 45.97 kbp plasmid pCmaris1, with their 2,584 protein-coding and 67 RNA genes, will aid the G enomic E ncyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.
Project description:Jiangella gansuensis strain YIM 002T is the type strain of the type species of the genus Jiangella, which is at the present time composed of five species, and was isolated from desert soil sample in Gansu Province (China). The five strains of this genus are clustered in a monophyletic group when closer actinobacterial genera are used to infer a 16S rRNA gene sequence phylogeny. The study of this genome is part of the GenomicEncyclopedia ofBacteria andArchaea project, and here we describe the complete genome sequence and annotation of this taxon. The genome of J. gansuensis strain YIM 002T contains a single scaffold of size 5,585,780 bp, which involves 149 pseudogenes, 4905 protein-coding genes and 50 RNA genes, including 2520 hypothetical proteins and 4 rRNA genes. From the investigation of genome sizes of Jiangella species, J. gansuensis shows a smaller size, which indicates this strain might have discarded too much genetic information to adapt to desert environment. Seven new compounds from this bacterium have recently been described; however, its potential should be higher, as secondary metabolite gene cluster analysis predicted 60 gene clusters, including the potential to produce the pristinamycin.
Project description:Aminomonas paucivorans Baena et al. 1999 is the type species of the genus Aminomonas, which belongs to the family Synergistaceae. The species is of interest because it is an asaccharolytic chemoorganotrophic bacterium which ferments quite a number of amino acids. This is the first finished genome sequence (with one gap in a rDNA region) of a member of the genus Aminomonas and the third sequence from the family Synergistaceae. The 2,630,120 bp long genome with its 2,433 protein-coding and 61 RNA genes is a part of the GenomicEncyclopedia ofBacteria andArchaea project.
Project description:Sulfobacillus acidophilus Norris et al. 1996 is a member of the genus Sulfobacillus which comprises five species of the order Clostridiales. Sulfobacillus species are of interest for comparison to other sulfur and iron oxidizers and also have biomining applications. This is the first completed genome sequence of a type strain of the genus Sulfobacillus, and the second published genome of a member of the species S. acidophilus. The genome, which consists of one chromosome and one plasmid with a total size of 3,557,831 bp harbors 3,626 protein-coding and 69 RNA genes, and is a part of the GenomicEncyclopedia ofBacteria andArchaea project.
Project description:Niabella soli Weon et al. 2008 is a member of the Chitinophagaceae, a family within the class Sphingobacteriia that is poorly characterized at the genome level, thus far. N. soli strain JS13-8(T) is of interest for its ability to produce a variety of glycosyl hydrolases. The genome of N. soli strain JS13-8(T) is only the second genome sequence of a type strain from the family Chitinophagaceae to be published, and the first one from the genus Niabella. Here we describe the features of this organism, together with the complete genome sequence and annotation. The 4,697,343 bp long chromosome with its 3,931 protein-coding and 49 RNA genes is a part of the Genomic Encyclopedia ofBacteria andArchaea project.
Project description:We detected Corynebacterium spp. in raw milk samples of three farms by means of a selective, tellurite-containing medium. The isolated strains were identified based on full 16S rRNA gene sequences and partial rpoB gene sequences as C. xerosis, C. variabile, C. lactis, C. callunae, C. confusum, C. glutamicum and C. crudilactis. The identification based on 16S rRNA and rpoB sequences was not reliable for isolates of C. xerosis. Chemotaxonomic markers of the isolates, fatty acids, acyl type of peptidoglycan, presence and length of mycolic acids, quinone patterns, and polar lipids, were in accord with the known characteristics of these species. Biochemical profiles, analyzed with the API Coryne system, were able to differentiate all groups, but were unable to identify the strains due to an inappropriate database for raw-milk associated corynebacteria. Most of the tested isolates showed a single-substance resistance against oxacillin, but three single isolates were classified as multidrug resistant.
Project description:Corynebacterium terpenotabidum Takeuchi et. al 1999 is a member of the genus Corynebacterium, which contains Gram-positive and non-spore forming bacteria with a high G+C content. C. terpenotabidum was isolated from soil based on its ability to degrade squalene and belongs to the aerobic and non-hemolytic Corynebacteria. It displays tolerance to salts (up to 8%) and is related to Corynebacterium variabile involved in cheese ripening. As this is a type strain of Corynebacterium, this project describing the 2.75 Mbp long chromosome with its 2,369 protein-coding and 72 RNA genes will aid the G enomic E ncyclopedia of Bacteria and Archaea project.
Project description:Pelagibacterium halotolerans B2(T) is a marine halotolerant bacterium that was isolated from a seawater sample collected from the East China Sea. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of the type strain P. halotolerans B2(T), which consists of one chromosome (3,944,837 bp; 61.4% G+C content) and one plasmid (4,050 bp; 56.1% G+C content). This is the first complete genome of a member of the Pelagibacterium genus.
Project description:Manganese (Mn) is toxic at higher concentrations requiring its removal before returning the wastewater to the environment. This article reported the Mn removal of two fungi strains isolated from mine wastewater. ITS rRNA region sequencing identified the fungi strains as Cladosporium halotolerans and Hypocrea jecorina.?Mn2+ removal assays were performed in Sabouraud broth with 50?mg?L-1?Mn2+ supplemented and bioleaching assays using MnO2 instead of MnSO4 at the same conditions. C. halotolerans removed 96 % of 50?mg?L-1?Mn2+ at two weeks without MnO2 bioleaching with 649.9?mg of biomass and H. jecorina removed about 50 % of Mn2+ in 21 days from initial 50?mg of Mn2+ L-1 with 316.8?mg of biomass. Extracellular laccases were present in C. halotolerans agar regardless of the Mn addition. Mn adsorbed was detected on C. halotolerans hyphae. Mn oxidation was positive to H. jecorina by reaction of its medium with Leucoberbelin blue.