Association between the rs2910164 polymorphism in pre-Mir-146a sequence and thyroid carcinogenesis.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Rs2910164, a Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located in the precursor microRNA sequence of miR-146a, is the only MicroRNA sequence SNP studied in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). Association studies had been performed in US and UK-Northern European populations, but results were inconsistence. This study evaluated the association between rs2910164 and the risk of PTC as well as benign thyroid tumor (BN), and examined the clinicopathological characteristics of PTC and BN for different genotypes. METHODS: This case-control study genotyped rs2910164 in 753 PTCs, 484 BNs and 760 controls in a Chinese Han population. Clinicopathological and genetic data were collected and compared. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to calculate adjusted odds ratios (ORs). RESULTS: There were no differences in rs2910164 genotype distributions between the three groups. PTC cases with three genotypes (CC, CG, GG) had similar clinicopathological characteristics except the existence of "para-cancer" BN (PTC/BN, P?=?0.006). PTC/BN patients were older (P?=?0.009), and had smaller cancer lesions (P<0.001), lower serum thyrotropin levels (1.82±1.42 vs. 2.21±1.74, P?=?0.04), and lower rates of level VI lymph node metastasis (20.8% vs. 52.7%, P<0.001) and lateral neck lymph node metastasis (11.5% vs. 23.0%, P?=?0.011) compared with PTC only. Then we supposed a possible progression from BN to PTC which may involve rs2910164 in and performed a multivariate logistic regression analysis of PTC/BN and BN cases to determine risk factors of this progression. Results showed that the rs2910164 GG homozygote (OR?=?2.25, 95% CI 1.22-4.14, P?=?0.01) was the only risk factor in this study. CONCLUSION: Rs2910164 was not associated with increased risk of PTC and BN in Chinese patients, but may play a latent role in the transformation from BN to PTC.
Project description:The incidence rate of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has increased over the past decades, but the pathogenesis remains unclear. rs2910164, located in pre-miR-146a, has been studied in PTCs with different ethnicity, but the results were inconsistent. Here we evaluate the association between rs2910164 polymorphism and PTC and investigate the effect of this polymorphism on patients' clinicopathological characteristics. 1238 PTC patients and 1275 controls, all Han population, from Northern China, were included in our study. rs2910164 was genotyped using Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Analysis of inheritance model was performed using the SNPStats program. Strength of association was assessed by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Overall, no statistical difference in rs2910164 genotype distribution and allelic frequencies between cases and controls was found, and patients with different genotypes had similar clinicopathological characteristics in terms of stage, location, concurrent of benign thyroid tumor, and thyroiditis, while, as the number of G alleles increased, proportion of patients aged ?45 years and those without metastasis increased (P trend < 0.001 and P trend = 0.003, resp.). However, no association remained significant after Bonferroni correction under any model of inheritance. Our results suggest no association between rs2910164 polymorphism with PTC and patients' clinicopathological characteristics.
Project description:Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) superfamily with well-described functions in bone formation. Although disrupted BMP signaling in tumor development has been investigated, a genetic association for BMP3 in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) has remained largely unexplored. In this study, we investigated whether BMP3 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with the development of PTC and its clinicopathological features. A total of 103 PTC patients and 324 control subjects were enrolled. One promoter SNP (rs13138132; -1919C/A) and one missense mutation (rs3733549; Arg192Gln) in BMP3 were genotyped by direct sequencing. SNPStats, SNPAnalyzer, Helixtree and Haploview version 4.2 were used to evaluate the genetic data. Multiple logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and P-values. The missense SNP (rs3733549) was weakly associated with the development of PTC in a codominant model (AA vs. GG; P=0.017) and a recessive model (AA vs. GG/GA; P=0.023). Additionally, in an analysis according to clinicopathological features, rs13138132 was significantly associated with extra-thyroidal invasion in a codominant model (CA vs. CC; P=0.006) and a dominant model (CA/AA vs. CC; P=0.0023). We also identified that the frequency of the A allele in the promoter SNP (rs13138132) was increased in PTC patients with extrathyroidal invasion (P=0.004). Our data suggest that rs3733549 in BMP3 is associated with the development of PTC and that the A allele of rs13138932 in BMP3 is a risk factor for extrathyroidal invasion.
Project description:OBJECTIVES:Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common subtype of thyroid cancer, which accounts for 80-90% of all thyroid cancer cases. Though the pathological mechanism hasn't been fully understood, it is reported that both environmental and genetic factor may contribute to the PTC susceptibility. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules which function as the suppressors to participate in a variety of biological processes. Accumulating evidence suggests that polymorphisms of miRNAs were associated with the tumorigenesis of various cancers, including PTC. In this article, we focus on the association between four common microRNA polymorphisms (miR-146a, miR-608, miR-933, and miR-149) and PTC risk in a Han Chinese population. METHODS:In this case-control study, we recruited 1,398 participants in total, including 369 PTC patients, 278 patients with thyroid benign nodules (BN) and 751 normal controls. The miRNAs polymorphisms were genotyped and analyzed by using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The odd ratios and their 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated to evaluate the association between miRNAs polymorphisms and PTC risk. Furthermore, a meta-analysis based on previous studies was conducted to comprehensively assess the diagnostic performance of miR-146a in the PTC diagnosis. RESULTS:The miR-146a polymorphisms were shown to be significantly correlated with elevated risk of PTC under the heterozygous, homozygous, dominant and allelic models by comparing the genotype distribution between PTC cases and healthy controls, as well as between PTC cases and BN cases. However, the result of meta-analysis showed no significant association between miR-146a polymorphisms and PTC risk. CONCLUSIONS:Our study indicated that the miR-146a polymorphism was significantly associated with PTC risk. In contrast, meta-analysis revealed no evidence of association between miR-146a variants and PTC risk. Further studies are required to elucidate the role of miR-146a in the etiology of PTC.
Project description:Molecular epidemiological studies have showed a closer association between microRNA polymorphisms with and head and neck cancer (HNC) risk. But the results of these studies were inconsistent. We performed this meta-analysis to clarify the associations between microRNA polymorphisms and HNC risk. Four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, CNKI, and Wanfang) were searched. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CIs) were calculated to assess the association between microRNA-146a rs2910164 G > C, microRNA-196a2 rs11614913 C > T, microRNA-149 rs2292832 C > T, microRNA-499 rs3746444 A > G polymorphisms and HNC risk. Heterogeneity, publication bias and sensitivity analysis were conducted to guarantee the statistical power. Overall, 11 selected articles involving 16100 subjects were included in this meta-analysis. Significantly increased risk between microRNA-146a rs2910164 G > C polymorphism and HNC risk were observed in Caucasian population (GC vs. GG: OR = 1.31, 95%CI = 1.01-1.68; GC + CC vs. GG: OR = 1.26, 95%CI = 1.02-1.57). For microRNA-196a2 rs11614913 C > T, similarly increased risk were also found in Asian population (T vs. C, OR = 1.14, 95%CI = 1.04-1.25; TT vs. CC, OR = 1.33, 95%CI = 1.09-1.61; CT + TT vs. CC OR = 1.32, 95%CI = 0.99-1.76; TT vs. CC + CT, OR = 1.14, 95%CI = 0.99-1.33). In addition, no significant association was detected between microRNA-149 rs2292832 C > T and microRNA-499 rs3746444 A > G polymorphism and HNC risk. This meta-analysis demonstrates that microRNA polymorphisms are associated with HNC development based on ethnicity diversity.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that single nucleotide polymorphism located in pre-miRNA or mature microRNA may modify various biological processes and affect the processing of carcinogenesis. Published results about the association between miR-146a rs2910164 G/C polymorphism and human gastric cancer susceptibility are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to acquire a more precise effect of the association between the miR-146a rs2910164 polymorphism and gastric risk by meta-analysis. METHODS: Eligible genetic association studies were searched from PubMed, Web of Knowledge and Chinese Biomedicine Database on human subject. Quantitative data synthesis was conducted for the associations of miR-146a rs2910164 G/C polymorphism with susceptibility to gastric cancer. RESULTS: Nine eligible studies that included a total of 3,885 gastric cancer patients and 5,396 controls were identified in the present meta-analysis. The overall OR indicated a potential association between rs2910164 polymorphism and GC but the effect was not statistically significant (GG vs. CG/CC: OR = 1.076, 95% CI 0.925-1.251, P = 0.342). When stratifying for population, the result showed that miR-146a rs2910164 GG genotype was associated with increased gastric cancer risk among Chinese in recessive model (GG vs. CG/CC: OR = 1.171, 95% CI 1.050-1.306, P = 0.005). Besides, no significant difference was found in gender, smoking, location, metastasis of lymph node and Laurèn's classification. CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis suggests an increased risk between miR-146a rs2910164 GG genotype and gastric cancer susceptibility in Chinese based on published literatures.
Project description:Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common endocrine malignancy, with a steadily increasing incidence in the last few decades worldwide. The predisposition to developing this carcinoma by the heterozygous state of rs2910164 within the precursor of the miR-146a has been reported, but recently not confirmed. Interestingly, on the same chromosome, almost 50 kb separate the pre-miR-146a from the pituitary tumor-transforming gene 1 (PTTG1), a proto-oncogene involved in several tumors, including thyroid cancers. In this study, we analyzed, using a case-control design, the genetic association between PTC and the genomic region encompassing pre-miR-146a rs2910164 and PTTG1 rs1862391 and rs2910202. We enrolled 307 affected patients and 206 healthy controls. The possible presence of thyroid nodules in controls was excluded by ultrasonography. All the cases were submitted to single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping of pre-miR-146a and PTTG1, and risk association analyses were carried out. The genotypic and allelic frequencies of pre-miR-146a rs2910164 were not statistically different in the patients and controls, and this SNP was not in linkage disequilibrium with the investigated PTTG1 SNPs. Consistently, meta-analyses, the first including all the affected cases published to date, did not confirm the previously reported association of the heterozygous CG genotype with PTC. The PTTG1 SNPs exhibited the same allelic frequency in the patients and controls and were not associated with the disease. In conclusion, in a well-selected Italian population, neither pre-miR-146a rs2910164 nor PTTG1 rs1862391 and rs2910202 were found to be associated with the risk of developing PTC.
Project description:Single nucleotide polymorphisms in microRNAs (microRNA-196a2 rs11614913, microRNA-146a rs2910164, microRNA-149 rs2292832 and microRNA-499 rs3746444) have been inconsistently associated with risk for oral squamous cell cancer (OSCC). This meta-analysis aimed to assess the correlation between microRNA polymorphisms and susceptibility to OSCC.Free words were used to search for the relevant studies without language limitations in electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and SCOPUS through June 15, 2017. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated to investigate the effects of microRNA polymorphisms on oral cancer risk.Eleven studies were included. Analysis under the recessive model of microRNA-146a (CC vs GG+CG) showed significant differences (ORs = 0.874, P = 0.041). The G allele and the GG genotype of microRNA-499 were associated with OSCC risk (ORs >1, P < 0.05). MicroRNA-196a2 rs11614913 and microRNA-149 polymorphisms appeared to have no relationship with OSCC risk (P > 0.05). In the sensitivity analysis, there was a significant association between the TT genotype of microRNA-196a2 and OSCC risk (TT vs TC + CC, ORs < 1, P < 0.05).There may be no significant relationship between microRNA-149 polymorphisms and OSCC risk, and the CC genotype of microRNA-146a may have protective effects against oral cancer. However, the G allele and the GG genotype of microRNA-499 may increase OSCC risk.
Project description:Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), one of the most common malignant thyroid tumors, exits widely in the thyroid of adolescents. Thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF1) and 2 (TTF2) were thyroid-specific transcription factors, and regulated expression of the thyroid-specific genes. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between gene variants of TTF1 and TTF2 and the risk of PTC in Chinese population.Two tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) on TTF1 and TTF2 were selected and genotyped by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDITOF) mass spectrometry in a hospital-based case-control study of 297 PTC patients and 594 healthy controls. Furthermore, a meta-analysis of the association between TTF1 and TTF2 and PTC risk was also performed.We found that the rs944289 on the TTF1 was significantly associated with increased PTC risk (TT vs CC, OR = 1.53, 95% CI = 1.05-2.24; CT + TT vs TT, OR = 1.34, 95% CI = 1.00-1.79; T vs C, OR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.04-1.55). Similarly, the rs965513 on the TTF2 can also elevate the risk of PTC significantly (GA vs GG, OR = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.07-2.59; AA+GA vs AA, OR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.09-1.82; A vs G, OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 1.05-1.59). Furthermore, results of stratified analysis revealed that the risk effects of rs944289 and rs965513 were more overpowering in the subgroups of patients with MNG, as well as subjects without metastasis. Results of meta-analysis from the previous study and our new data indicated that variants of rs944289 and rs965513 might be the genetic susceptible factors both in Asians and Caucasians.We get the conclusion that mutations of TTF1 and TTF2 are significantly associated with an increasing risk of PTC in Chinese. However, more detailed investigations and further large-scale studies on genetic functions to provide more conclusive and accurate evidence are required in the future.
Project description:Three functional microRNA polymorphisms (miR-499 rs3746444 A > G, miR-196a rs11614913 C > T and miR-146a rs2910164 G > C) have been reported to be associated with breast cancer (BC) risk. However, the results of the published studies are inconsistent. In order to obtain a more credible result, we conducted this meta-analysis. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science databases to identify relevant studies. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the association. Thirty-eight eligible studies with 17,417 cases and 18,988 controls were included in this meta-analysis. Our results showed that the rs3746444 was associated with an increased breast cancer risk in the four genetic models (G vs. A: OR = 1.17, P = 0.008; GG vs. AA: OR = 1.41, P < 0.001; AG vs. AA: OR = 1.10, P = 0.036; GG+AG vs. AA: OR = 1.16, P = 0.001). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, significant correlation remained in Asians but not in Caucasians. For rs11614913, obvious decreased breast cancer risk was observed in Caucasian populations (T vs. C: OR = 0.93, P = 0.044). However, we couldn't detect an association between rs2910164 and breast cancer risk. This meta-analysis demonstrates that rs3746444 could increase breast cancer risk in Asians and in general populations, while rs11614913 could decrease the risk of breast cancer in Caucasians. The rs2910164 polymorphism has no association with breast cancer risk. More multicenter studies with larger sample sizes are required to verify our results.
Project description:Although papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) displays strong heritability, no predisposing germ-line mutations have been found. We show that a common G/C polymorphism (rs2910164) within the pre-miR-146a sequence reduced the amount of pre- and mature miR-146a from the C allele 1.9- and 1.8-fold, respectively, compared with the G allele. This is matched by a similar decrease in the amount of each pre-miR generated from the corresponding pri-miR-146a in an in vitro processing reaction. The C allele also interfered with the binding of a nuclear factor to pre-miR-146a. The reduction in miR-146a led to less efficient inhibition of target genes involved in the Toll-like receptor and cytokine signaling pathway (TRAF6, IRAK1), and PTC1 (also known as CCDC6 or H4), a gene frequently rearranged with RET proto-oncogene in PTC. In an association study of 608 PTC patients and 901 controls, we found marked differences in genotype distribution of rs2910164 (P = 0.000002), the GC heterozygous state being associated with an increased risk of acquiring PTC (odds ratio = 1.62, P = 0.000007), and both homozygous states protective with odds ratio = 0.42 for the CC genotype (P = 0.003) and odds ratio = 0.69 for the GG genotype (P = 0.0006). Moreover, 4.7% of tumors had undergone somatic mutations of the SNP sequence. Thus, our data suggest that a common polymorphism in pre-miR-146a affects the miR expression, contributes to the genetic predisposition to PTC, and plays a role in the tumorigenesis through somatic mutation. Preliminary evidence suggests that these effects are mediated through target genes whose expression is affected by the SNP status.