OCT4 increases BIRC5 and CCND1 expression and promotes cancer progression in hepatocellular carcinoma.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: OCT4 and BIRC5 are preferentially expressed in human cancer cells and mediate cancer cell survival and tumor maintenance. However, the molecular mechanism that regulates OCT4 and BIRC5 expression is not well characterized. METHODS: By manipulating OCT4 and BIRC5 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines, the regulatory mechanism of OCT4 on BIRC5 and CCND1 were investigated. RESULTS: Increasing or decreasing OCT4 expression could enhance or suppress BIRC5 expression, respectively, by regulating the activity of BIRC5 promoter. Because there is no binding site for OCT4 within BIRC5 promoter, the effect of OCT4 on BIRC5 promoter is indirect. An octamer motif for OCT4 in the CCND1 promoter has directly and partly participated in the regulation of CCND1 promoter activity, suggesting that OCT4 also could upregulated the expression of CCND1. Co-suppression of OCT4 and BIRC5 induced cancer cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, thereby efficiently inhibiting the proliferative activity of cancer cells and suppressing the growth of HCC xenogrfts in nude mice. CONCLUSION: OCT4 can upregulate BIRC5 and CCND1 expression by increasing their promoter activity. These factors collusively promotes HCC cell proliferation, and co-suppression of OCT4 and BIRC5 is potentially beneficial for HCC treatment.
Project description:Human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and survivin (BIRC5) gene promoters are frequently used for transcriptional targeting of tumor cells, yet there is no comprehensive comparative analysis allowing rational choice of a promoter for a particular therapy. In the current study, the transcriptional activity of hTERT, human BIRC5 and mouse Birc5 promoters and their modifications were compared in 10 human cancer cell lines using the luciferase reporter gene activity assay. The results revealed that BIRC5- and hTERT-based promoters had strikingly different cell specificities with comparable activities in only 40% of cell lines. Importantly, relative hTERT and BIRC5 transcript abundance cannot be used to predict the most potent promoter. Among the hTERT-based promoters that were assessed, modification with the minimal cytomegalovirus promoter generally resulted in the most potent activity. Mouse Birc5 and modified human BIRC5 promoters were superior to the unmodified human survivin promoter; however, their tumor specificities must be investigated further. In summary, the present results emphasize the desirability for construction of more universal tumor-specific promoters to efficiently target a wide spectrum of tumor cells.
Project description:CircRNAs participate in the pathogenesis of a variety of cancers. Previous studies showed that baculoviral IAP repeat containing 5 (BIRC5) can promote tumor progression. But, the mechanisms by which circRNAs regulate BIRC5 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unknown. The clinical prognosis of BIRC5 or miR-497-5p expression in patients with HCC was assessed by TCGA RNA-seq dataset. hsa_circ_0026939 (circANKRD52) or BIRC5 was identified to bind with miR-497-5p by luciferase gene report, RIP and circRIP assays. MTT, colony formation, Transwell assays and a xenograft tumor model were used to estimate the role of miR-497-5p or circANKRD52 in HCC cells. As a result, we found that elevated expression of BIRC5 or decreased expression of miR-497-5p was linked to poor survival in HCC. Restored expression of miR-497-5p repressed cell proliferation, colony formation and invasiveness by targeting BIRC5, but its inhibitor showed the opposite results. Furthermore, circANKRD52 possessed a tumor-promoting effect by acting as a sponge of miR-497-5p and thereby upregulated BIRC5 in HCC cells. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that circANKRD52 enhances the tumorigenesis of HCC by sponging miR-497-5p and upregulating BIRC5 expression.
Project description:YM155 is an anti-cancer therapy that has advanced into 11 different human clinical trials to treat various cancers. This apoptosis-inducing therapy indirectly affects the protein levels of survivin (gene: Birc5), but the molecular underpinnings of the mechanism remain largely unknown. Synovial sarcoma is a rare soft-tissue malignancy with high protein expression of survivin. We investigated whether YM155 would be a viable therapeutic option to treat synovial sarcoma. YM155 therapy was applied to human synovial sarcoma cell lines and to a genetically engineered mouse model of synovial sarcoma. We discovered that YM155 exhibited nanomolar potency against human synovial sarcoma cell lines and the treated mice with synovial sarcoma demonstrated a 50% reduction in tumor volume compared to control treated mice. We further investigated the mechanism of action of YM155 by looking at the change of lysine modifications of the histone tails that were within 250 base pairs of the Birc5 promoter. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP)-qPCR, we discovered that the histone epigenetic marks of H3K27 for the Birc5 promoter changed upon YM155 treatment. H3K27me3 and H3K27ac increased, but the net result was decreased Birc5/survivin expression. Furthermore, the combination of molecular events resulted in caspase 3/7/8 upregulation and death of the sarcoma cells.
Project description:Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a predominant type of lung cancer in never-smoker patients. In this study, we identified a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00857 that might regulate radio-sensitivity of LUAD cells. Expression of LINC00857 and baculoviral IAP repeat containing 5 (BIRC5) was determined to be upregulated in LUAD cells and tissues using qRT-PCR and western blot analysis. The correlation between LINC00857 and nuclear factor kappa B subunit 1 (NF-?B1) was verified using RNA immunoprecipitation and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, while the binding relationship between NF-?B1 and BIRC5 was determined by dual-luciferase reporter assay. It was suggested that LINC00857 could recruit NF-?B1 in BIRC5 promoter region. BIRC5 promoter activity was repressed in response to small interfering-LINC00857 (si-LINC00857) in LUAD cells. Silencing LINC00857 or BIRC5 reduced proliferation and colony formation but enhanced apoptosis and radio-sensitivity of LUAD cells. The experiment <i>in vivo</i> verified the function of silencing LINC00857 on enhancing radio-sensitivity of LUAD cells. Our results reveal a functional regulatory LINC00857-NF-?B1-BIRC5 triplet in LUAD cells, suggesting LINC00857 as a potential target for LUAD treatment.
Project description:BIRC5 is an immune-related gene that inhibits apoptosis and promotes cell proliferation. It is highly expressed in most tumors and leads to poor prognosis in cancer patients. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the expression level of BIRC5 in different tumors and patient prognosis, clinical parameters, and its role in tumor immunity. Genes co-expressed with BIRC5 were analyzed, and functional enrichment analysis was performed. The relationship between BIRC5 expression and the immune and stromal scores of tumors in pan-cancer patients and the infiltration level of 22 tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) was analyzed. The correlation of BIRC5 with immune checkpoints was conducted. Functional enrichment analysis showed that genes co-expressed with BIRC5 were significantly associated with the mitotic cell cycle, APC/C-mediated degradation of cell cycle proteins, mitotic metaphase, and anaphase pathways. Besides, the high expression of BIRC5 was significantly correlated with the expression levels of various DNA methyltransferases, indicating that BIRC5 regulates DNA methylation. We also found that BIRC5 was significantly correlated with multiple immune cells infiltrates in a variety of tumors. This study lays the foundation for future research on how BIRC5 modulates tumor immune cells, which may lead to the development of more effective targeted tumor immunotherapies.
Project description:AIMS:Baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis repeat containing 5 (BIRC5) plays vital roles in carcinogenesis by influencing cell division and proliferation and by inhibiting apoptosis. However, the prognostic significance of BIRC5 remains unclear in breast cancer. METHODS:BIRC5 expression and methylation status were evaluated using the Oncomine and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases. The relevance between BIRC5 and different clinicopathological features as well as survival information was analyzed using the bc-GenExMiner database and Kaplan-Meier Plotter. BIRC5-drug interaction network was obtained using the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database. RESULTS:Based on the results from databases and own hospital data, BIRC5 was higher expressed in different breast cancer subtypes compared with the matched normal individuals. Hormone receptors were negatively correlated with BIRC5 expression, whereas the Scarff-Bloom-Richardson (SBR) grade, Nottingham Prognostic Index (NPI), human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) status, basal-like status, and triple-negative status were positively related to BIRC5 level in breast cancer samples with respect to normal tissues. High BIRC5 expression was responsible for shorter relapse-free survival, worse overall survival, reduced distant metastasis free survival, and increased risk of metastatic relapse event. BIRC5-drug interaction network indicated that several common drugs could modulate BIRC5 expression. Furthermore, a positive correlation between BIRC5 andcell-division cycle protein 20 (CDC20) gene was confirmed. CONCLUSION:BIRC5 may be adopted as a promising predictive marker and potential therapeutic target in breast cancer. Further large-scale studies are needed to more precisely confirm the value of BIRC5 in treatment of breast cancer.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>The baculoviral IAP repeat containing 5 (BIRC5) related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, it remains unclear whether BIRC5-related genes can be used as prognostic markers of HCC.<h4>Methods</h4>Kaplan-Meier (K-M) survival curve was used to assess the Overall Survival (OS) of high- and low-expression group divided by the median of BIRC5 expression. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the two groups were screened using the limma package, and performed the functional enrichment analysis by the clusterProfiler package. WGCNA was used to analyze the relationship of the module and the clinical traits. The risk signature was constructed by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses and the enrichment analysis of genes in the risk signature was performed by the Intelligent pathway analysis (IPA). The immunophenoscore (IPS) and the tumor immune dysfunction and exclusion (TIDE) were used to estimate the clinical significance of the risk groups.<h4>Results</h4>BIRC5 was high-expressed in HCC samples and associated with a poor prognosis (p-value < 0.0001). WGCNA screened 180 module genes which were overlapped with the 241 DEGs, ultimately getting 33 candidate genes. After the Cox regression analyses, CENPA, CDCA8, EZH2, KIF20A, KPNA2, CCNB1, KIF18B and MCM4 were preserved and used to construct risk signature, followed by calculating the risk score. The patients in high-risk groups stratified by median of the risk score were associated with a poor prognosis. The risk score had high accuracy [the area under the curve (AUC) > 0.72] and was closely associated with clinicopathological characteristics of HCC patients. IPA suggested that the 8 genes were enriched in Cancer and Immunological disease related pathways. IPS and TIDE score indicated that the genes in low-risk group could cause an immune response, and patients in the low-risk group may be more sensitive to the immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy.<h4>Conclusion</h4>The risk score constructed by the 8 genes could not only predict the clinical outcome but also distinguish the cohort of ICB therapy in HCC, which exerted a vital value in treatment and prognosis of HCC.
Project description:Baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis repeat-containing 5 (BIRC5)/survivin genetic microRNA (miRNA) binding site variants in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) are known to be significantly associated with cancer risk. However, the roles of genetic variants in BIRC5/survivin gene 3'UTRs and post-transcriptional regulation have not been elucidated. In the present study, we revealed that rs1042489, rs1042542, rs17882360, rs2239680, rs2661694 and rs4789560 in the BIRC5/survivin 3'UTR have potential miRNA binding sites using bioinformatics analysis. However, only rs1042489 was significantly associated with BIRC5/survivin mRNA expression in lymphoblastoid cell lines (P=0.030); rs1042489 may be a putative variant mediating the post-transcriptional regulation of the target BIRC5/survivin gene. An in-depth understanding of how 3'UTR variants regulate BIRC5/survivin activity is expected to pave the way to targeting the BIRC5/survivin pathway in cancer therapy.
Project description:BIRC5 encodes the protein survivin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis family. Survivin is highly expressed in a variety of cancers but has very low expression in the corresponding normal tissues, and its expression is often associated with tumor metastasis and chemoresistance. We report that survivin was highly expressed in ovarian cancer and strongly correlated with patient overall poor survival. For the first time, we provide experimental evidence that survivin is involved in epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in ovarian cancer cells. Lentiviral CRISPR/Cas9 nickase vector mediated BIRC5 gene editing led to the inhibition of EMT by upregulating epithelial cell marker, cytokeratin 7 and downregulating mesenchymal markers: snail2, ?-catenin, and vimentin in both ovarian cancer SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells. Consistent with this molecular approach, pharmacological treatment of ovarian cancer cells using a small molecule survivin inhibitor, YM155 also inhibited EMT in these ovarian cancer cell lines. Overexpression of BIRC5 promoted EMT in SKOV3 cells. Using molecular or pharmacological approaches, we found that cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were significantly inhibited following BIRC5 disruption in both cell lines. Inhibition of BIRC5 expression also sensitized cell responses to paclitaxel treatment. Moreover, loss of BIRC5 expression attenuated TGF? signaling in both SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells. Collectively, our studies demonstrated that disruption of BIRC5 expression inhibited EMT by attenuating the TGF? pathway in ovarian cancer cells.
Project description:Survivin, encoded by BIRC5 gene (baculoviral IAP repeat containing 5), belongs to the family of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs). In mammalian cells it participates in the control of mitosis, apoptosis regulation, and cellular stress response. Its expression is increased in almost all types of cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of BIRC5 polymorphisms in breast cancer (BC) and to connect survivin expression with various clinicopathological characteristics of BC patients. Blood and archival tumour tissue samples were collected from 26 BC patients from Croatia. Survivin expression was determined immunohistochemically. BIRC5 promoter, coding region, and 3'UTR were genotyped. DNA from 74 healthy women was used as control. BIRC5 polymorphisms and survivin expression were tested against age of onset, histological grade, tumour type and size, lymph node status, oestrogen, progesterone, Her2, and Ki67 status. Numbers of samples with weak, moderate, and strong survivin expression were 9 (33.3%), 11 (40.7%), and 7 (25.9%), respectively. Most patients had nuclear survivin staining (92.6%). High survivin expression was significantly associated with negative oestrogen receptor status (p=0.007) and positive Ki67 expression (p=0.032). Ki67 expression was also positively correlated with histological grade (p=0.0009). Fourteen polymorphisms were found in BC samples, located mostly in promoter and 3'UTR of BIRC5. There was no significant difference in the distribution of polymorphisms between BC and control samples. Among clinicopathological characteristics of BC patients, alleles of five BIRC5 polymorphisms were associated with younger age of onset: c.-644T>C (55.8 years [y] vs. 48.1 y; p=0.006), c.-241C>T (54.2 y vs. 45.0; p=0.029), c.9809T>C (55.8 y vs. 48.1 y; p=0.006), c.-1547C>T (58.3 y vs. 50.9 y; p=0.011), and c.9386T>C (50.8 y vs. 59.5 y; p=0.004). To assess the significance of BIRC5 polymorphisms and survivin expression as predictive and prognostic biomarkers for BC further research with a larger sample size is needed.