Efficacy and tolerability of a single-pill combination of telmisartan 80 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg according to age, gender, race, hypertension severity, and previous antihypertensive use: planned analyses of a randomized trial.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:The purpose of this work was to describe the efficacy and safety of a telmisartan 80 mg + hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg (T80/H25) single-pill combination therapy in patients with moderate-severe hypertension (mean seated trough cuff systolic blood pressure [BP] ? 160 mmHg and diastolic BP ? 100 mmHg) in specific patient subpopulations. METHODS:This was a planned analysis of a double-blind, multicenter, parallel-group trial that demonstrated the superiority of a single-pill combination of T80/H25 versus T80 monotherapy in terms of systolic BP change from baseline to week 7. Subpopulations included older (aged ? 65 years) versus younger, gender, race, hypertension severity, and prior antihypertensive therapy. Endpoints were change from baseline in mean seated trough cuff systolic and diastolic BP, proportion of patients achieving their BP goal (systolic/diastolic BP < 140/90 mmHg), and proportion of patients attaining systolic BP reductions of >30 mmHg and >40 mmHg. RESULTS:Across all subgroups, the T80/H25 single-pill combination provided consistently greater systolic and diastolic BP reductions than T80 and more patients had systolic BP reductions of >30 mmHg. In the T80 and T80/H25 groups, BP control was achieved in 34.1% and 48.8% of men, 35.5% and 62.7% of women, 34.5% and 56.6% of Asians, 22.6% and 38.6% of blacks, 36.7% and 57.8% of whites, 36.9% and 57.5% of patients < 65 years, 29.3% and 49.3% ?65 years, 44.2% and 66.2% of those with grade 2 hypertension, 20.4% and 39.4% of those with grade 3 hypertension, 38.9% and 53.2% of previously untreated patients, 38.1% and 62.5% of patients previously treated with one antihypertensive, and 29.7% and 48.9% of patients previously treated with two or more antihypertensive agents respectively. Treatment was generally well tolerated across the patient subgroups. CONCLUSION:The T80/H25 single-pill combination provides consistent BP reductions and higher goal attainment rates versus T80 across a range of hypertensive patient subgroups, which are likely to have a positive impact on patients' cardiovascular risk.
Project description:Objective. Report of prespecified and post hoc subgroup analyses of a randomized, controlled trial comparing telmisartan 80?mg/hydrochlorothiazide 25?mg (T80/H25) combination therapy with T80 monotherapy, according to the presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Methods. Hypertensive patients were randomized (2?:?1) to receive T80/H25 or T80 for 6 weeks, following a 1-week, low-dose, and run-in period. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic BP reductions and BP goal achievement were evaluated in patients with CVD risk factors: presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), renal impairment, increased body mass index (BMI), and 10-year estimated risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Results. In total, 888 patients received treatment. Overall, T80/H25 therapy significantly reduced SBP more than T80 monotherapy, irrespective of patient subgroup. In patients with DM, renal impairment, high BMI, and high CHD risk, BP goal achievement rates (<140/90?mm?Hg) at Week 7, among those treated with T80/H25, were 52.8%, 52.8%, 50.6%, and 38.5%, respectively. More patients with DM reached a guideline-based BP goal (<130/80?mm?Hg) at 7 weeks with T80/H25 than with T80 monotherapy (16.7% versus 8.8%). Rates of treatment-related adverse events were low and comparable across patient subgroups. Conclusions. Antihypertensive treatment with T80/H25 single-pill combination is effective and generally well tolerated, irrespective of the presence of CVD risk factors.
Project description:Hypertensive patients unable to reach blood pressure (BP) targets with antihypertensive monotherapy may be switched to a combination of two medications with complementary modes of action for improved treatment response. This post hoc analysis pools data from 2812 patients, 1891 of whom were not at goal (diastolic BP [DBP] <90?mm?Hg) with amlodipine 5?mg (A5) monotherapy who subsequently switched to telmisartan 40 or 80?mg (T80)/A5 single-pill combination (SPC) or amlodipine 10?mg (A10) monotherapy, and considers an additional 921 patients, 616 of whom were not at goal with A10 monotherapy who switched to telmisartan/amlodipine SPC. Patients switched to telmisartan/amlodipine SPC achieved significantly greater BP reductions compared with continued monotherapy (P < 0.0001) with reductions of -15.2/-10.9?mm?Hg seen with T80/A5 after 8 weeks in patients switched from A5. BP goal (<140/90?mm?Hg), systolic BP goal (<140?mm?Hg), and DBP goal (<90?mm?Hg) were reached by significantly more patients with telmisartan/amlodipine than with monotherapy (P < 0.0001 for all comparisons; 56.1%, 69.7%, and 66.9%, resp., in patients who switched from A5 to T80/A5). Early use of such combination therapy should be considered to quickly reach BP targets, particularly in patients with added risk.
Project description:AIMS:Sulodexide is a highly purified mixture of glycosaminoglycans that has been studied for its anti-albuminuric potential. Considering the effects of glycosaminoglycans on endothelial function and sodium homeostasis, we hypothesized that sulodexide may lower blood pressure (BP). In this meta-analysis, we therefore investigated the antihypertensive effects of sulodexide treatment. METHODS:We selected randomized controlled trials that investigated sulodexide treatment of at least 4 weeks and measured BP at baseline and after treatment. Two reviewers independently extracted data on study design, risk of bias, population characteristics and outcome measures. In addition, we contacted authors and pharmaceutical companies to provide missing data. RESULTS:Eight studies, totalling 3019 subjects (mean follow-up 4.4 months) were included. Mean age was 61 years and mean baseline BP was 135/75 mmHg. Compared with control treatment, sulodexide resulted in a significant systolic (2.2 mmHg [95% CI 0.3, 4.1], P = 0.02) and diastolic BP reduction (1.7 mmHg [95% CI 0.6, 2.9], P = 0.004). Hypertensive patients displayed the largest systolic BP and diastolic BP reductions (10.2/5.4 mmHg, P < 0.001). Higher baseline systolic and diastolic BP were significantly associated with larger systolic (r(2)=0.83, P < 0.001) and diastolic BP (r(2)=0.41, P = 0.02) reductions after sulodexide treatment. In addition, systolic (r(2)=0.41, P = 0.03) and diastolic BP reductions (r(2)=0.60, P = 0.005) were significantly associated with albuminuria reduction. CONCLUSION:Our data suggest that sulodexide treatment results in a significant BP reduction, especially in hypertensive subjects. This indicates that endothelial glycosaminoglycans might be an independent therapy target in cardiovascular disease. Future studies should further address the BP lowering potential of sulodexide.
Project description:Background:It is unclear whether renal denervation (RDN) can safely result in blood pressure (BP) reductions in Asian hypertensive patients and whether such reductions would be sustainable. The study is to assess the safety and efficacy of RDN achieved by either main renal artery ablation using the Symplicity FlexTM catheter or main plus branch renal artery ablations using the Symplicity SpyralTM catheter in Taiwanese uncontrolled hypertensive patients enrolled in the Global SYMPLICITY Registry (GSR) with 3 years of follow-up. Methods:The GSR is a prospective, open-label, and all-comer registry to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of RDN in patients with uncontrolled hypertension worldwide. Results:Among 26 patients enrolled (mean age, 59.1 ± 13.8 years), 8 were treated with the Symplicity FlexTM catheter, and 18 were treated with the Symplicity SpyralTM catheter. Baseline office systolic BP was 168.2 ± 19.8 mmHg and diastolic BP was 89.0 ± 14.3 mmHg. Office BP reductions following RDN were sustained throughout the follow-up periods of up to 3 years in the Symplicity FlexTM group and 2 years in the Symplicity SpyralTM group. In the Symplicity FlexTM group, the office systolic BP reductions were 14.9 ± 14.7 mmHg and 29.7 ± 25.9 mmHg at 3 months and 3 years, respectively (both p < 0.05 from baseline). In the Symplicity SpyralTM group, the office systolic BP reductions were 21.2 ± 28.7 mmHg and 42.4 ± 10.7 mmHg at 3 months and 2 years, respectively (both p < 0.05 from baseline). There were no significant changes in heart rate or antihypertensive medication classes. Three protocol-defined adverse events occurred in 2 patients, including new-onset end-stage renal disease, stroke, and hospitalization for new-onset heart failure. Conclusions:Given the susceptibility of Asian populations to hypertension, RDN, as a safe antihypertensive procedure with long-lasting BP-lowering effects, could reliably serve as an alternative or complementary BP-lowering strategy for patients with uncontrolled hypertension in Taiwan and other Asian countries.
Project description:Importance:Poorly controlled hypertension is a leading global public health problem requiring new treatment strategies. Objective:To assess whether a low-dose triple combination antihypertensive medication would achieve better blood pressure (BP) control vs usual care. Design, Setting, and Participants:Randomized, open-label trial of a low-dose triple BP therapy vs usual care for adults with hypertension (systolic BP >140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP >90 mm Hg; or in patients with diabetes or chronic kidney disease: >130 mm Hg and/or >80 mm Hg) requiring initiation (untreated patients) or escalation (patients receiving monotherapy) of antihypertensive therapy. Patients were enrolled from 11 urban hospital clinics in Sri Lanka from February 2016 to May 2017; follow-up ended in October 2017. Interventions:A once-daily fixed-dose triple combination pill (20 mg of telmisartan, 2.5 mg of amlodipine, and 12.5 mg of chlorthalidone) therapy (n = 349) or usual care (n = 351). Main Outcomes and Measures:The primary outcome was the proportion achieving target systolic/diastolic BP (<140/90 mm Hg or <130/80 mm Hg in patients with diabetes or chronic kidney disease) at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included mean systolic/diastolic BP difference during follow-up and withdrawal of BP medications due to an adverse event. Results:Among 700 randomized patients (mean age, 56 years; 58% women; 29% had diabetes; mean baseline systolic/diastolic BP, 154/90 mm Hg), 675 (96%) completed the trial. The triple combination pill increased the proportion achieving target BP vs usual care at 6 months (70% vs 55%, respectively; risk difference, 12.7% [95% CI, 3.2% to 22.0%]; P < .001). Mean systolic/diastolic BP at 6 months was 125/76 mm Hg for the triple combination pill vs 134/81 mm Hg for usual care (adjusted difference in postrandomization BP over the entire follow-up: systolic BP, -9.8 [95% CI, -7.9 to -11.6] mm Hg; diastolic BP, -5.0 [95% CI, -3.9 to -6.1] mm Hg; P < .001 for both comparisons). Overall, 419 adverse events were reported in 255 patients (38.1% for triple combination pill vs 34.8% for usual care) with the most common being musculoskeletal pain (6.0% and 8.0%, respectively) and dizziness, presyncope, or syncope (5.2% and 2.8%). There were no significant between-group differences in the proportion of patient withdrawal from BP-lowering therapy due to adverse events (6.6% for triple combination pill vs 6.8% for usual care). Conclusions and Relevance:Among patients with mild to moderate hypertension, treatment with a pill containing low doses of 3 antihypertensive drugs led to an increased proportion of patients achieving their target BP goal vs usual care. Use of such medication as initial therapy or to replace monotherapy may be an effective way to improve BP control. Trial Registration:anzctr.org.au Identifier: ACTRN12612001120864; slctr.lk Identifier: SLCTR/2015/020.
Project description:The efficacy and safety of telmisartan 80?mg/amlodipine 5?mg plus hydrochlorothiazide 12.5?mg (T80/A5/H12.5) was examined for its ability to treat hypertension in Japanese patients whose hypertension is uncontrolled with telmisartan 80?mg/amlodipine 5?mg (T80/A5). Patients aged ?20 years who had essential hypertension despite taking two or three antihypertensive drugs entered a 6-week run-in period on T80/A5. Patients whose hypertension remained uncontrolled were randomly assigned to either the T80/A5/H12.5 group (n=149) or the T80/A5 group (n=160), once daily for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, patients in the T80/A5/H12.5 group showed a significantly greater adjusted mean reduction in both seated diastolic blood pressure and seated systolic blood pressure than those in the T80/A5 group. Furthermore, more patients achieved a diastolic/systolic blood pressure of <90/140?mm?Hg in the T80/A5/H12.5 group compared with the T80/A5 group. The most common adverse events were nasopharyngitis, elevated blood uric acid levels and hyperuricemia, and the latter two events were more frequent in the T80/A5/H12.5 group than in the T80/A5 group. Overall, T80/A5/H12.5 administered for 8 weeks significantly reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure and was well tolerated by patients with hypertension uncontrolled with T80/A5.
Project description:Two 8-week, randomized, double-blind, controlled studies previously evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of single-pill combinations of telmisartan 40-80 mg/amlodipine 5-10 mg (T40-80/A5-10) in patients with hypertension not at diastolic blood pressure (DBP) goal (DBP <90 mm Hg) after 6 weeks of amlodipine 5 mg monotherapy (A5) (TEAMSTA-5) or amlodipine 10 mg monotherapy (A10) (TEAMSTA-10). The long-term (≥6 months) tolerability and efficacy of single-pill combinations of T40-T80/A5-A10 have now been evaluated in 2 open-label studies in patients who had successfully completed either TEAMSTA-5 or TEAMSTA-10 (TEAMSTA-5 and TEAMSTA-10 Follow-Ups).In the TEAMSTA-5 Follow-Up, 976 patients whose blood pressure was not initially controlled by taking A5 received T40/A5 for 4 or 8 weeks, with consecutive uptitration to T80/A5 if DBP was ≥90 mm Hg. In TEAMSTA-10 Follow-Up, 838 patients not initially achieving blood pressure control using A10 received T40/A10 for 4 weeks before randomization to T40/A10 or T80/A10; after 4 weeks, patients randomized to T40/A10 with DBP ≥90 mm Hg were uptitrated to T80/A10. In both studies, add-on antihypertensive medication was allowed if DBP was not at goal.Treatment compliance in both follow-up studies was ≥98.4%. Single-pill combinations of T40-T80/A5-A10 resulted in additional clinically relevant blood pressure reductions and 67% to 93% of patients achieved DBP goal (<90 mm Hg); only 1% to 19% of patients received additional medication for hypertension, of whom 29% to 76% achieved DBP goal. Long-term treatment with T40-T80/A5-A10 was well tolerated, with comparable adverse event profiles for all telmisartan/amlodipine combinations. The most common drug-related adverse events were peripheral edema (1.9%-3.9%) and dizziness (1.5% in the T80/A5 group only); these were consistent with the known tolerability profiles of telmisartan/amlodipine combinations. Overall treatment discontinuation rates due to adverse events were low (0.7%-1.5%).In patients not achieving DBP goal with either A5 or A10 monotherapy, the vast majority achieved DBP goal with single-pill combinations of T40-T80/A5-A10. Long-term treatment was well tolerated with high compliance, promoting treatment adherence regardless of telmisartan/amlodipine dose. ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT00614380 (TEAMSTA-5 Follow-up) and NCT00624052 (TEAMSTA-10 Follow-up).
Project description:Objective. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the telmisartan plus amlodipine (T/A) single-pill combination (SPC) in Asian patients with hypertension whose blood pressure (BP) was not adequately controlled on either monotherapy or on low-dose combination therapy. Patients and Methods. Data are presented from five Boehringer Ingelheim-sponsored phase 3, double-blind, 8-week, studies: two studies in nonresponders to amlodipine (data pooled for amlodipine), two studies on nonresponders to telmisartan (pooled data), and one on nonresponders to low-dose T/A SPC. Results. After 8 weeks' treatment, mean reductions from the reference baseline in diastolic BP (DBP; primary endpoint), systolic BP (SBP), and SBP, DBP goal, and response rates were higher with the T/A SPC than respective monotherapies. The T80/A5 SPC resulted in greater reductions in DBP and SBP, and higher DBP goal and response rate than the low-dose T40/A5 SPC. Peripheral edema incidence was low (amlodipine 0.5%, telmisartan 0.0%, and T/A SPC 0.7%). Discussion and Conclusion. In Asian patients whose BP is not adequately controlled with telmisartan or amlodipine monotherapy, T/A SPC treatment results in greater BP reduction, and higher DBP and SBP goal and response rates. The safety and tolerability of the T/A SPC are comparable to those of the respective monotherapies and consistent with those reported in previous studies.
Project description:Patients with hypertension often require a combination of three antihypertensive agents to achieve blood pressure control, but very few single-pill triple combinations are available. The aim of this study was to determine whether a single-pill triple combination of perindopril, indapamide, and amlodipine was as effective as a dual-pill combination of perindopril/indapamide plus separate amlodipine at reducing blood pressure in patients with uncontrolled, essential hypertension.This international, multicenter, open-label, randomized controlled trial was conducted in men or women aged ?18 years old with confirmed essential hypertension (SBP ?140 and <160 mmHg and DBP ?90 and <100 mmHg), uncontrolled on maximal dose antihypertensive monotherapy or with a single dose of dual therapy. Patients were randomly assigned to: single-pill triple combination of perindopril 5 mg/indapamide 1.25 mg/amlodipine 5 mg (Per/Ind/Aml) or dual-pill combination perindopril 5 mg/indapamide 1.25 mg + amlodipine 5 mg (Per/Ind + Aml) once daily for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was change in office supine SBP and DBP from baseline to week 12. The proportion of responders defined as those with normalized BP (SBP <140 mmHg and DBP <90 mmHg), and/or decrease of SBP ?20 mmHg, and/or decrease of DBP ?10 mmHg at week 12 (W12) compared with baseline was also assessed. Secondary efficacy endpoints included change in office supine SBP and DBP, response, and BP control at weeks 4 and 8. The tolerability of the treatments was also assessed.A total of 148 patients were randomized: 75 to Per/Ind/Aml and 73 to Per/Ind + Aml. Mean supine SBP and DBP were 149.1 ± 4.7 and 94.1 ± 3.1 mmHg, respectively, with no relevant between-group difference. At week 12, both triple-therapy regimens were associated with clinically significant reductions in SBP compared with baseline (-21.5 ± 11.7 and -20.0 ± 12.9 mmHg, respectively). Reductions in office supine DBP were also clinically significant (-15.3 ± 7.8 and -14.8 ± 9.0 mmHg, respectively). The proportion of treatment responders was high in both groups: 89.2 and 87.1%, respectively. The reduction in office supine SBP/DBP was already evident at week 4 and maintained for the duration of the study in both groups. The majority of patients were treatment responders at week 4 (89.2 and 82.9%, respectively) and had achieved BP control (87.8 vs. 78.6%, respectively), which was maintained until week 12 in both treatment groups. Both treatments were well tolerated with no between-group differences.In adult patients with uncontrolled essential hypertension on treatment, single-pill triple-combination therapy with Per/Ind/Aml is as effective as the same dose dual-pill combination of Per/Ind + Aml. Both treatments were associated with clinically significant BP reductions compared with baseline and were well tolerated. Clinical trials number: http://www.controlled-trials.com ISRCTN: 16442558.Les Laboratoires Servier.
Project description:<h4>Introduction</h4>Many patients need more than one antihypertensive agent for effective blood pressure (BP) control. Prescription of a fixed-dose combination (FDC) of bisoprolol and amlodipine in one tablet has been shown to significantly improve patient adherence. This non-interventional study investigated the effects on adherence and BP control of switching from a free-dose combination of the two antihypertensive substances to a FDC in a larger patient population.<h4>Methods</h4>Patients aged ?18 years with essential hypertension were switched at least 4 weeks prior to study initiation from a free-dose combination of bisoprolol and amlodipine to the FDC. Dosage adjustment was implemented only if medically indicated. Adherence was assessed on the basis of the ratio of pills used to pills dispensed (%) at each visit (pill count). BP and key laboratory values were determined at baseline, 3 and 6 months.<h4>Results</h4>10,532 patients (average age 59 years; 48% female) were recruited between 2013 and 2014; 22% of patients had type 2 diabetes and 38% had cardiovascular disease. The mean doses of the freely combined drugs prior to switching were 5.5 mg bisoprolol and 6.1 mg amlodipine once daily. The mean daily doses prescribed in the FDC were 5.8 and 6.4 mg, respectively. Pill counts at 6 months revealed a good to excellent adherence in >95% of the patients. Comparison of BP at baseline and at 6 months showed substantial changes (mean systolic BP: 147.3 vs. 130.9 mmHg; mean diastolic BP: 87.9 vs. 79.1 mmHg). Clinically relevant improvement in systolic BP was established for 82% of patients. In patients with comorbidities, switching to FDC produced a substantial improvement in BP. A total of 89 (0.7%) adverse events (AEs) were reported, including edema, headache, dizziness, bradycardia, nausea, and skin reactions. Only three AEs were classified as serious.<h4>Conclusion</h4>These data from a non-interventional study in a large patient population demonstrate the benefits of prescribing a FDC of bisoprolol-amlodipine in terms of an excellent adherence and an associated improvement in control of previously elevated BP, which may be relevant in real-life practice.<h4>Funding</h4>Merck KGaA.