A review of the genus Ogdoconta Butler (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Condicinae, Condicini) from North America north of Mexico with descriptions of three new species.
ABSTRACT: The species of the genus Ogdoconta Butler, 1891 (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Condicinae, Condicini) from North America north of Mexico are reviewed, and a description of the genus is given. Ogdoconta satana Metzler, Knudson & Poole, sp. n., is described from New Mexico and Texas, Ogdoconta rufipenna Metzler, Knudson & Poole, sp. n., is described from Arizona, and Ogdoconta fergusoni Metzler & Lafontaine, sp. n., is described from Florida, Mississippi, and Louisiana. A key to the species of Ogdoconta of North America north of Mexico is provided. Adult moths and male and female genitalia of Ogdoconta satana, Ogdoconta rufipenna, Ogdoconta fergusoni, Ogdoconta cinereola (Guenée, 1852), Ogdoconta moreno Barnes, 1907, Ogdoconta sexta Barnes & McDunnough, 1913, Ogdoconta altura Barnes, 1904, and Ogdoconta tacna (Barnes, 1904) are illustrated.
Project description:Hippia packardii (Morrison) and Hippia insularis (Grote) are moved to the genus Elasmia Möschler as comb. n.Elasmia cave Metzler,sp. n. is described from New Mexico and Texas, and Elasmia mandela santaana Metzler & Knudson,ssp. n. is described from Texas and Oklahoma. A key to the species of Elasmia of southwestern U.S. is provided. Adult male and female moths of Elasmia from southwestern U.S. and their genitalia are illustrated.
Project description:The genus Protorthodes McDunnough is revised to include 15 species including P. ustulata Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., from southwestern United States, P. texicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Texas and Mexico, and P. mexicana Lafontaine, sp. n., from Mexico. A new genus, Nudorthodes Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, is proposed for two species formerly included in Protorthodes, P. texana (Smith, 1900), comb. n., and P. variabilis (Barnes & McDunnough, 1912), comb. n., and N. molino Lafontaine, Walsh & Ferris, sp. n., described from southern Arizona. A key to species, descriptions, illustrations of adults and genitalia, and distribution maps are included.
Project description:A new species of Ogdoconta Butler (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Condicinae, Condicini) is described from the Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz County, Arizona, USA. Ogdoconta margareta sp. n., is related closely to Ogdoconta tacna (Barnes) from Texas. Modifications are proposed to a recently published key to the Ogdoconta species north of Mexico to allow identification of the new species.
Project description:The New World genus Eucalantica Busck, 1904 is reviewed. It comprises seven species, six of which are described as new: Eucalantica costaricae Sohn & Nishida, sp. n., Eucalantica ehecatlella Sohn & Nishida, sp. n., Eucalantica icarusella Sohn & Nishida, sp. n., Eucalantica powelli Sohn, sp. n., and Eucalantica pumila Sohn, sp. n., all five from Costa Rica; Eucalantica vaquero Sohn, sp. n. from southern USA and Mexico. The type species, Eucalantica polita (Walsingham, 1881), is redescribed and a lectotype and two paralectotypes are designated. Illustrations and keys based on the forewing patterns and the genitalia of each sex are provided. Our review suggests that there remains an undiscovered high diversity of Eucalantica in the tropical highlands of Central America.
Project description:The genus Gasteruption Latreille, 1796 (Hymenoptera: Evanioidea: Gasteruptiidae: Gasteruptiinae) from North Iran and Turkey is revised, keyed and fully illustrated for the first time. In total 36 species are treated of which 33 are recorded from Turkey and 23 from Iran. Fifteen species are new for science: Gasteruptionaciculatum van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionagrenum van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionbrevibasale van Achterberg & Saure, sp. n., Gasteruptioncoriacoxale van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionflavimarginatum van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionheminitidum van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionhenseni van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionischnolaimum van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionnigrapiculatum van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionpaglianoi van Achterberg & Saure, sp. n., Gasteruptionpseudolaticeps van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionpunctifrons van Achterberg, sp. n., Gasteruptionschmideggeri van Achterberg & Saure, sp. n., Gasteruptionscorteum van Achterberg, sp. n. and Gasteruptionsmitorum van Achterberg, sp. n. Twenty-one species are reported new for Turkey and 16 species new for Iran. Fifteen new synonyms are proposed: Foenusterrestris Tournier, 1877, Gasteruptiontrifossulatum Kieffer, 1904, and Gasteruptionignoratum Kieffer, 1912, of Gasteruptioncaucasicum (Guérin-Méneville, 1844); Gasteruptiondaisyi Alekseev, 1993, of Gasteruptiondolichoderum Schletterer, 1889; Gasteruptionassectatorvar.nitidulum Schletterer, 1885, of Gasteruptionfreyi (Tournier, 1877); Gasteruptionschossmannae Madl, 1987, of Gasteruptionhastator (Fabricius, 1804); Gasteryptionfallaciosum Semenov, 1892, Gasteruptiondubiosum Semenov, 1892 and Gasteruptionobsoletum Semenov, 1892, of Gasteruptioninsidiosum Semenov, 1892; Gasteryptionschewyrewi Semenov, 1892, of Gasteruptionjaculator (Linnaeus, 1758); Gasteruptionfloreum Szépligeti, 1903, of Gasteruptionlugubre Schletterer, 1889; Gasteruptiontrichotomma Kieffer, 1904, and Gasteruptionpalaestinum Pic, 1916, of Gasteruptionmerceti Kieffer, 1904; Gasteryptionfoveiceps Semenov, 1892, of Gasteruptionnigrescens Schletterer, 1885, and Gasteruptionlibanense Pic, 1916, of Gasteruptionsyriacum Szépligeti, 1903. Gasteruptionlugubre Schletterer, 1889, is recognised as a valid species. Lectotypes are designated for Ichneumonassectator Linnaeus, 1758; Ichneumonjaculator Linnaeus, 1758; Foenusterrestris Tournier, 1877; Foenusfreyi Tournier, 1877; Foenusnigripes Tournier, 1877; Foenusgoberti Tournier, 1877; Foenusgranulithorax Tournier, 1877; Foenusminutus Tournier, 1877; Foenusborealis Thomson, 1883; Faenusdiversipes Abeille de Perrin, 1879; Foenusrugulosus Abeille de Perrin, 1879; Faenusobliteratus Abeille de Perrin, 1879; Faenusundulatum Abeille de Perrin, 1879; Faenusvariolosus Abeille de Perrin, 1879; Gasteruptiondistinguendum Schletterer, 1885; Gasteruptionlaeviceps Schletterer, 1885; Gasteruptionthomsonii Schletterer, 1885; Gasteruptionfoveolatum Schletterer, 1889; Gasteruptionsowae Schletterer, 1901; Gasteruptionfoveolum Szépligeti, 1903; Gasteruptionfloreum Szépligeti, 1903; Gasteruptioncaudatum Szépligeti, 1903; Gasteruptionsyriacum Szépligeti, 1903; Gasteruptionmerceti Kieffer, 1904 and Gasteruptionignoratum Kieffer, 1912. A neotype is designated for Gasteruptiontournieri Schletterer, 1885.
Project description:The Lactura Walker, 1854 fauna north of Mexico is revised. Six species are documented, one new species Lacturanalli Matson & Wagner, sp. n. is described, and two new synonymies are proposed: Lacturapsammitis (Zeller, 1872), syn. n. and L.rhodocentra (Meyrick, 1913), syn. n. One new subspecies Lacturasubfervenssapeloensis Matson & Wagner, ssp. n. is also described. Adult and larval stages, male and female genitalia, are illustrated, a preliminary phylogeny is presented based on nuclear and mitochondrial data, distribution records provided for verified specimens, and the biology and life history for each species is briefly characterized. Phylogenetic analyses, larval phenotypes, and life history information reveal that much of the historic taxonomic confusion rampant across this group in North America traces to the phenotypic variation in just one species, L.subfervens (Walker, 1854).
Project description:The North American (north of Mexico) species of the tenebrionid genus Paratenetus Spinola are reviewed and a key is presented for their identification. Five species are recognized, P. gibbipennis Motschulsky, P. fuscus LeConte, P. punctatus Spinola and two sp. n., P. exutus [type locality: Tabusintac, Nova Scotia] and P. texanus [type locality: Port Isabel, Cameron County, Texas]. Two syn. n. are proposed: P. cribratus Motschulsky, 1868 with P. gibbipennis Motschulsky, 1868 and P. crinitus Fall, 1907 with P. fuscus LeConte, 1850. A lectotype is selected for Paratenetus punctatus Spinola. A type species is designated for Storthephora Mäklin, 1875 (Storthephora denticollis Mäklin, 1875).
Project description:A new species of Lactura is described from Texas: Lactura rubritegulasp. n. Identity of the new species can be reliably determined by both larval and adult characters, CO1 haplotypes, and its late-spring period of flight activity. Male genitalic features overlap with those of L. basistriga (Barnes & McDunnough, 1913), whereas female structures differ markedly between the pair. The new Sideroxylon-feeding species, rare in collections, is found principally in limestone areas in the vicinity San Antonio, Texas, westward through the southern Hill Country. We illustrate the adult and larval stages and male and female genitalia, review available DNA barcode data that support the recognition of the new Lactura, and briefly characterize its life history.
Project description:Several taxonomic issues in the moth families Erebidae and Noctuidae are addressed for Northwestern North America. Drasteria parallelaCrabo & Mustelin andCycnia oregonensis tristisCrabo in the Erebidae and Eudryas brevipennis bonneville Shepard & Crabo, Resapamea diluvius Crabo, Resapamea angelika Crabo, Resapamea mammuthus Crabo, Fishia nigrescens Hammond & Crabo, and Xestia perquiritata orcaCrabo & Hammond in the Noctuidae are described as new. The following new synonyms are proposed: Chytolita petrealis Grote with Herminea morbidalis Guenée; Gortyna columbia Barnes & Benjamin and Gortyna ximena Barnes & Benjamin with Gortyna obliqua Harvey; and Hydroecia pallescens Smith with Hydroecia medialis Smith. The type locality of Gortyna intermedia Barnes & Benjamin is restricted to Lundbreck, Municipality of Crowsnest Pass, Alberta, Canada.
Project description:Alpha taxonomy, and specifically the delimitation of species, is becoming increasingly objective and integrative. The use of coalescent-based methods applied to genetic data is providing new tools for the discovery and delimitation of species. Here, we use an integrative approach via a combination of discovery-based multivariate morphological analyses to detect potential new species. These potential species are then used as a priori species in hypothesis-driven validation analyses with genetic data. This research focuses on the harvestmen genus Sclerobunus found throughout the mountainous regions of western North America. Based on our analyses, we conduct a revision of Sclerobunus resulting in synonymy of Cyptobunus with Sclerobunus including transfer of S. cavicolens comb. nov. and elevation of both subspecies of S. ungulatus: S. ungulatus comb. nov. and S. madhousensis comb. nov., stat. nov. The three subspecies of S. robustus are elevated, S. robustus, S. glorietus stat. nov., and S. idahoensis stat. nov. Additionally, five new species of Sclerobunus are described from New Mexico and Colorado, including S. jemez sp. nov., S. klomax sp. nov., S. skywalkeri sp. nov., S. speoventus sp. nov., and S. steinmanni sp. nov. Several of the newly described species are single-cave endemics, and our findings suggest that further exploration of western North American cave habitats will likely yield additional new species.