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Anti-VEGFA Therapy Reduces Tumor Growth and Extends Survival in a Murine Model of Ovarian Granulosa Cell Tumor.

ABSTRACT: Although angiogenesis has been proposed as a therapeutic target for the treatment of ovarian granulosa cell tumor (GCT), its potential has not been evaluated in controlled studies. To do so, we used the Pten (tm1Hwu/tm1Hwu); Ctnnb1 (tm1Mmt/+);Amhr2 (tm3(cre)Bhr/+) (PCA) mouse model, which develops GCTs that mimic the advanced disease in women. A monoclonal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) antibody was administered weekly to PCA mice beginning at 3 weeks of age. By 6 weeks of age, anti-VEGFA therapy significantly decreased tumor weights relative to controls (P < .05) and increased survival, with all treated animals but none of the controls surviving to 8 weeks of age. Analyses of PCA tumors showed that anti-VEGFA treatment resulted in significant decreases in tumor cell proliferation and microvessel density relative to controls (P < .05). However, treatment did not have a significant effect on apoptosis or tumor necrosis. The VEGFA receptor 2 (VEGFR2) signaling effector p44/p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), whose activity is associated with cell proliferation, was significantly less phosphorylated (i.e., activated) in tumors from the treated group (P < .05). Conversely, no significant difference was found in the activation of protein kinase B, a VEGFR2 signaling effector associated with cell survival. Together, these results suggest that anti-VEGFA therapy is effective at inhibiting GCT growth in the PCA model and acts by reducing microvascular density and cell proliferation through inhibition of the VEGFR2-MAPK pathway. Findings from this preclinical model therefore support the investigation of targeting VEGFA for the adjuvant treatment of GCT in women.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3660791 | BioStudies | 2013-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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