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Simultaneous determination of polyethylene glycol-conjugated liposome components by using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with UV and evaporative light scattering detection.

ABSTRACT: Liposomes incorporating polyethylene glycol (PEG)-conjugated lipids (PEGylated liposomes) have attracted attention as drug delivery carriers because they show good in vivo stability. The lipid component of PEGylated liposomal formulations needs to be quantified for quality control. In this study, a simple reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with an evaporative light-scattering detector (ELSD) was established for simultaneous determination of hydrogenated soy phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, PEG-conjugated lipid, and hydrolysis products of phospholipid in PEGylated liposomal formulations. These lipids were separated using a C18 column with a gradient mobile phase consisting of ammonium acetate buffer and ammonium acetate in methanol at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min. This method provided sufficient repeatability, linearity, and recovery rate for all lipids. However, the linearity and recovery rates of cholesterol achieved using a ultraviolet (UV) detector were better than those achieved using an ELSD. This validated method can be applied to assess the composition change during the preparation process of liposomes and to quantify lipid components and hydrolysis products contained in a commercially available liposomal formulation DOXIL®. Taken together, this reversed-phase HPLC-UV/ELSD method may be useful for the rapid or routine analysis of liposomal lipid components in process development and quality control.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3665990 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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