ABSTRACT: Catalysis of Cope-type rearrangements of bis-homoallylic hydroxylamines is demonstrated using chiral thiourea derivatives. This formal intramolecular hydroamination reaction provides access to highly enantioenriched ?-substituted pyrrolidine products and represents a complementary approach to metal-catalyzed methods.
Project description:Enantioselective intramolecular hydroamination of N-allenyl ureas catalyzed by an enantiomerically enriched bis(gold) phosphine complex forms pyrrolidine derivatives in good yield with up to 93% ee.
Project description:This report details a general and enantioselective means for the synthesis of alkyl-substituted aziridines. This protocol offers a direct route for the synthesis of alkyl-substituted chiral aziridines from achiral starting materials. Readily accessed allylic hydroxylamine esters undergo copper hydride-catalyzed intramolecular hydroamination with a high degree of regio- and enantiocontrol to afford the aziridine products in good to excellent yields in highly enantioenriched form. The utility of the products derived from this method is further demonstrated through derivatization of the chiral aziridine products to obtain a diverse array of functionalized enantioenriched amines.
Project description:A highly enantio- and regioselective copper-catalyzed hydroamination reaction of alkenes has been developed using diethoxymethylsilane and esters of hydroxylamines. The process tolerates a wide variety of substituted styrenes, including trans-, cis-, and ?,?-disubstituted styrenes, to yield ?-branched amines. In addition, aliphatic alkenes coupled to generate exclusively the anti-Markovnikov hydroamination products.
Project description:We report a Rh-catalyzed hydroamination of 1,3-dienes to generate homoallylic amines. Our work showcases the first case of anti-Markovnikov selectivity in the intermolecular coupling of amines and 1,3-dienes. By tuning the ligand properties and Brønsted acid additive, we find that a combination of rac-BINAP and mandelic acid is critical for achieving anti-Markovnikov selectivity.
Project description:A Rh-catalyzed enantioselective hydroamination of allylamines using a chiral BIPHEP-type ligand is reported. Enantioenriched 1,2-diamines are formed in good yields and with excellent enantioselectivities. A diverse array of nucleophiles and amine directing groups are demonstrated, including deprotectable motifs. Finally, the methodology was demonstrated toward the rapid synthesis of 2-methyl-moclobemide.
Project description:Prochiral ketones are reduced to enantioenriched, secondary alcohols using catecholborane and a family of air-stable, bifunctional thiourea-amine organocatalysts. Asymmetric induction is proposed to arise from the in situ complexation between the borane and chiral thiourea-amine organocatalyst resulting in a stereochemically biased boronate-amine complex. The hydride in the complex is endowed with enhanced nucleophilicity while the thiourea concomitantly embraces and activates the carbonyl.
Project description:The highly enantioselective preparation of trisubstituted pyrrolidine derivatives employing a one-pot nitro-Mannich/hydroamination cascade is reported. This cascade approach utilizes an asymmetric bifunctional organocatalytic nitro-Mannich reaction followed by a gold-catalyzed allene hydroamination reaction. The products are afforded in good yields and excellent diastereo- and enantioselectivities.
Project description:The thiourea-catalyzed asymmetric synthesis of highly enantioenriched spirocyclopentaneoxindoles containing chiral amide functional groups using simple 3-substituted oxindoles and nitrovinylacetamide as starting materials was achieved successfully. This protocol features operational simplicity, high atom economy, and high catalytic asymmetry, thus representing a versatile approach to the synthesis of highly enantioenriched spirocyclopentaneoxindoles.
Project description:Asymmetric, catalytic reactions of oxocarbenium ions are reported. Simple, chiral urea and thiourea derivatives are shown to catalyze the enantioselective substitution of silyl ketene acetals onto 1-chloroisochromans. A mechanism involving anion binding by the chiral catalyst to generate a reactive oxocarbenium ion is invoked. Catalysts bearing tertiary benzylic amide groups afforded highest enantioselectivities, with the optimal structure being derived from enantioenriched 2-arylpyrrolidine derivatives.
Project description:Asymmetric nitrene-transfer reactions are a powerful tool for the preparation of enantioenriched amine building blocks. Reported herein are chemo- and enantioselective silver-catalyzed aminations which transform di- and trisubstituted homoallylic carbamates into [4.1.0]-carbamate-tethered aziridines in good yields and with ee?values of up to 92?%. The effects of the substrate, silver counteranion, ligand, solvent, and temperature on both the chemoselectivity and ee?value were explored. Stereochemical models were proposed to rationalize the observed absolute stereochemistry of the aziridines, which undergo nucleophilic ring opening to yield enantioenriched amines with no erosion in stereochemical integrity.