Efficacy of Telmisartan Plus Amlodipine in Nonresponders to CCB Monotherapy.
ABSTRACT: Hypertensive patients unable to reach blood pressure (BP) targets with antihypertensive monotherapy may be switched to a combination of two medications with complementary modes of action for improved treatment response. This post hoc analysis pools data from 2812 patients, 1891 of whom were not at goal (diastolic BP [DBP] <90?mm?Hg) with amlodipine 5?mg (A5) monotherapy who subsequently switched to telmisartan 40 or 80?mg (T80)/A5 single-pill combination (SPC) or amlodipine 10?mg (A10) monotherapy, and considers an additional 921 patients, 616 of whom were not at goal with A10 monotherapy who switched to telmisartan/amlodipine SPC. Patients switched to telmisartan/amlodipine SPC achieved significantly greater BP reductions compared with continued monotherapy (P < 0.0001) with reductions of -15.2/-10.9?mm?Hg seen with T80/A5 after 8 weeks in patients switched from A5. BP goal (<140/90?mm?Hg), systolic BP goal (<140?mm?Hg), and DBP goal (<90?mm?Hg) were reached by significantly more patients with telmisartan/amlodipine than with monotherapy (P < 0.0001 for all comparisons; 56.1%, 69.7%, and 66.9%, resp., in patients who switched from A5 to T80/A5). Early use of such combination therapy should be considered to quickly reach BP targets, particularly in patients with added risk.
Project description:Objective. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the telmisartan plus amlodipine (T/A) single-pill combination (SPC) in Asian patients with hypertension whose blood pressure (BP) was not adequately controlled on either monotherapy or on low-dose combination therapy. Patients and Methods. Data are presented from five Boehringer Ingelheim-sponsored phase 3, double-blind, 8-week, studies: two studies in nonresponders to amlodipine (data pooled for amlodipine), two studies on nonresponders to telmisartan (pooled data), and one on nonresponders to low-dose T/A SPC. Results. After 8 weeks' treatment, mean reductions from the reference baseline in diastolic BP (DBP; primary endpoint), systolic BP (SBP), and SBP, DBP goal, and response rates were higher with the T/A SPC than respective monotherapies. The T80/A5 SPC resulted in greater reductions in DBP and SBP, and higher DBP goal and response rate than the low-dose T40/A5 SPC. Peripheral edema incidence was low (amlodipine 0.5%, telmisartan 0.0%, and T/A SPC 0.7%). Discussion and Conclusion. In Asian patients whose BP is not adequately controlled with telmisartan or amlodipine monotherapy, T/A SPC treatment results in greater BP reduction, and higher DBP and SBP goal and response rates. The safety and tolerability of the T/A SPC are comparable to those of the respective monotherapies and consistent with those reported in previous studies.
Project description:Two 8-week, randomized, double-blind, controlled studies previously evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of single-pill combinations of telmisartan 40-80 mg/amlodipine 5-10 mg (T40-80/A5-10) in patients with hypertension not at diastolic blood pressure (DBP) goal (DBP <90 mm Hg) after 6 weeks of amlodipine 5 mg monotherapy (A5) (TEAMSTA-5) or amlodipine 10 mg monotherapy (A10) (TEAMSTA-10). The long-term (≥6 months) tolerability and efficacy of single-pill combinations of T40-T80/A5-A10 have now been evaluated in 2 open-label studies in patients who had successfully completed either TEAMSTA-5 or TEAMSTA-10 (TEAMSTA-5 and TEAMSTA-10 Follow-Ups).In the TEAMSTA-5 Follow-Up, 976 patients whose blood pressure was not initially controlled by taking A5 received T40/A5 for 4 or 8 weeks, with consecutive uptitration to T80/A5 if DBP was ≥90 mm Hg. In TEAMSTA-10 Follow-Up, 838 patients not initially achieving blood pressure control using A10 received T40/A10 for 4 weeks before randomization to T40/A10 or T80/A10; after 4 weeks, patients randomized to T40/A10 with DBP ≥90 mm Hg were uptitrated to T80/A10. In both studies, add-on antihypertensive medication was allowed if DBP was not at goal.Treatment compliance in both follow-up studies was ≥98.4%. Single-pill combinations of T40-T80/A5-A10 resulted in additional clinically relevant blood pressure reductions and 67% to 93% of patients achieved DBP goal (<90 mm Hg); only 1% to 19% of patients received additional medication for hypertension, of whom 29% to 76% achieved DBP goal. Long-term treatment with T40-T80/A5-A10 was well tolerated, with comparable adverse event profiles for all telmisartan/amlodipine combinations. The most common drug-related adverse events were peripheral edema (1.9%-3.9%) and dizziness (1.5% in the T80/A5 group only); these were consistent with the known tolerability profiles of telmisartan/amlodipine combinations. Overall treatment discontinuation rates due to adverse events were low (0.7%-1.5%).In patients not achieving DBP goal with either A5 or A10 monotherapy, the vast majority achieved DBP goal with single-pill combinations of T40-T80/A5-A10. Long-term treatment was well tolerated with high compliance, promoting treatment adherence regardless of telmisartan/amlodipine dose. ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT00614380 (TEAMSTA-5 Follow-up) and NCT00624052 (TEAMSTA-10 Follow-up).
Project description:The aim of this study was to compare 80?mg telmisartan/5?mg amlodipine/12.5?mg hydrochlorothiazide (T80/A5/H12.5) with 80?mg telmisartan/12.5?mg hydrochlorothiazide (T80/H12.5) to determine their relative blood pressure (BP) lowering effects in essential hypertensive patients with inadequate control and to evaluate the long-term safety of T80/A5/H12.5 in a 52-week extension period. Patients (n=132) were randomly assigned to receive double-blind treatment with T80/A5/H12.5 or T80/H12.5 for 8 weeks after a 6-week run-in-period of T80/H12.5. All 126 patients who completed the double-blind period entered the 52-week open-label extension and received T80/A5/H12.5. The adjusted mean changes from the reference baseline of the trough-seated systolic and diastolic BP (SBP/DBP) at week 8 were significantly larger in the T80/A5/H12.5 group (-10.6/-8.8?mm?Hg) than in the T80/H12.5 group (-2.3/-1.3?mm?Hg) (P<0.0001). The BP-lowering effect of T80/A5/H12.5 was maintained over the 52-week extension period. The adverse events (AEs) during both treatment periods were generally mild. Drug-related AEs were reported in one patient in each group in the double-blind period and in five patients exposed to T80/A5/H12.5 in the double-blind and/or open-label extension period. T80/A5/H12.5 therapy was clinically and statistically superior to T80/H12.5 therapy for the reduction of BP in patients with essential hypertension uncontrolled with T80/H12.5, and its BP-lowering effect was maintained in the long term. T80/A5/H12.5 was generally well-tolerated.
Project description:The efficacy and safety of telmisartan 80?mg/amlodipine 5?mg plus hydrochlorothiazide 12.5?mg (T80/A5/H12.5) was examined for its ability to treat hypertension in Japanese patients whose hypertension is uncontrolled with telmisartan 80?mg/amlodipine 5?mg (T80/A5). Patients aged ?20 years who had essential hypertension despite taking two or three antihypertensive drugs entered a 6-week run-in period on T80/A5. Patients whose hypertension remained uncontrolled were randomly assigned to either the T80/A5/H12.5 group (n=149) or the T80/A5 group (n=160), once daily for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, patients in the T80/A5/H12.5 group showed a significantly greater adjusted mean reduction in both seated diastolic blood pressure and seated systolic blood pressure than those in the T80/A5 group. Furthermore, more patients achieved a diastolic/systolic blood pressure of <90/140?mm?Hg in the T80/A5/H12.5 group compared with the T80/A5 group. The most common adverse events were nasopharyngitis, elevated blood uric acid levels and hyperuricemia, and the latter two events were more frequent in the T80/A5/H12.5 group than in the T80/A5 group. Overall, T80/A5/H12.5 administered for 8 weeks significantly reduced systolic and diastolic blood pressure and was well tolerated by patients with hypertension uncontrolled with T80/A5.
Project description:Objective. Report of prespecified and post hoc subgroup analyses of a randomized, controlled trial comparing telmisartan 80?mg/hydrochlorothiazide 25?mg (T80/H25) combination therapy with T80 monotherapy, according to the presence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Methods. Hypertensive patients were randomized (2?:?1) to receive T80/H25 or T80 for 6 weeks, following a 1-week, low-dose, and run-in period. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic BP reductions and BP goal achievement were evaluated in patients with CVD risk factors: presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), renal impairment, increased body mass index (BMI), and 10-year estimated risk for coronary heart disease (CHD). Results. In total, 888 patients received treatment. Overall, T80/H25 therapy significantly reduced SBP more than T80 monotherapy, irrespective of patient subgroup. In patients with DM, renal impairment, high BMI, and high CHD risk, BP goal achievement rates (<140/90?mm?Hg) at Week 7, among those treated with T80/H25, were 52.8%, 52.8%, 50.6%, and 38.5%, respectively. More patients with DM reached a guideline-based BP goal (<130/80?mm?Hg) at 7 weeks with T80/H25 than with T80 monotherapy (16.7% versus 8.8%). Rates of treatment-related adverse events were low and comparable across patient subgroups. Conclusions. Antihypertensive treatment with T80/H25 single-pill combination is effective and generally well tolerated, irrespective of the presence of CVD risk factors.
Project description:The single-pill combination (SPC) comprising nebivolol (5 mg), a vasodilatory ?1 -selective antagonist/?3 -agonist, and valsartan (80 mg), a renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor, is the only Food and Drug Administration-approved ?-blocker/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor SPC for hypertension. Additive effects of four nebivolol/valsartan SPC doses (5 mg/80 mg, 5/160 mg, 10/160 mg, 10/320 mg nebivolol/valsartan) were compared with five Food and Drug Administration-approved non-?-blocker/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor SPCs (aliskiren/hydrochlorothiazide, aliskiren/amlodipine, valsartan/amlodipine, aliskiren/valsartan, and telmisartan/amlodipine). Additivity is the ratio of placebo-adjusted SPC blood pressure (BP) reduction to the placebo-adjusted monotherapy component BP reduction sums. A weighted average of comparator scores was calculated and compared vs nebivolol/valsartan. Additivity ratio scores for nebivolol/valsartan SPCs (diastolic BP range: 0.735-0.866; systolic BP range: 0.717-0.822) were similar to the comparator weighted average (diastolic BP: 0.837; systolic BP: 0.825). Among the nebivolol/valsartan SPCs, 5/80 mg had the greatest additivity (diastolic BP: 0.866; systolic BP: 0.822). BP reduction contributions with monotherapy were similar for nebivolol/valsartan 5/80 mg SPC. Additivity scores for nebivolol/valsartan and select non-?-blocker/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor SPCs were comparable.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this work was to describe the efficacy and safety of a telmisartan 80 mg + hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg (T80/H25) single-pill combination therapy in patients with moderate-severe hypertension (mean seated trough cuff systolic blood pressure [BP] ? 160 mmHg and diastolic BP ? 100 mmHg) in specific patient subpopulations. METHODS:This was a planned analysis of a double-blind, multicenter, parallel-group trial that demonstrated the superiority of a single-pill combination of T80/H25 versus T80 monotherapy in terms of systolic BP change from baseline to week 7. Subpopulations included older (aged ? 65 years) versus younger, gender, race, hypertension severity, and prior antihypertensive therapy. Endpoints were change from baseline in mean seated trough cuff systolic and diastolic BP, proportion of patients achieving their BP goal (systolic/diastolic BP < 140/90 mmHg), and proportion of patients attaining systolic BP reductions of >30 mmHg and >40 mmHg. RESULTS:Across all subgroups, the T80/H25 single-pill combination provided consistently greater systolic and diastolic BP reductions than T80 and more patients had systolic BP reductions of >30 mmHg. In the T80 and T80/H25 groups, BP control was achieved in 34.1% and 48.8% of men, 35.5% and 62.7% of women, 34.5% and 56.6% of Asians, 22.6% and 38.6% of blacks, 36.7% and 57.8% of whites, 36.9% and 57.5% of patients < 65 years, 29.3% and 49.3% ?65 years, 44.2% and 66.2% of those with grade 2 hypertension, 20.4% and 39.4% of those with grade 3 hypertension, 38.9% and 53.2% of previously untreated patients, 38.1% and 62.5% of patients previously treated with one antihypertensive, and 29.7% and 48.9% of patients previously treated with two or more antihypertensive agents respectively. Treatment was generally well tolerated across the patient subgroups. CONCLUSION:The T80/H25 single-pill combination provides consistent BP reductions and higher goal attainment rates versus T80 across a range of hypertensive patient subgroups, which are likely to have a positive impact on patients' cardiovascular risk.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The efficacy of a combination of a calcium channel blocker (CCB) plus chlorthalidone (diuretic) versus a CCB plus an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) in patients not responding to CCB monotherapy has not been evaluated previously. We plan to compare the efficacy and safety of S-amlodipine (CCB) plus chlorthalidone versus S-amlodipine plus telmisartan (ARB) combinations among hypertension patients unresponsive to amlodipine monotherapy. METHODS/DESIGN:This study is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, multicenter, parallel, non-inferiority phase 4 study. Hypertension patients who have been treated with amlodipine (5 mg) or S-amlodipine (2.5 mg) monotherapy for ≥2 weeks and whose mean diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is greater than 90 mmHg will be randomized to either S-amlodipine (2.5 mg) plus chlorthalidone (25 mg) or S-amlodipine (2.5 mg) plus telmisartan (40 mg) therapy. The primary efficacy endpoint is mean sitting DBP change after 12 weeks of treatment. The study objective is to prove the non-inferiority of the former combination (test drug) as compared to the latter one (control) with a non-inferiority margin of 3 mmHg in mean DBP change. The secondary endpoints are 6-week DBP change, 6- and 12-week sitting systolic BP (SBP) change, and the attainment of the target BP (SBP < 140 mmHg or DBP < 90 mmHg). Urine albumin, albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR), pulse wave velocity, central BP, 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring, and body fluid composition analysis will be performed at each hospital's discretion. The sample size was estimated as 170 in total with 1:1 randomization. DISCUSSION:This is the first study comparing the efficacy of a CCB plus chlorthalidone versus a CCB plus an ARB in patients who are not responding to CCB single therapy. The study result will help clinicians to choose between chlorthalidone and telmisartan in CCB-unresponsive patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT03226340. Registered on 2 December 2015.
Project description:Antihypertensive monotherapy is often insufficient to control blood pressure (BP). Several recent guidelines advocate for initial combination drug therapy in many patients. This meta-analysis of seven randomized, double-blind studies (N = 5888) evaluated 8 weeks of olmesartan medoxomil (OM)-based single-pill dual-combination therapy (OM+amlodipine/azelnidipine or hydrochlorothiazide) vs OM monotherapy in adults with hypertension. BP-lowering efficacy, goal achievement, and adverse events were assessed in the full cohort and subgroups (elderly/nonelderly and patients with and without chronic kidney disease). In the full cohort at week 8, for dual therapy vs monotherapy, seated BP was lower (137.5/86.1 mm Hg vs 144.4/89.9 mm Hg), and the mean change from baseline in BP and BP goal achievement (<140/90 mm Hg) were greater (-22.7/-15.0 mm Hg vs -16.0/-11.3 mm Hg and 51.2% vs 34.7%, respectively). Adverse events were similar between groups. BP-lowering efficacy among subgroups mirrored the findings in the full cohort whereby changes were significantly greater following OM dual-combination therapy vs OM monotherapy.
Project description:BACKGROUND:G-protein ?-polypeptide 3 (GNB3) is a ? subunit isoform of G-protein that plays important role in signal transduction of membrane G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). The GNB3 splice variant C825T (rs5443) is associated with risk for essential hypertension (EH) and efficacy of therapeutic drugs targeting GPCRs. It is unknown whether the polymorphism is associated with blood pressure (BP) response to telmisartan or amlodipine, two widely prescribed antihypertensive drugs. METHODS:A total of 93 subjects initially diagnosed as EH were recruited and underwent a 4-week treatment with telmisartan (42 patients) or amlodipine (51 patients) monotherapy. Both baseline and after-treatment BP were measured. GNB3 C825T polymorphism was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS:Baseline systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) were comparable among C825T genotypes in both telmisartan and amlodipine treatment groups. Patients with the CT or TT genotypes showed significantly lower body mass index (BMI) as compared with CC homozygotes in both groups (P < 0.05, respectively). GNB3 825TT homozygotes showed significantly higher after-treatment DBP and mean arterial pressure (MAP) than those carrying at least one 825C allele (P < 0.01) in the telmisartan treatment group. No difference in after-treatment SBP, DBP, and MAP levels among C825T genotypes was observed in the amlodipine treatment group. No significant difference in absolute changes in BP levels was observed among the genotypes in either treatment group. CONCLUSION:The GNB3 C825T splice variant is associated with the DBP-lowering effect of telmisartan but not amlodipine in Chinese EH patients.