Lack of associations between two previously identified susceptible single nucleotide polymorphisms of interleukin-23 receptor gene and ankylosing spondylitis: a replication study in a Chinese Han population.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27 gene is considered to be a major gene associated with predisposition to ankylosing spondylitis (AS); however, studies have demonstrated that non-HLA-B27 genes also contribute substantially to the susceptibility to AS. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs1004819 and rs10889677, of the interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) gene have been shown to be associated with AS susceptibility in European populations. However, ethnicity factors contribute to population splitting and genetic variation, and ethnic-specific genetic association studies are needed to validate these associations in patients from different ethnic backgrounds. This study therefore aimed to replicate the associations between these two SNPs and AS susceptibility in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: A total of 195 AS patients and 203 normal controls were recruited in this study. Two IL-23R gene SNPs, rs1004819 and rs10889677 were selected. Genotyping was performed in all subjects using the TaqMan probe method. Genotype and allele frequencies were compared between AS patients and normal controls by ?2 tests. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in either the genotype frequencies (TT 36.4%, TC 48.7% and CC 14.9% in AS patients; TT 35.0%, TC 50.0% and CC 15.0% in normal controls) or allele frequencies (T 60.8% and C 39.2% in AS patients; T 60.0% and C 40.0% in normal controls) of rs1004819 between AS patients and normal controls (P?>?0.05). In addition, both the genotype frequencies (AA 51.3%, AC 43.1% and CC 5.6% in AS patients; AA 57.6%, AC 35.5% and CC 6.9% in normal controls) and allele frequencies (A 72.8% and C 27.2% in AS patients; A 75.4% and C 24.6% in normal controls) of rs10889677 were also comparable between AS patients and normal controls (P?>?0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study found no evidence for an association between either of the two previously identified AS-susceptibility IL-23R SNPs (rs1004819 and rs10889677) and onset of AS, indicating a possible difference in pathogenesis of AS between Chinese and European patients.
Project description:This study aims to investigate the distribution of human leukocyte antigen B27 (HLA-B27) alleles (+/-) and interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) gene rs11209032 and rs1004819 polymorphisms among ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients in a Turkish cohort.The study sample comprised 106 AS patients (89 males, 18 females; mean age 38.9±10 years; range 19 to 65 years) and 82 healthy controls (70 males, 12 females; mean age 32.15±7.07 years; range 19 to 51 years). Distribution of HLA-B27 alleles (+)/(-) in AS patients were observed by reverse hybridization technique. Genotyping of IL-23R rs11209032 and rs1004819 polymorphisms of AS patients and healthy controls were performed by real time polymerase chain reaction.Of the AS patients, 69 (65.1%) were HLA-B27 positive. Distribution of rs11209032 genotype frequencies in AS group were 31.1% for GG, 50.9% for GA, and 17.9% for AA; while in control group, it was 34.1% for GG, 53.7% for GA, and 12.2% for AA. Distribution of rs1004819 genotype frequencies in AS group were 30.2% for CC, 52.8% for CT, and 17.0% for TT; while in control group, it was 42.7% for CC, 46.3% for CT, and 11.0% for TT. There was no significant difference between AS patients and controls in terms of genotype frequencies of IL-23R gene rs11209032 and rs1004819 polymorphisms.No association was found between AS and IL23R rs11209032 and rs1004819 polymorphisms in this Turkish AS cohort.
Project description:IL-23 and its receptor (IL-23R) guide T cells toward the T-helper 17 phenotype. IL-23R single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with several autoimmune diseases, including Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis.Our objective was to determine whether variants in the IL-23R gene are associated with Graves' disease (GD) and Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO).A total of 216 North American Caucasian GD patients and 368 healthy controls were genotyped for four SNPs spanning the IL-23R gene. SNPs rs11209026 and rs7530511 were genotyped using the TaqMan allelic discrimination assays (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA), and SNPs rs2201841 and rs10889677 were genotyped using a fluorescent-based restriction fragment length polymorphism method.The A allele of rs2201841 was present in 78.8% of GD patients with GO and 64.7% of controls [P=1.1x10(-4); odds ratio (OR)=2.04]; the AA genotype was also significantly increased in GO patients compared with controls (62.5 and 41%, respectively; P=1.0x10(-4); OR=2.4). The C allele of rs10889677 was present in 78.6% of GO patients and 64.5% of controls (P=1.3x10(-4); OR=2.03), and the CC genotype was also significantly increased in GO patients vs. controls (62.1 and 41.0%, respectively; P=1.4x10(-4); OR=2.36). The TT genotype of rs7530511 was significantly associated with GD, but not specifically with GO; it was present in 2.5% of GD patients and 0.3% of controls (P=0.02; OR=9.4). The rs11209026 SNP, which is the most strongly associated with Crohn's disease, was not associated with GD or GO in our data set.Variants in the IL-23R gene are strongly associated with GO. These variants may predispose to GO by changing the expression and/or function of IL-23R, thereby promoting a proinflammatory signaling cascade.
Project description:Since a genome-wide association study revealed that Interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) gene is a candidate gene for Ulcerative Colitis (UC), many studies have investigated the association between the IL-23R polymorphisms and UC. However, the results were controversial. The aim of the study was to determine whether the IL-23R polymorphisms confer susceptibility to UC.A systematic literature search was carried out to identify all potentially relevant studies. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the strength of association.A total of 33 studies in 32 articles, including 10,527 UC cases and 15,142 healthy controls, were finally involved in the meta-analysis. Overall, a significant association was found between all UC cases and the rs11209026A allele (OR = 0.665, 95% CI = 0.604~0.733, P < 0.001). Similarly, meta-analyses of the rs7517847, rs1004819, rs10889677, rs2201841, rs11209032, rs1495965, rs1343151 and rs11465804 polymorphisms also indicated significant association with all UC (all P < 0.05). Stratification by ethnicity revealed that the rs11209026, rs7517847, rs10889677, rs2201841 andrs11465804 polymorphisms were associated with UC in the Caucasian group, but not in Asians, while the rs1004819 and rs11209032 polymorphisms were found to be related to UC for both Caucasian and Asian groups. However, subgroup analysis failed to unveil any association between the rs1495965 and rs1343151 polymorphisms and UC in Caucasians or Asians.The meta-analysis suggests significant association between IL-23R polymorphisms and UC, especially in Caucasians.
Project description:The association between the IL-23R and IL-17A polymorphisms and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in the Southwest Chinese Population is still unclear. The purpose of this study is to detect the association between IL-23R and IL-17A polymorphisms and AS. A case-control study consisting of 486 AS patients and 480 healthy controls was performed. We used the high-resolution melting methods (HRM) to genotype five selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs6693831, rs7517847, rs1884444, rs10889677 in the IL-23R gene and rs2275913 in the IL-17A gene. Meanwhile, the laboratory indexes were recorded. In this study, patients with genotype CC (p = 8.574E-8) and allele C (p = 3.206E-31) on SNP rs6693831 (IL-23R) showed decreased risk of AS. The genotype TT (p = 4.551E-6) and allele T (p = 0.02) on SNP rs1884444 (IL-23R) showed significant lower risk of AS. Individuals carrying the allele A of rs2275913 showed higher morbidity of AS (p = 0.04). We first detected that rs6693831 and rs1884444 in IL-23R gene and rs2275913 in IL-17A gene have genetic association with AS.
Project description:Background:Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), which include ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), are inflammatory disorders that affect the gastrointestinal tract. A combination of inflammatory cytokines has an important role in IBD development. Genome-wide association studies have shown that polymorphisms in the interleukin-23R gene (IL-23R) increase susceptibility to IBD. The aim of this study was to investigate the IL-23R 3' UTR SNP to determine a potential association between genotype distribution and IBD. Methods:The case group included 102 IBD patients and the control group included 107 healthy individuals. IL-23R polymorphisms rs10889677 were genotyped using PCR-RFLP analysis. RFLP results were confirmed by direct sequencing. Results:The allele and genotype frequencies in patients and controls were evaluated and compared, and no significant association between this functional rs10889677 polymorphism and risk of IBD was observed (P=0.587; adjusted OR: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.597-1.339). We also found no significant association between CD (14.71%) and UC (85.29%) patients in allele or genotype levels (P>0.05). Conclusion:Our results suggest that the rs10889677 A>C polymorphism is not a potential prognostic marker in Iranian patients with IBD.
Project description:Gout is a self-limiting, auto-inflammatory arthritis induced by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the synovial fluid and periarticular tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between genetic variants in the interleukin (IL) and interleukin receptor (ILR) genes IL-33, IL-1RL1, IL-23R, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 4 (STAT4) and susceptibility to gout in Chinese Han male individuals. The genetic distributions of rs3939286 in IL-33, rs13015714 in IL-1RL1, rs10889677 in IL-23R, and rs7574865 in STAT4 were detected in 1100 men with gout and 1227 ethnically matched controls, using Taqman allelic discrimination real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Differences in these polymorphisms between the groups were investigated using ?(2) tests. The genotype-phenotype relationship among gout patients was tested by analysis of variance. There was a significant difference in genotypic frequencies of IL-23R rs10889677 between gout patients and controls (?(2)?= 81.386, P < 0.001). However, there were no significant differences in distributions of the other polymorphisms between the groups. Our results revealed that the rs10889677 variant in IL-23R may be involved in the development of gout in Chinese Han male individuals. However, further studies in other ethnic groups are needed to confirm these results.
Project description:PURPOSE:Pre-eclampsia is a relatively common pregnancy disorder. Serum concentrations of certain pro-inflammatory molecules and cytokines like interleukin-23 may affect the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. The interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) gene plays an important role in the progression of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases and IL-23 polymorphisms might influence the susceptibility of pre-eclampsia. The aim of the recent study was to establish the association between IL-23R gene polymorphisms and the susceptibility for developing of pre-eclampsia. METHODS:One hundred and fifty-eight pregnant patients with pre-eclampsia and 153 controls were genotyped using RFLP-PCR and AS-PCR. Also, an in silico analysis was performed to predict possible effects of these variations on IL-23R mRNA and protein structures. RESULTS:The frequency of the AG genotype of rs11209026 is related to a higher risk of pre-eclampsia. The mutant C and A allele in rs10889677 and rs11209026 SNPs, respectively, are correlated with the risk of pre-eclampsia and they are more frequent in severe late onset PE. We found higher frequency of the haplotype CG in patients with pre-eclampsia in comparison to healthy controls, as well as, the CG haplotype frequency significantly increased the risk of PE in severe, early onset, and late onset sub-groups. The results of computational analysis predicted rs11209026 and rs10889677 SNPs as functional variations, which can influence IL-23R mRNA and protein. CONCLUSIONS:The results of present study show positive association between polymorphisms in the IL-23R gene and pre-eclampsia. Therefore, the presence of IL-23R rs11209026, rs10889677 polymorphism might be markers for the genetic susceptibility to pre-eclampsia.
Project description:Studies investigating the association between Interleukin-23 receptor (IL-23R) gene polymorphisms and Crohn's disease (CD) report conflicting results. Thus, a meta-analysis was carried out to assess the association between the IL-23R polymorphisms and CD. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies. Pooled odds ratio (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CIs) was used to estimate the strength of association. Finally, a total of 60 case-control studies in 56 articles, involving 22,820 CD patients and 27,401 healthy controls, were included in the meta-analysis. Overall, a significant association was found between all CD and the rs7517847 polymorphism (OR = 0.699, 95% CI = 0.659 ~ 0.741, P < 0.001). Meta-analysis of the rs11209026, rs1343151, rs10489629 and rs11465804 polymorphisms indicated the same pattern as for rs7517847. Meta-analysis showed an association between the rs10889677A allele and CD (OR = 1.393, 95% CI = 1.328 ~ 1.461, P < 0.001). Similarly, meta-analysis of the rs2201840, rs1004819, rs1495965 and rs11209032 polymorphisms revealed the same pattern as that shown by meta-analysis of rs10889677. Stratification by ethnicity revealed that IL-23R gene polymorphisms were associated with CD in the Caucasian group, but not in Asians. In summary, the meta-analysis suggests a significant association between IL-23R polymorphisms and CD, especially in Caucasians.
Project description:Although interleukin (IL)-23 receptor (IL-23R) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple cancers, its association with cancer risk is inconsistent across different studies. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis with the aim of resolving the relationship among the 3 common polymorphisms of IL-23R (rs6682925, rs10889677, rs1884444) and cancer risk.Case-control studies evaluating the association between IL-23R polymorphisms (rs6682925, rs10889677, rs1884444) and cancer risk were searched in the PubMed, Web of Science, and CNKI databases.Data were included in the meta-analysis if they were from original studies adopting a case-control design investigating the association between IL-23R polymorphisms and risk of any cancer; all cancer cases must have been confirmed by histology or pathology, and controls selected from noncancer individuals. Case-only studies and review papers were excluded.Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate the relationship of IL-23R polymorphisms (rs6682925, rs10889677, rs1884444) with cancer risk. A random-effects model or fixed-effects model was used depending on the heterogeneity of the data.Ultimately, 15 studies, involving 8784 cancer patients and 10,321 cancer-free controls, were included in our meta-analysis. In the overall analysis, the rs10889677 polymorphism was associated with breast cancer (BC) under the allelic, homozygous, dominant, and heterozygous models. Rs1884444 polymorphism was relevant to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) under the homozygous, recessive, and allelic models. However, no evidence of a relationship between IL-23R polymorphisms (rs6682925, rs10889677, rs1884444) and cancer risk was found in the overall population.Our meta-analysis provides no evidence supporting a global association of IL-23R polymorphisms (rs6682925, rs10889677, rs1884444) with the risk of cancer. However, rs10889677 may be associated with BC susceptibility and rs1884444 had association with HCC risk. Further large and well-designed studies are warranted to confirm this finding.
Project description:Interleukin-23 receptor (IL23R) can interact with IL-23 and, thus, is involved in the T-helper 17 (Th17) cell-mediated inflammatory process as well as tumorigenesis. Recently, a functional single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs10889677 has been identified in the 3'-untranslated region of IL-23R. It has been showed that the rs10889677AC SNP could increase the binding affinity of microRNA let-7f and downregulate IL-23R expression. Several case-control studies have examined the association between this SNP and genetic susceptibility of multiple solid tumors. However, the conclusions are conflicting. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to systematically study the role of this functional IL-23R SNP in development of multiple solid tumors. There are a total of 5 studies are eligible (6731 cases and 7296 healthy controls). Either fixed-effect model or random-effect model was used to calculate pooled odds ratios (ORs) and the 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Significant association between this functional rs10889677 genetic variant and risk of multiple solid tumors were observed (CC genotype vs. AA genotype: OR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.53-0.66, P < 0.001). These findings demonstrated that the IL-23R rs10889677 genetic variant might play an important part during malignant transformation of multiple solid tumors.