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Fixed-combination brinzolamide 1%/brimonidine 0.2% vs monotherapy with brinzolamide or brimonidine in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension: results of a pooled analysis of two phase 3 studies.

ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To describe pooled efficacy and safety data from two phase 3 studies comparing brinzolamide 1%/brimonidine 0.2% fixed combination (BBFC) with its component medications, brinzolamide and brimonidine, in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. METHODS: Data were pooled from two nearly identical clinical trials comparing BBFC with its component medications, each given three times daily. The 3-month efficacy outcome was mean intraocular pressure (IOP) at 0800, 1000, 1500, and 1700 hours. Safety outcomes included adverse events (AEs), best-corrected visual acuity, examination of ocular structures, pachymetry, perimetry, and vital signs. RESULTS: A total of 1350 patients were enrolled and included in this analysis (BBFC, n=437; brinzolamide, n=458; brimonidine, n=455). Baseline mean IOP levels were similar among the three treatment groups. At 3 months, mean IOP of the BBFC group was significantly lower than that of either monotherapy group (P<0.0001) at all the four time points. A total of 272 patients (20.1%) experienced at least one treatment-related AE (BBFC, 24.6%; brinzolamide, 18.7%; brimonidine, 17.4%), the majority of which were ocular AEs. One serious AE, moderate intensity chest pain, was considered related to brinzolamide treatment and resulted in study discontinuation. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis strengthens the conclusions drawn from the two individual phase 3 studies showing that, in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension, BBFC had significantly superior IOP-lowering activity compared with either brinzolamide or brimonidine alone and a safety profile consistent with that of its individual components.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3709402 | BioStudies | 2013-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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