Neisseria oralis sp. nov., isolated from healthy gingival plaque and clinical samples.
ABSTRACT: A polyphasic analysis was undertaken of seven independent isolates of gram-negative cocci collected from pathological clinical samples from New York, Louisiana, Florida and Illinois and healthy subgingival plaque from a patient in Virginia, USA. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity among these isolates was 99.7-100?%, and the closest species with a validly published name was Neisseria lactamica (96.9?% similarity to the type strain). DNA-DNA hybridization confirmed that these isolates are of the same species and are distinct from their nearest phylogenetic neighbour, N. lactamica. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S and 23S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the novel species belongs in the genus Neisseria. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C16?:?0, summed feature 3 (C16?:?1?7c and/or iso-C15?:?0 2-OH) and C18?:?1?7c. The cellular fatty acid profile, together with other phenotypic characters, further supports the inclusion of the novel species in the genus Neisseria. The name Neisseria oralis sp. nov. (type strain 6332(T) ?=?DSM 25276(T) ?=?LMG 26725(T)) is proposed.
Project description:During the summers of 2013 and 2014, isolates of a novel Gram-stain-negative coccus in the genus Neisseriawere obtained from the contents of nonviable greater white-fronted goose (Anseralbifrons) eggs on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska. We used a polyphasic approach to determine whether these isolates represent a novel species. 16S rRNA gene sequences, 23S rRNA gene sequences, and chaperonin 60 gene sequences suggested that these Alaskan isolates are members of a distinct species that is most closely related to Neisseria canis, Neisseriaanimaloris and Neisseriashayeganii. Analysis of the rplF gene additionally showed that the isolates are unique and most closely related to Neisseriaweaveri. Average nucleotide identity of the whole genome sequence of the type strain was between 71.5 and 74.6?% compared to close relatives, further supporting designation as a novel species. Fatty acid methyl ester analysis showed a predominance of C14?:?0, C16?:?0 and C16?:?1?7c fatty acids. Finally, biochemical characteristics distinguished the isolates from other species of the genus Neisseria. On the basis of these combined data, the isolates are proposed to represent a novel species of the genus Neisseria, with the name Neisseria arctica sp. nov. The type strain is KH1503T (=ATCC TSD-57T=DSM 103136T).
Project description:Two Gram-stain negative, catalase positive, coccus shaped bacteria, designated 10023T and 10010, were isolated from the rectal contents of a plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, phylogenetic trees showed that these two isolates (10023T, 10010) group with members of the genus Neisseria. Additionally, these two isolates exhibited high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Neisseria zalophi CSL 7565T (96.98%), Neisseria wadsworthii WC 05-9715T (96.92%) and Neisseria canis ATCC 14687T (96.79%). Further phylogenetic analysis based on the rplF gene showed that these two novel strains can be easily discriminated from phylogenetically closely related species. Optimal growth was found to occur on BHI agar with 5% defibrinated sheep blood at 37 °C and growth was also observed on nutrient agar, Columbia blood agar and chocolate agar plates; however, growth was not observed on MacConkey agar after 7 days. The major cellular fatty acids of these strains were identified as C16:0 and C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c. The complete genome size of the type strain 10023T is 2,496,444 bp, with DNA G+C content of 54.0 mol %. The average nucleotide identity values were 73.5-79.3% between isolate 10023T and reference Neisseria spp. Based on polyphasic analysis, these isolates (10023T and 10010) are considered to represent a novel species in the genus Neisseria, for which the name Neisseria chenwenguii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 10023T (= DSM 103440T = CGMCC 1.15736T).
Project description:Strains MS586T and MS82, which are aerobic, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, and polar-flagellated bacteria, were isolated from the soybean rhizosphere in Mississippi. Taxonomic positions of MS586T and MS82 were determined using a polyphasic approach. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses of the two strains showed high pairwise sequence similarities (>98%) to some Pseudomonas species. Analysis of the concatenated 16S rRNA, rpoB, rpoD, and gyrB gene sequences indicated that the strains belonging to the Pseudomonas koreensis subgroup (SG) shared the highest similarity with Pseudomonas kribbensis strain 46-2T . Analyses of average nucleotide identity (ANI), genome-to-genome distance, delineated MS586T and MS82 from other species within the genus Pseudomonas. The predominant quinone system of the strain was ubiquinone 9 (Q-9), and the DNA G+C content was 60.48 mol%. The major fatty acids were C16:0 , C17:0 cyclo, and the summed features 3 and 8 consisting of C16:1 ?7c/C16:1 ?6c and C18:1 ?7c/C18:1 ?6c, respectively. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, and diphosphatidylglycerol. Based on these data, it is proposed that strains MS586T and MS82 represent a novel species within the genus Pseudomonas. The proposed name for the new species is Pseudomonas glycinae, and the type strain is MS586T (accession NRRL B-65441 = accession LMG 30275).
Project description:Strain AP-Melu-1000-B4 was isolated from a lake located in the mountains of the Mediterranean island of Corsica (France). Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic traits were investigated. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing referred the strain to the cryptic species complex PnecC within the genus Polynucleobacter. The strain encoded genes for biosynthesis of proteorhodopsin and retinal. When pelleted by centrifugation the strain showed an intense rose colouring. Major fatty acids were C16?:?1?7c, C16?:?0, C18?:?1?7c and summed feature 2 (C16?:?1 isoI and C14?:?0-3OH). The sequence of the 16S rRNA gene contained an indel which was not present in any previously described Polynucleobacter species. Genome sequencing revealed a genome size of 1.89 Mbp and a G+C?content of 46.6?mol%. In order to resolve the phylogenetic position of the new strain within subcluster PnecC, its phylogeny was reconstructed from sequences of 319 shared genes. To represent all currently described Polynucleobacter species by whole genome sequences, three type strains were additionally sequenced. Our phylogenetic analysis revealed that strain AP-Melu-100-B4 occupied a basal position compared with previously described PnecC strains. Pairwise determined whole genome average nucleotide identity (gANI) values suggested that strain AP-Melu-1000-B4 represents a new species, for which we propose the name Polynucleobacter meluiroseus sp. nov. with the type strain AP-Melu-1000-B4T (=DSM 103591T=CIP 111329T).
Project description:Strain MWH-Weng1-1T, isolated from an acidic freshwater habitat located in the Wenger Moor, Austria, was characterized by investigating its phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic traits. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing placed the strain in the cryptic species complex PnecC within the genus Polynucleobacter. The strain had a genome of 2.04 Mbp with a G+C content of 45.6?mol%. The major fatty acids of the strain were C16?:?1?7c, C16?:?0 and C18?:?1?7c. In order to resolve the systematic position of the strain within the species complex PnecC, concatenated partial sequences of eight housekeeping genes were used for phylogenetic analyses. The obtained trees did not place strain MWH-Weng1-1T close to any of the six previously described species within this cryptic species complex. Pairwise whole genome average nucleotide identity comparisons with genome sequences of strains representing the six previously described species of the subcluster resulted throughout in values <78?%, which clearly suggested that strain MWH-Weng1-1T (DSM 24018T=CIP 111099T) represents a novel species. We propose the name Polynucleobacter sphagniphilus sp. nov. and strain MWH-Weng1-1T as the type strain for this new species.
Project description:Meningococcal FetA is an iron-regulated, immunogenic outer membrane protein and vaccine component. The most diverse region of this protein is a previously defined variable region (VR) that has been shown to be immunodominant. In this analysis, a total of 275 Neisseria lactamica isolates, collected during studies of nasopharyngeal bacterial carriage in infants, were examined for the presence of a fetA gene. The fetA VR nucleotide sequence was determined for 217 of these isolates, with fetA apparently absent from 58 isolates, the majority of which belonged to the ST-624 clonal complex. The VR in N. lactamica was compared to the same region in N. meningitidis, N. gonorrhoeae, and a number of other commensal Neisseria. Identical fetA variable region sequences were identified among commensal and pathogenic Neisseria, suggesting a common gene pool, differing from other antigens in this respect. Carriage of commensal Neisseria species, such as N. lactamica, that express FetA may be involved in the development of natural immunity to meningococcal disease.
Project description:Solar panel surfaces, although subjected to a range of extreme environmental conditions, are inhabited by a diverse microbial community adapted to solar radiation, desiccation and temperature fluctuations. This is the first time a new bacterial species has been isolated from this environment. Strain R4DWNT belongs to the genus Sphingomonas and was isolated from a solar panel surface in Boston, MA, USA. Strain R4DWNT is a Gram-negative, non-motile and rod-shaped bacteria that tested positive for oxidase and catalase and forms round-shaped, shiny and orange-coloured colonies. It is mesophilic, neutrophilic and non-halophilic, and presents a more stenotrophic metabolism than its closest neighbours. The major fatty acids in this strain are C18:1?7c/C18:1?6c, C16:1?7c/C16:1?6c?, C14:0 2OH and C16:0. Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the closest type strains to R4DWNT are Sphingomonas fennica, Sphingomonas formosensis, Sphingomonas prati, Sphingomonas montana and Sphingomonas oleivorans with 96.3, 96.1, 96.0, 95.9 and 95.7 % pairwise similarity, respectively. The genomic G+C content of R4DWNT is 67.9 mol%. Based on these characteristics, strain R4DWNT represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas for which the name Sphingomonas solaris sp. nov. is proposed with the type strain R4DWNT (=CECT 9811T=LMG 31344T).
Project description:Various typing methods have been developed for Neisseria gonorrhoeae, but none provide the combination of discrimination, reproducibility, portability, and genetic inference that allows the analysis of all aspects of the epidemiology of this pathogen from a single data set. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) has been used successfully to characterize the related organisms Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria lactamica. Here, the same seven locus Neisseria scheme was used to characterize a diverse collection of N. gonorrhoeae isolates to investigate whether this method would allow differentiation among isolates, and to distinguish these three species.A total of 149 gonococcal isolates were typed and submitted to the Neisseria MLST database. Although relatively few (27) polymorphisms were detected among the seven MLST loci, a total of 66 unique allele combinations (sequence types, STs), were observed, a number comparable to that seen among isolate collections of the more diverse meningococcus. Patterns of genetic variation were consistent with high levels of recombination generating this diversity. There was no evidence for geographical structuring among the isolates examined, with isolates collected in Liverpool, UK, showing levels of diversity similar to a global collection of isolates. There was, however, evidence that populations of N. meningitidis, N. gonorrhoeae and N. lactamica were distinct, with little support for frequent genetic recombination among these species, with the sequences from the gdh locus alone grouping the species into distinct clusters.The seven loci Neisseria MLST scheme was readily adapted to N. gonorrhoeae isolates, providing a highly discriminatory typing method. In addition, these data permitted phylogenetic and population genetic inferences to be made, including direct comparisons with N. meningitidis and N. lactamica. Examination of these data demonstrated that alleles were rarely shared among the three species. Analysis of variation at a single locus, gdh, provided a rapid means of identifying misclassified isolates and determining whether mixed cultures were present.
Project description:The bacterial strain MWH-K35W1T was isolated from a permanently anoxic water layer of a meromictic lake located in the Austrian Salzkammergut area. The basically chemo-organoheterotrophic strain was isolated and maintained under aerobic conditions. Phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA gene and the glutamine synthetase gene (glnA) of the strain suggested an affiliation to the genus Polynucleobacter and the cryptic species complex PnecC. Strain MWH-K35W1T shares with the type strains of the six free-living species of the genus Polynucleobacter affiliated with this species complex 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 99.6-99.9?%, while the type material of the obligate endosymbiont Polynucleobacternecessarius, which is also affiliated with this species complex, shares a gene sequence similarity of 99.1?%. Genome sequencing resulted in a genome size of 2.14 Mbp and a DNA G+C?content of 45.98?mol%. Major fatty acids were C16?:?1?7c, C18?:?1?7c and C16?:?0. This strain is the first strain of the genus Polynucleobacter found to encode a proteorhodopsin-like protein but, in contrast to some other strains affiliated to this genus, it does not encode a putative anoxygenic photosynthesis system. Multilocus sequence analysis based on partial sequences of eight housekeeping genes, as well as average nucleotide identity (ANI) analyses, did not suggest that strain MWH-K35W1T belongs to a previously described species. We propose the name Polynucleobacter aenigmaticus for a novel species with strain MWH-K35W1T (=DSM 24006T=LMG 29706T) as the type strain.
Project description:The genus Salinivibrio belongs to the family Vibrionaceae and includes Gram-stain-negative, motile by a polar flagellum, and facultatively anaerobic curved rods. They are halophilic bacteria commonly found in hypersaline aquatic habitats and salted foods. This genus includes five species and two subspecies. A presumed novel species, strain S35T, was previously isolated from the high-altitude volcanic, alkaline, and saline lake Socompa (Argentinean Andes). In this study we carried out a complete taxonomic characterization of strain S35T, including the 16S rRNA gene sequence and core-genome analysis, the average nucleotide identity (ANIb, ANIm, and orthoANI), and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization (GGDC), as well as the phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterization. It grew at 3%-20% (w/v) NaCl, pH 6-10, and 10-42 °C, with optimum growth at 7.0%-7.5% (w/v) NaCl, pH 8.0, and 37 °C, respectively. Strain S35T was oxidase- and catalase-positive, able to produce acid from D-glucose and other carbohydrates. Hydrolysis of DNA, methyl red test, and nitrate and nitrite reduction were positive. Its main fatty acids were C16:0, C16:1 ?7c and C16:1 ?6c, and C18:1 ?7c and/or C18:1 ?6c. ANI, GGDC, and core-genome analysis determined that strain S35T constitutes a novel species of the genus Salinivibrio, for which the name Salinivibrio socompensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S35T (= CECT 9634T = BNM 0535T).