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LRRFIP2 negatively regulates NLRP3 inflammasome activation in macrophages by promoting Flightless-I-mediated caspase-1 inhibition.


ABSTRACT: The NLRP3 inflammasome is the most characterized inflammasome activated by cellular infection or stress, which is responsible for the maturation of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1? and IL-18. The precise molecular mechanism for negative regulation of NLRP3 inflammasome activation needs to be further defined. Here we identify leucine-rich repeat Fli-I-interacting protein 2 (LRRFIP2) as an NLRP3-associated protein and an inhibitor for NLRP3 inflammasome activation. LRRFIP2 binds to NLRP3 via its N terminus upon NLRP3 inflammasome activation, and also interacts with Flightless-I, a pseudosubstrate of caspase-1, via its Coil motif. Knockdown of Flightless-I significantly promotes NLRP3 inflammasome activation. LRRFIP2 enhances the interaction between Flightless-I and caspase-1, facilitating the inhibitory effect of Flightless-I on caspase-1 activation. Furthermore, silencing of Flightless-I abrogates the inhibitory effect of LRRFIP2 on NLRP3 inflammasome. These data demonstrate that LRRFIP2 inhibits NLRP3 inflammasome activation by recruiting the caspase-1 inhibitor Flightless-I, thus outlining a new mechanism for negative regulation of NLRP3 inflammasome.

SUBMITTER: Jin J 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3753543 | BioStudies | 2013-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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