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Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) on iNKT cells mediates lung ischemia-reperfusion injury.

ABSTRACT: Activation of invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells and signaling through receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) are known to independently mediate lung ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. This study tests the hypothesis that activation of RAGE specifically on iNKT cells via alveolar macrophage-produced high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is critical for the initiation of lung IR injury. A murine in vivo hilar clamp model was utilized, which demonstrated that RAGE(-/-) mice were significantly protected from IR injury. Treatment of WT mice with soluble RAGE (a decoy receptor), or anti-HMGB1 antibody, attenuated lung IR injury and inflammation, whereas treatment with recombinant HMGB1 enhanced IR injury in WT mice but not RAGE(-/-) mice. Importantly, lung dysfunction, cytokine production and neutrophil infiltration were significantly attenuated after IR in J?18(-/-) mice reconstituted with RAGE(-/-) iNKT cells (versus WT iNKT cells). In vitro studies demonstrated that, after hypoxia-reoxygenation, alveolar macrophage-derived HMGB1 augmented IL-17 production from iNKT cells in a RAGE-dependent manner. These results suggest that HMGB1-mediated RAGE activation on iNKT cells is critical for initiation of lung IR injury and that a crosstalk between macrophages and iNKT cells via the HMGB1/RAGE axis mediates IL-17 production by iNKT cells causing neutrophil infiltration and lung IR injury.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3776006 | BioStudies | 2013-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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