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Changes in homologous recombination frequency in Arabidopsis thaliana plants exposed to stress depend on time of exposure during development and on duration of stress exposure.


ABSTRACT: In the past, we showed that exposure to abiotic and biotic stresses changes the homologous recombination frequency (HRF) in somatic tissue and in the progeny. In current work we planned to answer the following question: do stress intensity/duration and time during exposure influence changes in somatic HRF and transgenerational changes in HRF? Here, we tested the effects of exposure to UV-C, cold and heat on HRF at 7, 14, 21 and 28 days post germination (dpg). We found that exposure at 14 and 21 dpg resulted in a higher increase in HRF as compared to exposure at 7 dpg; longer exposure to UV-C resulted in a higher frequency of HR, whereas prolonged exposure to cold or heat, especially at later developmental stages, had almost no effect on somatic HRF. Exposure at 7 dpg had a positive effect on somatic growth of plants; plants exposed to stress at this age had larger leaves. The analysis of HRF in the progeny showed that the progeny of plants exposed to stress at 7 dpg had an increase in somatic HRF and showed larger sizes of recombination spots on leaves. The progeny of plants exposed to UV-C at 7 dpg and the progeny of plants exposed to cold or heat at 28 dpg had larger leaves as compared to control plants. To summarize, our experiments showed that changes in somatic and transgenerational HRF depend on the type of stress plants are exposed to, time of exposure during development and the duration of exposure.

SUBMITTER: Rahavi SM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3781278 | BioStudies | 2013-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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