Dataset Information


The trends and the risk of type 1 diabetes over the past 40 years: an analysis by birth cohorts and by parental migration background in Sweden.

ABSTRACT: To investigate the trends and the risk of developing type 1 diabetes in the offspring of Swedes and immigrants by specific parental migration background, age, sex and birth cohort.Registry-based cohort study.Using Swedish nationwide data we analysed the risk of developing type 1 diabetes in 3 457 486 female and 3 641 304 male offspring between 0 and 30 years of age, born to native Swedes or immigrants and born and living in Sweden between 1969 and 2009. We estimated incidence rate ratios (IRRs) with 95% CIs using Poisson regression models. We further calculated age-standardised rates (ASRs) of type 1 diabetes, using the world population as standard.We observed a trend of increasing ASRs among offspring below 15 years of age born to native Swedes and a less evident increase among offspring of immigrants. We further observed a shift towards a younger age at diagnosis in younger birth cohorts in both groups of offspring.Compared with offspring of Swedes, children (0-14 years) and young adults (15-30 years) with one parent born abroad had an overall 30% and 15-20% lower IRR, respectively, after multivariable adjustment. The reduction in IRR was even greater among offspring of immigrants if both parents were born abroad. Analysis by specific parental region of birth revealed a 45-60% higher IRR among male and female offspring aged 0-30 years of Eastern Africa.Parental country of birth and early exposures to environmental factors play an important role in the aetiology of type 1 diabetes.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3816233 | BioStudies | 2013-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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