Dataset Information


A cell cycle and nutritional checkpoint controlling bacterial surface adhesion.

ABSTRACT: In natural environments, bacteria often adhere to surfaces where they form complex multicellular communities. Surface adherence is determined by the biochemical composition of the cell envelope. We describe a novel regulatory mechanism by which the bacterium, Caulobacter crescentus, integrates cell cycle and nutritional signals to control development of an adhesive envelope structure known as the holdfast. Specifically, we have discovered a 68-residue protein inhibitor of holdfast development (HfiA) that directly targets a conserved glycolipid glycosyltransferase required for holdfast production (HfsJ). Multiple cell cycle regulators associate with the hfiA and hfsJ promoters and control their expression, temporally constraining holdfast development to the late stages of G1. HfiA further functions as part of a 'nutritional override' system that decouples holdfast development from the cell cycle in response to nutritional cues. This control mechanism can limit surface adhesion in nutritionally sub-optimal environments without affecting cell cycle progression. We conclude that post-translational regulation of cell envelope enzymes by small proteins like HfiA may provide a general means to modulate the surface properties of bacterial cells.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3900383 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2016-01-01 | S-EPMC5019048 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6707917 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC6195837 | BioStudies
2013-01-01 | S-EPMC3633684 | BioStudies
2018-01-01 | S-EPMC5763047 | BioStudies
2010-01-01 | S-EPMC2962764 | BioStudies
2017-01-01 | S-EPMC5362036 | BioStudies
1999-01-01 | S-EPMC93487 | BioStudies
2008-01-01 | S-EPMC2580695 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4756760 | BioStudies