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RfaH suppresses small RNA MicA inhibition of fimB expression in Escherichia coli K-12.

ABSTRACT: The phase variation (reversible on-off switching) of the type 1 fimbrial adhesin of Escherichia coli involves a DNA inversion catalyzed by FimB (switching in either direction) or FimE (on-to-off switching). Here, we demonstrate that RfaH activates expression of a FimB-LacZ protein fusion while having a modest inhibitory effect on a comparable fimB-lacZ operon construct and on a FimE-LacZ protein fusion, indicating that RfaH selectively controls fimB expression at the posttranscriptional level. Further work demonstrates that loss of RfaH enables small RNA (sRNA) MicA inhibition of fimB expression even in the absence of exogenous inducing stress. This effect is explained by induction of ?(E), and hence MicA, in the absence of RfaH. Additional work confirms that the procaine-dependent induction of micA requires OmpR, as reported previously (A. Coornaert et al., Mol. Microbiol. 76:467-479, 2010, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2010.07115.x), but also demonstrates that RfaH inhibition of fimB transcription is enhanced by procaine independently of OmpR. While the effect of procaine on fimB transcription is shown to be independent of RcsB, it was found to require SlyA, another known regulator of fimB transcription. These results demonstrate a complex role for RfaH as a regulator of fimB expression.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC3911127 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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MicA sRNA links the PhoP regulon to cell envelope stress.

Coornaert Audrey A   Lu Alisa A   Mandin Pierre P   Springer Mathias M   Gottesman Susan S   Guillier Maude M  

Molecular microbiology 20100325 2

Numerous small RNAs regulators of gene expression exist in bacteria. A large class of them binds to the RNA chaperone Hfq and act by base pairing interactions with their target mRNA, thereby affecting their translation and/or stability. They often have multiple direct targets, some of which may be regulators themselves, and production of a single sRNA can therefore affect the expression of dozens of genes. We show in this study that the synthesis of the Escherichia coli pleiotropic PhoPQ two-com  ...[more]

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