ObjectiveFormulae used to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) underestimate higher GFRs and have not been well-studied in HIV-infected (HIV(+)) people; we evaluated the relationships of HIV infection and known or potential risk factors for kidney disease with directly measured GFR and the presence of chronic kidney disease (CKD).
DesignCross-sectional measurement of iohexol-based GFR (iGFR) in HIV(+) men (n?=?455) receiving antiretroviral therapy, and HIV-uninfected (HIV(-)) men (n?=?258) in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study.
MethodsiGFR was calculated from disappearance of infused iohexol from plasma. Determinants of GFR and the presence of CKD were compared using iGFR and GFR estimated by the CKD-Epi equation (eGFR).
ResultsMedian iGFR was higher among HIV(+) than HIV(-) men (109 vs. 106 ml/min/1.73 m(2), respectively, p?=?.046), and was 7 ml/min higher than median eGFR. Mean iGFR was lower in men who were older, had chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, or had a history of AIDS. Low iGFR (?90 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) was associated with these factors and with black race. Other than age, factors associated with low iGFR were not observed with low eGFR. CKD was more common in HIV(+) than HIV(-) men; predictors of CKD were similar using iGFR and eGFR.
ConclusionsiGFR was higher than eGFR in this population of HIV-infected and -uninfected men who have sex with men. Presence of CKD was predicted equally well by iGFR and eGFR, but associations of chronic HCV infection and history of clinically-defined AIDS with mildly decreased GFR were seen only with iGFR.
SUBMITTER: Margolick JB