Inflammation, caveolae and CD38-mediated calcium regulation in human airway smooth muscle.
ABSTRACT: The pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF?) increases expression of CD38 (a membrane-associated bifunctional enzyme regulating cyclic ADP ribose), and enhances agonist-induced intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) responses in human airway smooth muscle (ASM). We previously demonstrated that caveolae and their constituent protein caveolin-1 are important for ASM [Ca(2+)]i regulation, which is further enhanced by TNF?. Whether caveolae and CD38 are functionally linked in mediating TNF? effects is unknown. In this regard, whether the related cavin proteins (cavin-1 and -3) that maintain structure and function of caveolae play a role is also not known. In the present study, we hypothesized that TNF? effects on CD38 expression and function in human ASM involve caveolae. Caveolar fractions from isolated human ASM cells expressed CD38 and its expression was upregulated by exposure to 20ng/ml TNF? (48h). ASM cells expressed cavin-1 and cavin-3, which were also upregulated by TNF?. Knockdown of caveolin-1, cavin-1 or cavin-3 (using siRNA) all significantly reduced CD38 expression and ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity in the presence or absence of TNF?. Furthermore, caveolin-1, cavin-1 and cavin-3 siRNAs reduced [Ca(2+)]i responses to histamine under control conditions, and blunted the enhanced [Ca(2+)]i responses in TNF?-exposed cells. These data demonstrate that CD38 is expressed within caveolae and its function is linked to the caveolar regulatory proteins caveolin-1, cavin-1 and -3. The link between caveolae and CD38 is further enhanced during airway inflammation demonstrating the important role of caveolae in regulation of [Ca(2+)]i and contractility in the airway.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC3926667 | BioStudies |