Enhanced p22phox expression impairs vascular function through p38 and ERK1/2 MAP kinase-dependent mechanisms in type 2 diabetic mice.
ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes is associated with vascular complication. We hypothesized that increased nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase subunit p22(phox) expression impairs vascular endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) in type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetic (db(-)/db(-)) and control (db(-)/db(+)) mice were treated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, polyethylene glycol superoxide dismutase (1,000 U/kg daily ip), or small interfering RNA p22(phox) (p22(phox)-lentivirus-small interfering RNA, 100 ?g iv, 2 times/wk) for 1 mo. EDR was impaired in microvascular bed (coronary arteriole and femoral and mesenteric resistance arteries) from diabetic mice compared with control. Interestingly, ROS scavenger and p22(phox) downregulation did not affect blood glucose level or body weight but significantly improved EDR. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (ERK1/2 and p38) phosphorylation and NADPH oxidase activity were increased in arteries from diabetic mice and were reduced after ROS scavenger or p22(phox) downregulation in db(-)/db(-) mice. The present study showed that enhanced p22(phox) expression causes vascular dysfunction through ERK1/2 and p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent mechanisms in male type 2 diabetic mice. Therefore, p22(phox) could be an important target to improve vascular function in diabetes.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC3962637 | BioStudies |