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Anatomic double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using in situ hamstring graft with 4 tunnels.


ABSTRACT: A careful review of the literature suggests that a significant number of patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction have less-than-optimal results. Although overall outcomes of ACL reconstruction are favorable, there remains considerable room for improvement. Anatomically, the ACL consists of 2 major functional bundles, the anteromedial bundle and the posterolateral bundle. Biomechanically, both bundles contribute significantly to the anterior and rotational stability of the knee. Therefore anatomic double-bundle ACL reconstruction techniques may further improve the outcomes in ACL surgery. This article presents a technique for arthroscopic double-bundle ACL reconstruction that includes the use of 2 femoral and 2 tibial tunnels to restore both the anteromedial and posterolateral bundles of the ACL with minimal hardware for fixation.

SUBMITTER: Wagih AM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC3986487 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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