Icotinib is an active treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer: a retrospective study.
ABSTRACT: Icotinib hydrochloride is a novel epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with preclinical and clinical activity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This retrospective analysis was performed to assess the efficacy of icotinib on patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).82 consecutive patients treated with icotinib as first (n = 24) or second/third line (n = 58) treatment at three hospitals in Nanjing were enrolled into our retrospective research. The Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) was used to evaluate the tumor responses and the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier method.Median PFS was 4.0 months (95% CI 2.311-5.689). Median OS was 11.0 months (95% CI 8.537-13.463) in this cohort. Median PFS for first and second/third line were 7.0 months (95% CI 2.151-11.8) and 3.0 months (95% CI 1.042-4.958), respectively. Median OS for first and second/third line were 13.0 months (95% CI 10.305-15.695) and 10.0 months (95% CI 7.295-12.70), respectively. In patients with EGFR mutation (n = 19), icotinib significantly reduced the risk of progression (HR 0.36, 95% CI 0.18-0.70, p = 0.003) and death (HR 0.10, 95% CI 0.02-0.42, p = 0.002) compared with those EGFR status unknown (n = 63). The most common adverse events were acne-like rash (39.0%) and diarrhea (20.7%).Icotinib is active in the treatment of patients with NSCLC both in first or second/third line, especially in those patients harbouring EGFR mutations, with an acceptable adverse event profile.
Project description:The response to icotinib in advanced non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) with EGFR uncommon mutation (EGFRum) is unclear. Here we reported the efficacy and potential resistance mechanism of icotinib in Chinese EGFRum NSCLC patients. Between July 2013 and November 2016, 3117 NSCLC patients were screened for EGFRum in a multi-center study in China. Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) was detected and analyzed using next-generation sequencing (NGS) after progression from icotinib. The efficacy, safety and the potential resistance mechanism of icotinib were explored. After a median follow-up of 6.2 months, 69 patients (70.41%) developed disease progression, the objective rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were 13.27% and 29.59% respectively, and the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.5 months (95% CI: 1.2-13.0 months). Both complex-pattern with EGFR classical mutations (EGFRcm) and single-pattern have better PFS than complex-pattern without EGFRcm (median PFS was 7.2 (95% CI: 4.65-9.75), 5.2 (95% CI: 3.24-7.16) and 3.2 (95% CI: 2.97-3.44) months, respectively, P < .05); patients harboring S768I mutation had the worst PFS than others (2.0 months, P < .05). Diarrhea was the most frequent side effect (42.9%). Forty-eight (69.6%) patients developed drug resistance after 3.0 months and 81.2% of them acquired T790M mutation. Better response was observed in complex-pattern with the EGFRcm group. S768I mutation carriers may not benefit from icotinib. Acquired T790M mutation was common in icotinib-resistant EGFRum NSCLC patients.
Project description:EGFR-TKIs and radiation therapy (RT) are the principal treatment for patients with brain metastases (BM) and EGFR mutant NSCLC. However, the optimal use of brain RT for patients with asymptomatic BM remains undefined. A total of 152 patients were identified. 58 patients were excluded. Of the remaining 97 patients, 56 patients received upfront RT followed by icotinib, including WBRT or SRS. 41 patients received icotinib therapy alone. The mOS from diagnosis of BM was 27.0 months for the whole cohort (95% CI, 23.9-30.1 months). There was no difference in OS between the RT followed by icotinib group and the icotinib alone group (31.9 vs. 27.9 months, P = 0.237), and similar results were found in the SRS subgroup (35.5 vs. 27.9 months, P = 0.12). Patients with the EGFR Del19 mutation had a longer OS than patients with the exon 21 L858R mutation (32.7 vs. 27.4, P = 0.037). Intracranial progression-free survival (PFS) was improved in the patients who received RT followed by icotinib compared to those receiving icotinib alone (22.4 vs. 13.9 months, P = 0.043). Patients with EGFR-mutant adenocarcinoma and BM treated with icotinib exhibited prolonged survival. A longer duration of intracranial control was observed with brain RT.
Project description:Previous studies have suggested that a variety of tumor driver genetic alterations affected the treatment efficacy of chemotherapy and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The present study aimed to investigate the association between the tumor genetic alteration landscape and the treatment outcome of first-line chemotherapy and EGFR-TKIs in advanced NSCLC. A total of 94 patients with advanced NSCLC were recruited. All patients received first-line chemotherapy and/or EGFR-TKIs (either first- or second-generation EGFR-TKI, or third-generation EGFR-TKI) alone or sequentially. Prior to chemotherapy and/or EGFR-TKI treatment, plasma, effusion and/or tumor tissues from the included patients were subjected to next-generation sequencing, targeting 59 genes. The results indicated that the positive genetic alteration status prior to first-line chemotherapy was associated with prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) time compared with the negative status [9.1 vs. 4.0 months; hazard ratio (HR)=6.68; 95% CI, 2.25-19.82; P=0.001). Furthermore, patients with EGFR activating mutation harboring concomitant alterations exhibited a shorter PFS (11.1 vs. 7.4 months; HR=2.14; 95% CI, 1.03-4.44; P=0.04) and overall survival (OS) time [not reached (NR) vs. 32.8 months; HR=4.30; 95% CI, 1.41-13.16; P=0.01] than those without concomitant alterations, with first- and second-generation EGFR-TKI treatment. Similarly, patients with T79M mutation harboring concomitant alterations exhibited a shorter PFS (15.6 vs. 3.6 months; HR=9.48; 95% CI, 2.29-39.28; P=0.002) and OS time (NR vs. 32.8 months; HR=4.85; 95% CI, 1.16-20.29; P=0.03) with osimertinib treatment. Taken together, the results demonstrated that positive genetic alteration status predicted greater efficacy of first-line chemotherapy, while concomitant genetic alterations were associated with poor treatment outcome for first- or second-generation EGFR-TKI and third-generation EGFR-TKI treatment.
Project description:Background: To determine the clinical activity and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) combined with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) in patients with advanced pulmonary adenocarcinoma (ADC) and the ability of CHM combined with EGFR-TKI to activate EGFR mutations. Methods: Three hundred and fifty-four patients were randomly assigned to EGFR-TKI (erlotinib 150 mg/d, gefitinib 250 mg/d, or icotinib 125 mg tid/d) plus CHM (TKI+CHM, N = 185) or EGFR-TKI plus placebo (TKI+placebo, N = 169). Progression-free survival (PFS) was the primary end point; the secondary end points were overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), quality of life [Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Lung (FACT-L) and Lung Cancer Symptom Scale (LCSS)], and safety. Results: The median PFS was significantly longer for the TKI+CHM group (13.50 months; 95% CI, 11.20-16.46 months) than with the EGFR-TKI group (10.94 months; 95% CI, 8.97-12.45 months; hazard ratio, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.51-0.90; P = 0.0064). The subgroup analyses favored TKI+CHM as a first-line treatment (15.97 vs. 10.97 months, P = 0.0447) rather than as a second-line treatment (11.43 vs. 9.23 months, P = 0.0530). Patients with exon 19 deletion had a significantly longer PFS than with 21 L858R. The addition of CHM to TKI significantly improved the ORR (64.32% vs. 52.66%, P = 0.026) and QoL. Drug-related grade 1-2 adverse events were less common with TKI+CHM. Conclusions: TKI+CHM improved PFS when compared with TKI alone in patients with EGFR mutation-positive advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT01745302.
Project description:Approximately 10% of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are uncommon EGFR mutations. Although the efficacy of second (2G) or third generation (3G) EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in the patients with uncommon EGFR mutation has been proven, further studies are warranted to define the optimal treatment approach for uncommon EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. This study retrospectively investigated the treatment patterns and outcomes of patients with uncommon EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC from January 2011 to December 2019 at the Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. During the study, 2121 patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC received first-generation (1G, gefitinib or erlotinib) or 2G EGFR-TKI (afatinib) as the first-line (1L) systemic therapy. Of this, 135 (6.4%) patients harbored uncommon EGFR mutations. Of 135, 54 (40%, 54/135) patients had overlapping mutations with major EGFR mutations. The objective response rate (ORR) for the 1L EGFR-TKI was 63.3%. The median progression-free survivals (PFSs) were 8.6 months (95% CI: 3.8-13.5), 11.7 months (95% CI: 6.6-16.7), 7.7 months (95% CI: 4.9-17.4), and 5.0 months (95% CI: 3.7-6.1) for major uncommon EGFR mutation (G719X, L861Q), compound mutation with major EGFR mutation (Del 19 or EGFR exon 21 p.L858R), other compound mutation, and other uncommon mutations, respectively. The median overall survivals (OSs) were 25.6 months (16.9-34.2), 28.8 (95% CI: 24.4-33.4), 13.5 months (95% CI: 7.4-27.8), and 9.4 months (95% CI: 3.4-10.5) for major uncommon EGFR mutation (G719X), compound mutation with major EGFR mutation (Del 19 or EGFR exon 21 p.L858R), other compound mutation, and other uncommon mutations, respectively. The response rate, median PFS, and OS were 63.3%, 16.3 months (95% CI: 15.6-16.9), and 37.5 months (95% CI: 35.4-39.6) for common EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. After failing 1L EGFR-TKI, repeated tissue or liquid biopsy were carried out on 44.9% (35/78) of patients with T790M detected in 10/35 (28.6%) patients. With subsequent 3G EGFR-TKI after failing the first-line EGFR-TKI, the ORR and PFS for 3G EGFR-TKI were 80% and 8.9 months (95% CI: 8.0-9.8). These patients showed a median OS of 34.6 months (95% CI: 29.8-39.4). The ORR, PFS and OS were poorer in patients with uncommon (especially other compound and other uncommon mutation) than those with common EGFR mutations. T790M was detected in 28.6% of the uncommon EGFR mutation-positive patients for whom prior 1G/2G EGFR-TKIs failed and underwent repeat biopsy at the time of progression.
Project description:Introduction:Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer death in China. Four epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors - afatinib, erlotinib, icotinib, and gefitinib - are available for first-line treatment of NSCLC in China; however, there are few data to guide treatment choice. The Phase III LUX-Lung 6 trial compared afatinib with platinum-based chemotherapy for first-line treatment of patients from Southeast Asia with EGFR mutation-positive advanced NSCLC. This post hoc analysis assessed the findings from LUX-Lung 6 in Chinese patients. Clinical trial registration:ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01121393. Materials and methods:Previously untreated patients with EGFR mutation-positive stage IIIB/IV lung adenocarcinoma were randomized 2:1 to receive afatinib or ?6 cycles of gemcitabine/ cisplatin. The key outcomes were progression-free survival (PFS; primary), objective response rate, disease control rate, overall survival (OS), duration of response and disease control, patient-reported outcomes, and safety. Three hundred and twenty-seven patients from mainland China were treated (89.8% of overall LUX-Lung 6 population; afatinib 217, gemcitabine/cisplatin 110). Results:PFS was significantly longer with afatinib than gemcitabine/cisplatin (median 11.0 versus 5.6 months; hazard ratio [HR], 0.30 [95% CI, 0.21, 0.43]; P,0.0001). Overall, there was no significant difference in OS between treatment arms; however, in a subgroup analysis, afatinib significantly improved OS versus gemcitabine/cisplatin in patients with an EGFR Del19 mutation (median 31.6 versus 16.3 months; HR, 0.61 [95% CI, 0.41, 0.91]; P=0.0146). Afatinib was well tolerated, with most treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) being of grade 1 or 2 severity. The most common grade 3/4 TRAEs with afatinib were rash/acne (15.9%/0.5%), stomatitis (6.1%/0%), and diarrhea (5.6%/0%). TRAEs leading to permanent discontinuation were reported in 12 patients (5.6%) receiving afatinib and 43 (41.7%) receiving gemcitabine/cisplatin. Afatinib significantly improved PFS compared with standard first-line chemotherapy in Chinese patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC and demonstrated a manageable safety profile. Conclusion:The findings support the rationale for using afatinib as a first-line treatment option for this patient population.
Project description:Several EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) including erlotinib, gefitinib, afatinib and icotinib are currently available as treatment for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who harbor EGFR mutations. However, no head to head trials between these TKIs in mutated populations have been reported, which provides room for indirect and integrated comparisons.We searched electronic databases for eligible literatures. Pooled data on objective response rate (ORR), progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) were calculated. Appropriate networks for different outcomes were established to incorporate all evidences. Multiple-treatments comparisons (MTCs) based on Bayesian network integrated the efficacy and specific toxicities of all included treatments.Twelve phase III RCTs that investigated EGFR-TKIs involving 1821 participants with EGFR mutation were included. For mutant patients, the weighted pooled ORR and 1-year PFS of EGFR-TKIs were significant superior to that of standard chemotherapy (ORR: 66.6% vs. 30.9%, OR 5.46, 95%CI 3.59 to 8.30, P<0.00001; 1-year PFS: 42.9% vs. 9.7%, OR 7.83, 95%CI 4.50 to 13.61; P<0.00001) through direct meta-analysis. In the network meta-analyses, no statistically significant differences in efficacy were found between these four TKIs with respect to all outcome measures. Trend analyses of rank probabilities revealed that the cumulative probabilities of being the most efficacious treatments were (ORR, 1-year PFS, 1-year OS, 2-year OS): erlotinib (51%, 38%, 14%, 19%), gefitinib (1%, 6%, 5%, 16%), afatinib (29%, 27%, 30%, 27%) and icotinib (19%, 29%, NA, NA), respectively. However, afatinib and erlotinib showed significant severer rash and diarrhea compared with gefitinib and icotinib.The current study indicated that erlotinib, gefitinib, afatinib and icotinib shared equivalent efficacy but presented different efficacy-toxicity pattern for EGFR-mutated patients. Erlotinib and afatinib revealed potentially better efficacy but significant higher toxicities compared with gefitinib and icotinib.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with brain metastases is very poor. Currently, therapeutic methods for this patient population include whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT), surgery, radiosurgery and systemic treatment. Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) could be effective on cerebral metastases of mutated NSCLC. However, which EGFR-TKIs is more appropriate is still unknown. METHODS:We conducted a retrospective analysis of advanced NSCLC patients with brain metastases for EGFR targeted therapy from November 2013 to April 2018 at Dongguan People's Hospital, Southern Medical University, China. A total of 43 patients were recruit in this study. Among them, 21 cases received icotinib (125?mg, thrice a day) and 22 cases received gefitinib (250?mg, once a day) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary end point of this study was intracranial PFS (iPFS). The relationships between therapeutic arms and patients characteristics were performed using Pearson's chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. The differences in PFS among the two arms were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier curves and log rank tests. RESULTS:There was no significant difference of intracranial ORR (66.6% versus 59.1%, P?=?0.62) and DCR (85.7% versus 81.8%, P?=?0.73) between the two arms. The median intracranial PFS (iPFS) for icotinib and gefitinib arms were 8.4?months (95% CI, 5.4 to 11.3?months) and 10.6?months (95% CI, 6.3 to 14.8?months), respectively (P?=?0.17). Adverse events of the two study arms were generally mild. None of the patients experienced dose reduction of EGFR-TKIs. CONCLUSIONS:Our study showed that icotinib and gefitinib had similar efficacy for brain metastasis of EGFR mutated NSCLC. Large randomized studies are suggested to further illuminate the effect of these two EGFR-TKIs on cerebral lesions of NSCLC.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:There is no standard care for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation in the third line. Our study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of gefitinib as a third-line re-challenge treatment for advanced NSCLC patients with EGFR mutation. MATERIALS AND METHODS:It was a multicenter, open-label, single-arm, phase II study. Stage IIIB/IV NSCLC patients with EGFR exon 19del/L858R mutation, who had benefited from first-line gefitinib treatment followed by second-line chemotherapy, received gefitinib 250?mg/d. The primary objective was disease control rate (DCR) at week 8. RESULTS:Predefined DCR was achieved in 69.8% (95% confidence interval, 49.87-74.91) patients and objective response rate was reported in 4.7% (95% confidence interval, 0.78-13.06) patients. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.4 months and overall survival (OS) was 10.3 months. Baseline T790M-negative patients achieved favorable DCR compared with T790M-positive patients (78.1% vs. 45.5%, P=0.0418), significantly longer median PFS (4.7 vs. 2.0?mo, P=0.0009) and median OS (15.2 vs. 7.7?mo, P=0.0132). We observed a negative correlation of PFS (r=-0.4396, P=0.0032), and OS (r=-0.3630, P=0.0167) with mutation abundance of exon 19del/L858R at baseline. CONCLUSIONS:Re-challenge with gefitinib is effective and could be a choice for third-line patients after the first-line EGFR-TKI treatment and second-line chemotherapy, especially for the T790M-negative patients.
Project description:Phase-IV, open-label, single-arm study (NCT01203917) to assess efficacy and safety/tolerability of first-line gefitinib in Caucasian patients with stage IIIA/B/IV, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).gefitinib 250 mg day(-1) until progression. Primary endpoint: objective response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints: disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and safety/tolerability. Pre-planned exploratory objective: EGFR mutation analysis in matched tumour and plasma samples.Of 1060 screened patients with NSCLC (859 known mutation status; 118 positive, mutation frequency 14%), 106 with EGFR sensitising mutations were enrolled (female 70.8%; adenocarcinoma 97.2%; never-smoker 64.2%). At data cutoff: ORR 69.8% (95% confidence interval (CI) 60.5-77.7), DCR 90.6% (95% CI 83.5-94.8), median PFS 9.7 months (95% CI 8.5-11.0), median OS 19.2 months (95% CI 17.0-NC; 27% maturity). Most common adverse events (AEs; any grade): rash (44.9%), diarrhoea (30.8%); CTC (Common Toxicity Criteria) grade 3/4 AEs: 15%; SAEs: 19%. Baseline plasma 1 samples were available in 803 patients (784 known mutation status; 82 positive; mutation frequency 10%). Plasma 1 EGFR mutation test sensitivity: 65.7% (95% CI 55.8-74.7).First-line gefitinib was effective and well tolerated in Caucasian patients with EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC. Plasma samples could be considered for mutation analysis if tumour tissue is unavailable.