Arthroscopic lateral meniscus root repair with soft suture anchor technique.
ABSTRACT: Meniscus root tear leads to circumferential hoop tension loss and increases femorotibial contact force, which causes irreversible cartilage degeneration. Biomechanical studies have shown that meniscus root repair provides better femorotibial contact force than meniscectomy. Many techniques for meniscus root repair have been published in recent years. The soft suture anchor is widely used in the glenoid labral repair. It is a small low-profile soft anchor. This article presents a new and simple technique of lateral meniscus root repair using the small soft anchor, which results in an anatomic and more vertical anchor position. It avoids instrument-related complications, such as cartilage delamination, material reaction, metal retention, and hard suture anchor pullout.
Project description:The biomechanical consequences of a tear of the posterior root of the medial meniscus are comparable to that of a complete meniscectomy. The integrity of the meniscal roots is crucial to enable the important function of load sharing and shock absorption. An untreated root tear leads to extrusion and loss of function of the meniscus causing early degenerative arthritis of the respective knee compartment. Meniscal root repair can be achieved by 2 main techniques: indirect fixation using pullout sutures through a transtibial tunnel with extracortical fixation and direct fixation using suture anchors. Pullout sutures are prone to elongation or abrasion of the suture material due to the length of the bone tunnel. Current suture anchor techniques are challenging as they require an additional posterior portal with higher risk of damage to neurovascular structures. Even with the use of specially designed curved passing devices, secure insertion of the anchor is difficult. We present a technique for suture anchor refixation of the posterior root of the medial meniscus without the need for an additional posterior portal.
Project description:Tear of the meniscal root results in loss of circumferential hoop tension in the meniscus and increased tibiofemoral contact pressure, leading to cartilage wear. Repair of the meniscal root can restore function of the meniscus. Many techniques for root repair have recently been described. We present a technique for root repair using a transtibial socket and knotless suture technique that can be performed through standard arthroscopy portals.
Project description:Medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) is now attracting increased attention as a risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis. However, the healing rate after root repair by the suture anchor technique or the pull-out technique is still low. Here we report on a technique of MMPRT repair using suture anchor combined with arthroscopic meniscal centralization and open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO). The purposes of this technique are (1) to distribute the meniscal hoop tension between the root repair site and the centralization site and (2) to reduce the load on medial meniscus by OWHTO. The routine exposure for OWHTO with superficial medial collateral ligament release creates good visualization for arthroscopic root repair. The first anchor is inserted on the medial edge of the medial tibial plateau, and the second anchor is inserted on the root attachment through a posteromedial portal. After tying the knots, OWHTO could be performed without interference between the suture anchors and the screws of the plate for fixing the osteotomy. Although further follow-up is required, this technique could improve the outcomes after root repair, as well as have some technical advantages.
Project description:Radial tears increase tibiofemoral contact pressure and disrupt the ability of the meniscus to withstand hoop stress, leading to earlier-onset osteoarthritis. Repair of radial tears is problematic because they have a lower healing rate and lack a single gold standard technique. However, when a radial tear is proximal to the root, there is an opportunity to convert it into a root tear. This is ideal because root tears fixed through a transtibial tunnel technique have improved clinical outcomes and reduced rates of osteoarthritis. This Technical Note and accompanying video describe a method for repairing a radial tear near the meniscus root by converting a radial tear to a root tear followed by a pull-out root repair through a transtibial tunnel. This method restores the meniscus root, allowing it to withstand hoop stress. Our technique uses a disposable root repair kit that includes a FlipCutter, a Knee Scorpion Suture Passer, a 4.75-mm SwiveLock anchor tap, a SutureLasso, a PassPort Cannula, 0 FiberLink sutures, and TigerLink sutures.
Project description:Double radial tears of the lateral meniscus are rare injuries that typically occur in the setting of an acute anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Full-thickness radial tears of the meniscus body and root render the meniscus nonfunctional from a loss of hoop stress resistance. Repair of these tears can normalize contact pressures in the lateral compartment and delay arthritic changes. We describe our technique for repairing a lateral meniscus body radial tear and concomitant posterior root tear, via inside-out suture repair and transtibial suture repair, respectively. This investigation was performed at Mayo Clinic.
Project description:Medial meniscal root injury is known to cause an increase in tibiofemoral contact pressure and results in early osteoarthritis. There have been many reports on meniscal root repairing techniques, which can be categorized into 2 groups. One is transosseous suture, and the other is anchor suture repair. Both techniques show improvement in not only clinical performance, but also radiographic finding. However, the meniscal root repair procedure must be performed by experienced physicians. Most techniques require a posteromedial portal, which takes time and may even complicate the procedure. The technique proposed in this study provides a simple procedure in which no posteromedial portal is required and a soft anchor suture, a commonly used suture in glenolabral repair, is used. The use of this suture, instead of the conventional anchor suture, is believed to lessen possible injury to the cartilage and results in easier revision surgery.
Project description:Medial meniscus posterior root tear is one of the underestimated knee injuries in terms of incidence. Despite its grave sequelae, using simple but effective technique can maintain the native knee joint longevity. In the current note, a 2-simple-suture pullout technique was used to effectively reduce the meniscus posterior root to its anatomic position. The success of the technique depended on proper tool selection as well as tibial tunnel direction that allowed easier root suturing and better suture tensioning, without inducing any iatrogenic articular cartilage injury or meniscal tissue loss. Using anterior knee arthroscopy portals, anterolateral as a viewing portal and anteromedial as a working portal, a 7-mm tibial tunnel starting at Gerdy tubercle and ending at the medial meniscus posterior root bed was created. The 2 simple sutures were retrieved through the tunnel and tensioned and secured over a 12-mm-diameter washer at the tibial tunnel outer orifice. Anatomic reduction of the medial meniscus posterior root tear was confirmed arthroscopically intraoperatively and radiologically by postoperative magnetic resonance imaging.
Project description:Full radial posterior lateral meniscus root tears are frequently associated with injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament. Left unrepaired, they result in loss of the meniscus hoop stress function and can lead to overload of the lateral compartment and early degenerative changes. Arthroscopic suture repairs show successful results with long-term follow-up. However, previously described suture repair techniques have often required special instrumentation and can be technically demanding. This Technical Note describes the use of an accessory portal through the patellar tendon as a safe and easy method for repairing full posterior radial tears of the lateral meniscus.
Project description:Medial meniscus posterior root tears are common injuries, especially in the Asian world. This injury must be repaired where indicated to restore knee biomechanics and prevent arthritis. Suturing the meniscus using suture tapes provides good hold of the tissue. The use of a 70° arthroscope and creation of a transseptal portal improve visualization of the posterior compartment. Creation of a high posteromedial portal achieves the correct trajectory for the suture anchor insertion. A knotless suture anchor can be used to fix the posterior root at its anatomic attachment site. This obliterates the need for transtibial drilling for a suture pull-out repair or for knot tying and suture shuttling as for a conventional suture anchor.
Project description:The meniscal roots are critical in maintaining the normal shock absorbing function of the meniscus. If a meniscal root tear is left untreated, meniscal extrusion can occur rendering the meniscus nonfunctional resulting in degenerative arthritis. Two main repair techniques are described: (1) suture anchors (direct fixation) and (2) sutures pulled through a tibial tunnel (indirect fixation). Meniscal root repair using a suture anchor technique is technically challenging requiring a posterior portal and a curved suture passing device that can be difficult to manipulate within the knee. We present a technique for posterior medial meniscus root repair using 3 sutures (1 leader, 2 cinch), standard arthroscopy portals, and transtibial fixation. Overall, this technique simplifies a challenging procedure and allows for familiarity and efficiency.