Endoscopic ultrasound for cavernous hemangioma of rectum.
ABSTRACT: Lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleed due to hemangioma in rectum is an uncommon problem. A 19-year-old female patient presented with history of recurrent episodes of lower GI bleeding 1-2 times/month for last 3 years. At the time of hospitalization her vital signs were normal and rectal examination revealed frank blood. Investigations revealed a hemoglobin level of 8.9 g/dL and normal coagulation parameters. Colonoscopy showed bluish reddish elevated nodular lesions limited to distal rectum. Magnetic resonance imaging and endoscopic ultrasound showed cavernous hemangioma.
Project description:INTRODUCTION:Hemangioma is a benign tumor made up of blood vessels and typically occurs as a slightly elevated purplish or reddish area of skin. Hemangioma is mostly found superficially; subcutaneous hemangioma in the nasal dorsum is rare. CASE PRESENTATION:In West Nusa Tenggara Regional Hospital, the authors found two cases of subcutaneous hemangioma in patients of very different ages. The first patient was a 2-year-old Sasak girl, and the other was a 40-year-old Sasak man. The pediatric patient was treated with an elliptical approach, whereas the adult patient was treated with lateral rhinotomy extended by an elliptical approach to remove the hemangioma and ligate the feeding arteries. After surgery, the adult patient was followed up for 5?months, whereas the pediatric patient was followed up for 3?months. The results for both patients were good, with minimal scar formation. CONCLUSION:Despite the limitations of technology and human resources in a remote area of Indonesia, the surgical approach used in these cases produced good outcomes for both patients.
Project description:We report an unusual presentation of an orbital cavernous hemangioma in a 26-year-old female, who noted sudden redness and swelling of the left eye (LE) on waking up. At presentation, upper eyelid edema with periorbital ecchymosis and subconjunctival hemorrhage were noted in the LE. Although there was transient symptomatic relief with topical medications, blurring of vision developed in the LE. When seen 10 days later, the patient's LE showed axial proptosis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intraconal soft tissue mass in the superomedial quadrant of the left orbit. Superior orbitotomy with mass excision was done; histopathological examination of the excised mass revealed a cavernous hemangioma. The patient had complete visual recovery following surgery. To our knowledge, an acute presentation of an orbital cavernous hemangioma with subconjunctival hemorrhage and periorbital ecchymosis has not previously been reported.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Cavernous hemangioma are the most common benign lesions of the orbit. Their surgical resection is still challenging and several surgical approaches have been proposed. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present the case of a 59-year-old woman with a cavernous hemangioma of the orbital apex, which was diagnosed incidentally. The hemangioma was extraconal and involved mainly the medial orbital apex; it also extended to the pterygoid fossa, to the middle fossa, to the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses. The surgical resection was performed by a pure endoscopic transphenoidal, transmaxillary, transethmoidal approach, achieving a total removal. The patient had a transient and incomplete paresis of the VI cranial nerve on the left side and did not experience other postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: The endoscopic endonasal approach proved successful in the management of this case and it should be considered in the surgical management of extraconal orbital apex lesions with medial or inferior extension.
Project description:Introduction:Hemangioma is a common benign tumor of blood vessels, that rarely develops in the oropharynx. Cavernous hemangioma is characterized by thin-walled dilated blood vessels lined with endothelial cells. Case report:We report a case of a 46 years-old woman who was admitted to our department with a complaint of chronic dysphonia and dysphagia. Clinical examination, radiological investigations and thyroid scintigraphy found a mass of the tongue base, compatible with a lingual thyroid. Treatment consisted of surgical excision through a cervical approach. The histopathological examination found a cavernous hemangioma. Conclusion:Though hemangioma is very rare in the base of tongue, it should be a part of the differential diagnosis while investigating a lesion in the oral cavity and the oropharynx, alongside the other possibilities.
Project description:Cavernous hemangioma (CH) of the thymus is an extremely rare congenital venous malformation. Related symptoms are non-specific and patients are often asymptomatic. The diagnosis is difficult to make either by non-invasive or mini-invasive procedures. Surgical resection is usually required for diagnosis and treatment. We report a case of a 46-year-old men with an incidental finding of an anterior mediastinal tissue mass on chest computed tomography scan. A complete surgical resection of the mass was performed. Histopathological examination concluded to a thymic CH.
Project description:Backgrounds/Aims:While minimal invasive surgery has become popular, the feasibility of laparoscopy for liver cavernous hemangioma has not been shown. Methods:Patients who underwent hepatectomy for liver cavernous hemangioma from January 2008 to February 2019 at the Samsung Medical Center were reviewed. Patients who underwent trisectionectomy were excluded. Background characteristics, along with operative and postoperative recovery, were compared between the laparoscopy and open surgery groups. Results:Forty-three patients in the laparoscopy group and 33 patients in the open surgery group were compared. The differences in the background characteristics were presence of symptoms (14.6% in laparoscopy vs. 57.1% in open, p<0.001) and tumor location (right, left and both side p=0.017). The laparoscopy group had smaller blood loss (p=0.001), lesser blood transfusion requirements (p=0.035), lower level of post-operative total bilirubin, prothrombin time (INR) (p=0.001, 0.003 each), shorter hospital stay (p=0.001), earlier soft diet start (p<0.001), earlier drain removal (p<0.001) and shorter amount and duration of additional pain control (p=0.001, p=0.017 each). There was no significant difference in complication after surgery between two groups (p=0.721). All the patients showed pathologic report of benign hemangioma regardless of type of surgery (100%). Almost every patients reported no symptom or relief of symptom in both groups (97.7%, 93.9% each). Conclusions:Laparoscopic liver resection for liver cavernous hemangioma can be safely performed with improved postoperative recovery. However, surgery for liver cavernous hemangioma should be conducted with informed consent of the patients.
Project description:Intraosseous cavernous hemangioma is a rare cause of osteolytic lesions of the skull, and its multifocal type is even more infrequent. This tumor is difficult to accurately diagnose by imaging and can be confused with osteolytic Langerhan's cell histiocytosis or other neoplasms. Here we present a case of multifocal intraosseous cavernous hemangioma of the skull treated with surgical intervention in our hospital five years ago. A review of related literatures and case reports is also provided to help clarify the diagnosis and devise treatment regimens. In light of the difficulties of early diagnosis, early en bloc surgical removal is recommended.
Project description:Introduction Hemangiomas are vascular malformations, with slow blood flow, that can occur in any part on the body. They are more common in women and, predominantly, are isolated lesions. The malformation does not spontaneously regress. Subcutaneous hemangioma is a rare variant with an aggressive growth pattern that sometimes recurs after excision. Objective Case report of a subcutaneous cavernous hemangioma in the nasal dorsum treated with endoscopic rhinoplasty. Case Report A 27-year-old woman had a fibroelastic tumor mass in the midline of the nasal dorsum, which was pulsatile; she had obstruction and nasal congestion with associated rhinorrhea, with evolution and worsening over the previous 2 years. Computed tomography showed a tumor demarcated in the nasal dorsum without evidence of intracranial communication. Endoscopic rhinoplasty with septoplasty and associated paranasal sinus sinusectomy was performed without arteriography embolization, sclerotherapy, or laser. Pathologic diagnosis showed cavernous hemangioma. Postoperative follow-up shows no recurrence at 3 years. Discussion This case presented with atypical features, thus making the diagnosis a challenge. Imaging studies were required to confirm the vascular nature of the tumor. Excisional biopsy is the procedure of choice for pathologic examination. Subcutaneous hemangiomas never involute and always need treatment. The surgical approach is exceptional because there was no preoperative diagnosis. In addition, the closed technique provided best aesthetic results in this case. Conclusion Endoscopic rhinoplasty is suitable for nasal dorsum tumor resection and has superior aesthetic result to open techniques.
Project description:Aim to investigate the pathogenesis of BLEL of the lacrimal gland, which is a kind of IgG4 related disease. A prospective study. Orbital Cavernous Hemangioma Tissues (nine continuous cases) vs. Benign Lymphoepithelial Lesions of the Lacrimal Gland tissues (nine continuous cases). Duplicate chips were used for each RNA sample.
Project description:Urinary hemangiomas are uncommon and can predispose any part of the urinary system. The urethra is infrequently involved and usually affected male urethra. We reported a sixty-three-year-old female patient with intermittent urethral bleeding due to tumor arising at the edge of the urethra. Urethrocystoscopy was done prior to surgical resection and ventral vaginal graft urethroplasty was performed directly afterwards. Histopathological reported a urethral cavernous hemangioma. An individualized approach regarding the most appropriate procedure for a given patient should be recommended.