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Reactions of three halogenated organophosphorus flame retardants with reduced sulfur species.


ABSTRACT: Tris(haloalkyl)phosphates (THAPs) are among the most widely used flame retardants in the U.S. They have been identified as one of the most frequently detected contaminants in U.S. streams. These contaminants are of toxicological concern in sensitive coastal ecosystems such as estuaries and salt marshes. It is likely that reactions with reduced sulfur species such as polysulfides (Sn(2-)) and bisulfide (HS(-)), present in anoxic subregions of coastal water bodies could have a significant impact on rates of removal of such contaminants, especially since no significant degradation reactions in the environment (e.g., hydrolysis, biological degradation) is reported for these compounds. The kinetics of the reaction of reduced sulfur species with three structurally related THAPs have been determined in well-defined aqueous solutions under anoxic conditions. Reactions were monitored at varying concentrations of reduced sulfur species to obtain second-order rate constants from the observed pseudo-first order rate constants. The degradation products were studied with GC-FID and LC-MS. The reactivity of Sn(2-), thiophenolate, and HS(-) were compared and steric, as well as electronic factors are used to explain the relative reactivity of the three THAPs with these three sulfur species.

SUBMITTER: Saint-Hilaire D 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4110515 | BioStudies | 2013-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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