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Integrin-?5?1 is not required for mural cell functions during development of blood vessels but is required for lymphatic-blood vessel separation and lymphovenous valve formation.

ABSTRACT: Integrin ?5?1 is essential for vascular development but it remains unclear precisely where and how it functions. Here, we report that deletion of the gene encoding the integrin-?5 subunit (Itga5) using the Pdgfrb-Cre transgenic mouse line, leads to oedema, haemorrhage and increased levels of embryonic lethality. Unexpectedly, these defects were not caused by loss of ?5 from Pdgfrb-Cre expressing mural cells (pericytes and vascular smooth muscle cells), which wrap around the endothelium and stabilise blood vessels, nor by defects in the heart or great vessels, but were due to abnormal development of the lymphatic vasculature. Reminiscent of the pathologies seen in the human lymphatic malformation, fetal cystic hygroma, ?5 mutants display defects both in the separation of their blood and lymphatic vasculature and in the formation of the lymphovenous valves. As a consequence, ?5-deficient mice develop dilated, blood-filled lymphatic vessels and lymphatic capillaries that are ectopically covered with smooth muscle cells. Analysis of the expression of Pdgfrb during lymphatic development suggests that these defects probably arise from loss of ?5?1 integrin in subsets of specialised Prox1(+)Pdgfrb(+) venous endothelial cells that are essential for the separation of the jugular lymph sac from the cardinal vein and formation of the lymphovenous valve leaflets.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4113717 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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