Stereoselective formation of trisubstituted vinyl boronate esters by the acid-mediated elimination of ?-hydroxyboronate esters.
ABSTRACT: The copper-catalyzed diboration of ketones followed by an acid-catalyzed elimination leads to the formation of 1,1-disubstituted and trisubstituted vinyl boronate esters with moderate to good yields and selectivity. Addition of tosic acid to the crude diboration products provides the corresponding vinyl boronate esters upon elimination. The trisubstituted vinyl boronate esters are formed as the (Z)-olefin isomer, which was established by subjecting the products to a Suzuki-Miyaura coupling reaction to obtain alkenes of known geometry.
Project description:BCl3 is an inexpensive electrophile which induces the borylative cyclization of a wide range of substituted alkynes to regioselectively form polycycles containing synthetically versatile C(sp(2) )?boronate esters. It proceeds rapidly, with good yields and is compatible with a range of functional groups and substitution patterns. Intermolecular 1,2-carboboration of alkynes is also achieved using BCl3 to generate trisubstituted vinyl boronate esters.
Project description:A method for the direct methylation of aryl, heteroaryl, and vinyl boronate esters is reported, involving the reaction of iodomethane with aryl-, heteroaryl-, and vinylboronate esters catalyzed by palladium and PtBu2Me. This transformation occurs with a remarkably broad scope and is suitable for late-stage derivatization of biologically active compounds via the boronate esters. The unique capabilities of this method are demonstrated by combining carbon-boron bond-forming reactions with palladium-catalyzed methylation in a tandem transformation.
Project description:The copper-catalyzed diboration of aldehydes was used in conjunction with the Matteson homologation, providing the efficient synthesis of ?-hydroxyboronate esters. The oxygen-bound boronate ester was found to play a key role in mediating the homologation reaction, which was compared to the ?-hydroxyboronate ester (isolated hydrolysis product). The synthetic utility of the diboration/homologation sequence was demonstrated through the oxidation of one product to provide a 1,2-diol.
Project description:A Cu-catalyzed method for enantioselective boronate conjugate additions to trisubstituted alkenes of acyclic alpha,beta-unsaturated carboxylic esters, ketones, and thioesters is disclosed. All transformations are promoted by 5 mol % of a chiral monodentate NHC-Cu complex, derived from a readily available C(1)-symmetric imidazolinium salt, and in the presence of commercially available bis(pinacolato)diboron. Reactions are efficient (typically, 60% to >98% yield after purification) and deliver the desired beta-boryl carbonyls in up to >98:2 enantiomer ratio (er). Processes involving unsaturated thioesters proceed with higher enantioselectivity (vs carboxylic esters or ketones), and the resulting products can be functionalized by Ag-mediated or Pd-catalyzed reactions that furnish the derived carboxylic ester or various ketones. Routine oxidation affords beta-hydroxy ketones or carboxylic esters, ketone aldol products that cannot be otherwise prepared efficiently by an alternative catalytic enantioselective protocol.
Project description:A stereodivergent coupling reaction between vinyl halides and boronic esters is described. This coupling process proceeds without a transition-metal catalyst, instead proceeding by electrophilic selenation or iodination of a vinyl boronate complex followed by stereospecific syn or anti elimination. Chiral, nonracemic boronic esters could be coupled with complete enantiospecificity. The process enables the highly stereoselective synthesis of either the E or Z alkene from a single isomer of a vinyl coupling partner.
Project description:The catalytic enantioselective diboration of vinyl boronate esters furnishes chiral tris(boronates) in a selective fashion. Subsequent deborylative alkylation occurs in a diastereoselective fashion, both for intermolecular and intramolecular processes.
Project description:1-Alkenyl-1,1-heterobimetallics are potentially very useful in stereoselective organic synthesis but are relatively unexplored. Introduced herein is a practical application of 1-alkenyl-1,1-heterobimetallic intermediates in the synthesis of versatile cyclopropyl alcohol boronate esters, which are valuable building blocks. Thus, hydroboration of 1-alkynyl-1-boronate esters with dicyclohexylborane generates 1-alkenyl-1,1-diboro species. In situ transmetalation with dialkylzinc reagents furnishes 1-alkenyl-1,1-borozinc heterobimetallic intermediates. Addition of the more reactive ZnC bond to aldehydes generates the key B(pin) substituted allylic alkoxide intermediates. An in situ alkoxide directed cyclopropanation proceeds with the formation of two more CC bonds, affording cyclopropyl alcohol boronate esters with three new stereocenters in 58-89% isolated yields and excellent diastereoselectivities (>15:1 dr). Oxidation of the BC bond provides trisubstituted alpha-hydroxycyclopropyl carbinols as single diastereomers in good to excellent yields (75-93%). Facile pinacol-type rearrangement of the alpha-hydroxycyclopropyl carbinols provides access to both cis- and trans-2,3-disubstituted cyclobutanones with high stereoselectivity (>17:1 dr in most cases) from a common starting material. This methodology has been applied in the synthesis of quercus lactones A and B.
Project description:A highly stereoselective boron-Wittig reaction between stable and readily accessible 1,1-bis(pinacolboronates) and aldehydes furnishes a variety of synthetically useful di- and trisubstituted vinyl boronate esters.
Project description:A catalytic, enantioselective method for the preparation of chiral, non-racemic, alkylboronic esters bearing two vicinal stereogenic centers is described. The reaction proceeds via a 1,2-migration of a zwitterionic thiiranium-boronate complex to give exclusively anti carbosulfenylation products. A broad scope of aryl groups migrate with good yield and excellent enantioselectivity (up to 99:1 e.r.). Similarly, a range of di- and trisubstituted alkenylboronic esters are competent reaction partners. This method provides access to both secondary and tertiary chiral alkylboronic esters.
Project description:A two-step procedure for deprotection of alkylpinacolyl boronate esters via transesterification with diethanolamine followed by hydrolysis was successfully developed with the advantages of tolerance to various functional groups, short reaction time, and ease of product isolation.