FCGR3A 158V/F polymorphism and response to frontline R-CHOP therapy in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
ABSTRACT: The influence of Fc gamma receptor IIIA (FCGR3A) 158V/F polymorphisms on the response to rituximab (R) plus CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone; R-CHOP) therapy in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is uncertain. Thus, a retrospective study and a meta-analysis were performed to examine the possible correlation between FCGR3A 158V/F polymorphism and the response rate of R-CHOP regimen in patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL. The genotypes of FCGR3A 158V/F in 164 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP were determined in this retrospective study. Additionally, a meta-analysis of current and previously published studies was conducted. Overall response rate (complete and partial response, ORR) and complete response rate (CR) were evaluated. The results of our retrospective study showed lack of correlation between FCGR3A 158V/F polymorphism and ORR (p=0.78) or CR (p=0.76) with R-CHOP therapy. A meta-analysis of 731 cases also showed lack of significant association of ORR and CR in all genetic models with FCGR3A 158V/F polymorphism. In survival analysis, the homozygous F genotype correlated with a shorter progression-free survival than that of non-F/F genotype (p=0.05), this was significant for the non-GC subset of DLBCL (p=0.04), but no association was found between overall survival and FCGR3A 158V/F polymorphism. Further analysis with nonsuperiority test (p<0.0001) suggested that FCGR3A 158V/F polymorphism was not associated with better ORR or CR in newly diagnosed DLBCL patient treated with R-CHOP. No clear relationship was found between FCGR3A 158V/F polymorphism and response to frontline R-CHOP therapy in patients with DLBCL.
Project description:The causes and mechanisms of late-onset neutropenia (LON) following rituximab treatment in patients with rheumatic diseases are not known. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of established Fc? receptor gene (FCGR) polymorphisms and B-cell-activating factor (BAFF) gene promoter polymorphisms for the development of LON and for the efficacy of rituximab in patients with rheumatic diseases.A single-center case-control retrospective study was nested in a cohort of 214 consecutive patients with rheumatic diseases treated with rituximab. Eleven patients presented with LON. Fifty non-LON control subjects were matched by diagnosis, age, sex, and treatments. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of FCGR (FCGR2A 131H/R, FCGR2B 232I/T, FCGR3A 158V/F) and BAFF promoter polymorphism -871C/T were analyzed with polymerase chain reaction-based techniques, and serum immunoglobulin M (IgM) and BAFF levels were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Flare-free survival was related to LON occurrence and polymorphisms.The FCGR3A V allele, but not other FCGR polymorphisms, correlated with the occurrence of LON; each V allele conferred a fourfold increased OR for LON (p?=?0.017). FCGR3A 158V/V and presentation with LON were associated with a longer flare-free survival (p?=?0.023 and p?=?0.031, respectively). FCGR3A 158V/V was related to lower IgM levels (p?=?0.016). Serum BAFF levels showed no relationship with LON and BAFF -871C/T promoter polymorphism. There was a tendency toward longer flare-free survival in patients with the BAFF -871T/T allotype compared with the C/T or C/C allotypes (p?=?0.096).The results of the present study suggest that presentation with LON may be a result of the intrinsic efficacy of rituximab in patients with rheumatic diseases. LON could indicate a longer biological and therapeutic activity of rituximab modulated by a certain genotypic polymorphism: the high-affinity FCGR3A V allele. This genotype and the occurrence of LON are both related to longer flare-free survival, suggestive of common mechanisms for LON and duration of response to rituximab. The role of the BAFF -871C/T promoter polymorphism in LON occurrence is unclear.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) present with poor clinical outcome and intolerance to intensive chemotherapy. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) show anti-lymphoma activities and can be applied to treat DLBCL. This study aimed to evaluate efficacy and safety of oral HDACI tucidinostat (formerly known as chidamide) plus R-CHOP (CR-CHOP) in elderly patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL (International Prognostic Index???2). RESULTS:Among 49 patients, the complete response rate was 86%, with overall response rate achieving 94%. The 2-year progression survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 68% (95% CI 52-79) and 83% (95% CI 68-91). Comparing with historical control (NCT01852435), the 2-year PFS and OS rates of double-expressor lymphoma phenotype (DEL) were improved, and negative prognostic effect of histone acetyltransferases CREBBP/EP300 mutations was also mitigated by CR-CHOP. Grade 3-4 neutropenia was reported in 171, grade 3-4 thrombocytopenia in 27, and grade 3 anemia in 11 of 283 cycles. No grade 4 non-hematological adverse event was reported. CONCLUSION:CR-CHOP is effective and safe in elderly patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL. Relevance of DEL phenotype and molecular biomarkers on CR-CHOP response warrants further investigation in DLBCL. Trial registration ClinicalTrial.gov, NCT02753647. Registered on April 28, 2016.
Project description:Standard treatment of transplant-eligible patients with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) consists of rituximab and platinum-based chemotherapy, either ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide (ICE) or dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin (DHAP), with autologous transplant consolidation for those with chemosensitive disease. Nonetheless, outcomes are suboptimal for patients failing rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). We performed a multi-center phase II trial investigating the safety and efficacy of ofatumumab, a monoclonal antibody against CD20, combined with ICE or DHAP second-line therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL, grade 3b follicular lymphoma, or transformed follicular lymphoma. Sixty-one patients were treated with either ofatumumab-ICE (35) or ofatumumab-DHAP (26). The overall response rate (ORR) was 61%, and the complete response (CR) rate was 37%. In patients with 2 or 3 adverse risk factors according to the second-line, age-adjusted, international prognostic index, the ORR was 59% and CR 31%, and in patients with early-relapsing or primary refractory disease, the ORR was 55% and CR 30%. Toxicity was largely hematologic, and stem cell mobilization was successful in 43 of 45 patients. Substitution of ofatumumab for rituximab in standard second-line regimens following failure of R-CHOP is a promising approach. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00823719.
Project description:BACKGROUND:R-CHOP has significantly improved survival rates of patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) by ~20% as compared to CHOP. CD20 antigen, highly expressed on more than 80% of B-cell lymphomas, is the target for rituximab. The goal of our study was to examine polymorphism in the CD20 gene in Chinese DLBCL population and whether CD20 gene polymorphism is associated with clinical response to R-CHOP. METHOD:CD20 gene polymorphism was detected in the entire coding regions including 6 exons by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-sequencing assay in 164 patients with DLBCL. Among them, 129 patients treated with R-CHOP as frontline therapy (R???4 cycles) were assessable for the efficacy. RESULTS:Polymorphisms at three single nucleotides (SNP) were identified in the entire coding regions of the CD20 gene in the 164 patients. One of them, CD20 Exon2  was found to be highly correlated with response to R-CHOP. Patients with homozygous C genotype showed a trend toward higher overall response rate than others with CT plus TT genotype (90.6% vs. 79.5%; P =0.166). A trend toward higher complete remission (CR) rate was observed in patients with homozygous C genotype (67.4%) compared with CT plus TT genotype (47.1%) (P?=?0.091). CONCLUSION:These results suggest that there are 3 SNPs in CDS of the CD20 gene in Chinese DLBCL population. The CC genotype at Exon2  appears to be associated with favourable response to R-CHOP.
Project description:Cryptococcus neoformans is one of the most common causes of fungal disease in HIV-infected persons, but not all of those who are infected develop cryptococcal disease (CD). Although CD4(+) T cell deficiency is a risk factor for HIV-associated CD, polymorphisms of phagocytic Fc gamma receptors (FCGRs) have been linked to CD risk in HIV-uninfected persons. To investigate associations between FCGR2A 131 H/R and FCGR3A 158 F/V polymorphisms and CD risk in HIV-infected persons, we performed PCR-based genotyping on banked samples from 164 men enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS): 55 who were HIV infected and developed CD and a matched control group of 54 who were HIV infected and 55 who were HIV uninfected. Using additive and allelic statistical models for analysis, the high-affinity FCGR3A 158V allele was significantly associated with CD status after adjusting for race/ethnicity (odds ratio [OR], 2.1; P = 0.005), as was the FCGR3A 158 VV homozygous genotype after adjusting for race/ethnicity, rate of CD4(+) T cell decline, and nadir CD4(+) T cell count (OR, 21; P = 0.005). No associations between CD and FCGR2A 131 H/R polymorphism were identified. In binding studies, human IgG (hIgG)-C. neoformans complexes exhibited more binding to CHO-K1 cells expressing FCGR3A 158V than to those expressing FCGR3A 158F, and in cytotoxicity assays, natural killer (NK) cells expressing FCGR3A 158V induced more C. neoformans-infected monocyte cytotoxicity than those expressing FCGR3A 158F. Together, these results show an association between the FCGR3A 158V allele and risk for HIV-associated CD and suggest that this polymorphism could promote C. neoformans pathogenesis via increased binding of C. neoformans immune complexes, resulting in increased phagocyte cargo and/or immune activation.HIV-associated CD4(+) T cell deficiency is a sine qua non for HIV-associated cryptococcal disease (CD), but not all patients with CD4(+) T cell deficiency develop CD despite serological evidence of previous infection. At present, there are no biomarkers that predict HIV-associated CD risk. The goal of our study was to understand whether Fc gamma receptor (FCGR) polymorphisms that have been shown to portend CD risk in HIV-uninfected people are associated with CD risk in HIV-infected people. Such biomarkers could identify those who would benefit most from targeted prophylaxis and/or earlier treatment, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, where there are nearly a million cases of HIV-associated CD annually. A biomarker of risk could also identify potential candidates for immunization, should there be a vaccine for Cryptococcus neoformans.
Project description:Previously we showed that alveolar macrophages (AMs) from patients with chronic beryllium disease (CBD) and beryllium sensitization (BeS) demonstrated significantly greater cell surface CD16 (encoded by the FCGR3A gene) than controls. We hypothesized that these differences were related to polymorphisms in the FCGR3A gene. This study was to determine the association between FCGR3A polymorphisms in CBD, BeS versus controls as well as clinical data, providing potential information about disease pathogenesis, risk, and activity. A total of 189 CBD/154 BeS/150 controls (92 Be-exposed non-diseased and 58 healthy controls) were included in this study. Sequence-specific primers polymerase chain reaction (PCR-SSP) was used to determine FCGR3A 158V/F polymorphisms. We found significantly higher frequencies of the 158V allele (OR: 1.60 (CI: 1.17-2.19), p?=?0.004) and 158VV homozygotes (OR: 2.97 (CI: 1.48-5.97) p?=?0.007) in CBD versus controls. No differences were found in the frequencies of FCGR3A alleles or genotypes between BeS versus controls and CBD versus BeS. Average changes in exercise testing maximum workload (Wlm), maximum oxygen consumption (VO2m), and diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) demonstrated greater decline over time in those CBD cases with the 158VV gene, modeled between 10 and 40 years from first beryllium exposure. The FCGR3A V158F polymorphism is associated with CBD compared to BeS and controls and may impact lung function in CBD.
Project description:Standard therapy for gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is considered to be chemotherapy with or without involved-field radiation therapy. Although R-CHOP therapy alone is widely used for DLBCL with gastric lesions (DLBCL-GL), the outcome and incidence of treatment-related gastric complications following R-CHOP are not well known. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome after R-CHOP therapy in patients with gastric DLBCL including gastric complications and to identify risk factors for the complications. Consecutive patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL-GL treated with R-CHOP between 2003 and 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. DLBCL-GL was defined only when pathologically confirmed in the stomach. Of the 96 patients with DLBCL-GL, 63 patients were diagnosed with gastric symptoms. Eighty-eight patients (92%) completed six to eight cycles of R-CHOP. The complete remission (CR) rate was 86%, and 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were 80% and 73%, respectively. Patients were well stratified according to the Revised International Prognostic Index (R-IPI). Complication rate was 8% (8/96); seven patients had bleeding and three had stenosis. No patients had gastric perforation. Bleeding occurred during the first cycle of R-CHOP in five patients (5/7, 71%). Patients with gastric complications had a lower R-CHOP completion rate (50%, P = 0.001) and a lower CR rate (25%, P < 0.001) than those without complications. A low serum albumin level at diagnosis was the only risk factor identified for gastric complications (P = 0.001) and six of the eight patients with complications were shown to be at stage IV. Further studies of DLBCL-GL are warranted to identify patients at high risk for gastric complications and to provide better treatment strategies.
Project description:The FCGR3A-V158F and FCGR2A-H131R polymorphisms are associated with clinical responses to therapeutic mAbs and with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The FCGR2C-ORF/STOP polymorphism, controlling Fc?RIIC expression on natural killer cells and therefore Fc?RIIC-mediated antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, is also associated with ITP. Using a new pyrosequencing assay to determine this polymorphism in a control population, we observed the expected allele frequencies (ORF:12.6%) and percentages of individuals with a single copy (10.0%) or 3 copies (12.1%) of FCGR2C, or with at least one FCGR2C-ORF allele (20.1%). No association of FCGR2C copy number variations with the FCGR3A-V158F or FCGR2A-H131R genotype was detected. More importantly, our results demonstrate a strong and a weaker linkage disequilibrium associating the FCGR2C-ORF allele with the FCGR3A-158V and the FCGR2A-131H allele, respectively.
Project description:Importance:Preclinical models and studies in the metastatic and neoadjuvant settings suggest that single nucleotide polymorphisms in FCGR3A and FCGR2A may be associated with differential response to trastuzumab in the treatment of ERBB2/HER2-positive breast cancer, by modulating antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxic effects. Objective:To evaluate the effect of FCGR2A and FCGR3A polymorphisms on trastuzumab efficacy in the adjuvant treatment of ERBB2/HER2-positive breast cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants:This is a retrospective analysis of patients enrolled in the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) B-31 trial, a phase 3 cooperative group study conducted between 2000 and 2005. The NSABP B-31 trial randomized 2119 women with surgically resected node-positive, ERBB2/HER2-positive breast cancer to treatment with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel or the same regimen with the addition of 1 year of weekly trastuzumab. Patients were accrued at cooperative group sites across the United States and Canada. This analysis was performed between 2013 and 2016. Interventions:Doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel or the same regimen with the addition of 1 year of weekly trastuzumab. Main Outcomes and Measures:Disease-free survival. Results:The genotyped cohort (N?=?1251) resembled the entire B-31 cohort based on clinical variables and the degree of benefit from trastuzumab. Median follow-up time was 8.2 years in the genotyped samples. The disease-free survival probability at 3, 5, and 8 years was 74% (95% CI, 71%-79%), 66% (95% CI, 62%-71%), and 58% (95% CI, 54%-63%) in patients who received ACT and 86% (95% CI, 83%-89%), 82% (95% CI, 79%-85%), and 78% (95% CI, 74%-81%) in patients who received ACTH. Addition of trastuzumab significantly improved patient outcome (hazard ratio [HR], 0.46; 95% CI, 0.37-0.57; P?<?.001). The expected trend for interaction between polymorphisms and trastuzumab was observed for both genes, but only FCGR3A-158 polymorphism reached statistical significance for interaction (P?<?.001). As hypothesized, patients with genotypes FCB3A-158V/V or FCB3A-158V/F received greater benefit from trastuzumab (HR, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.22-0.43; P?<?.001) than patients who were homozygous for the low-affinity allele (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.51-1.01; P?=?.05). Conclusions and Relevance:The FCGR3A-158 polymorphism is predictive of trastuzumab efficacy in this cohort of patients with early ERBB2/HER2-positive breast cancer. Patients who are homozygous for phenylalanine at this position represent a considerable proportion of the population and, in contrast to previously reported analyses from similarly designed trials, our results indicate that trastuzumab may be less efficacious in these patients. Trial Registration:clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004067.
Project description:Treatment options for relapsed/refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are limited, with no standard of care; prognosis is poor, with 4- to 6-month median survival. Avadomide (CC-122) is a cereblon-modulating agent with immunomodulatory and direct antitumor activities. This phase 1 dose-expansion study assessed safety and clinical activity of avadomide monotherapy in patients with de novo R/R DLBCL and transformed lymphoma. Additionally, a novel gene expression classifier, which identifies tumors with a high immune cell infiltration, was shown to enrich for response to avadomide in R/R DLBCL. Ninety-seven patients with R/R DLBCL, including 12 patients with transformed lymphoma, received 3 to 5 mg avadomide administered on continuous or intermittent schedules until unacceptable toxicity, disease progression, or withdrawal. Eighty-two patients (85%) experienced ?1 grade 3/4 treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs), most commonly neutropenia (51%), infections (24%), anemia (12%), and febrile neutropenia (10%). Discontinuations because of AEs occurred in 10% of patients. Introduction of an intermittent 5/7-day schedule improved tolerability and reduced frequency and severity of neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, and infections. Among 84 patients with de novo R/R DLBCL, overall response rate (ORR) was 29%, including 11% complete response (CR). Responses were cell-of-origin independent. Classifier-positive DLBCL patients (de novo) had an ORR of 44%, median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 6 months, and 16% CR vs an ORR of 19%, mPFS of 1.5 months, and 5% CR in classifier-negative patients (P = .0096). Avadomide is being evaluated in combination with other antilymphoma agents. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01421524.