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Rapid mapping of interactions between Human SNX-BAR proteins measured in vitro by AlphaScreen and single-molecule spectroscopy.


ABSTRACT: Protein dimerization and oligomerization is commonly used by nature to increase the structural and functional complexity of proteins. Regulated protein assembly is essential to transfer information in signaling, transcriptional, and membrane trafficking events. Here we show that a combination of cell-free protein expression, a proximity based interaction assay (AlphaScreen), and single-molecule fluorescence allow rapid mapping of homo- and hetero-oligomerization of proteins. We have applied this approach to the family of BAR domain-containing sorting nexin (SNX-BAR) proteins, which are essential regulators of membrane trafficking and remodeling in all eukaryotes. Dimerization of BAR domains is essential for creating a concave structure capable of sensing and inducing membrane curvature. We have systematically mapped 144 pairwise interactions between the human SNX-BAR proteins and generated an interaction matrix of preferred dimerization partners for each family member. We find that while nine SNX-BAR proteins are able to form homo-dimers, several including the retromer-associated SNX1, SNX2, and SNX5 require heteromeric interactions for dimerization. SNX2, SNX4, SNX6, and SNX8 show a promiscuous ability to bind other SNX-BAR proteins and we also observe a novel interaction with the SNX3 protein which lacks the BAR domain structure.

SUBMITTER: Sierecki E 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4159646 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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