Development of the Incontinence Utility Index: estimating population-based utilities associated with urinary problems from the Incontinence Quality of Life Questionnaire and Neurogenic Module.
ABSTRACT: Generic utility instruments may not fully capture the impact and consequences of urinary problems. Condition-specific preference-based measures, developed from previously validated disease-specific patient-reported outcomes instruments, may add relevant information for economic evaluations. The aim of this study was to develop a condition-specific preference-based measure, the Incontinence Utility Index (IUI), for valuing health states associated with urinary problems.A two-step process was implemented. First, an abbreviated health state classification system was developed from the Incontinence Quality of Life Questionnaire (I-QOL) and Neurogenic Module by applying Rasch modelling, classical psychometrical testing and expert criteria to data from two pivotal trials comprised of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) patients. Criterion, convergent validity and concordance with the original instrument was assessed in the abbreviated version. Then, a multi-attribute utility function (MAUF) was estimated from a representative sample of the UK non-institutionalized adult general population. Visual analogue and time-trade off (TTO) evaluations were applied in the elicitation process. Predictive validity of the MAUF was tested comparing estimated and direct utility scores.The abbreviated health state classification system generated from the NDO sample contained 5 attributes with 3 levels of response and had adequate psychometrical properties: significant differences in scores according to the reduction in the frequency of urinary incontinence episodes [UIE] (p?
Project description:Overactive bladder is a prevalent and burdensome condition. Generic utility measures may fail to reflect its full impact on patients' health status. The Incontinence Utility Index (IUI) is a community-based preference index derived from the Incontinence Quality of Life Questionnaire (I-QOL) developed to value health states related to urinary symptoms in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. This study assessed the measurement properties of the IUI in patients with idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB).Data were used from two clinical trials which recruited patients with OAB whose symptoms were inadequately managed with ? 1 anticholinergic medication. Psychometric evaluation included: Differential Item Functioning (DIF) analysis, concordance between I-QOL and IUI (Intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC], criterion and convergent validity according to relevant patient reported outcomes and clinical variables (Spearman's correlation coefficient, rho), responsiveness, and agreement between utility measures (ICC and Bland-Altman method).A total of 1,105 idiopathic OAB patients were included. Mean age (range) was 60.4 years (18-90), 87.8% (n = 970) were female. DIF was identified in 3 items, none of which are contained in the IUI. ICC (CI95%) was 0.944 (0.936-0.950). Statistically significant differences (p < 0.001) were found in IUI scores for patients improving according to the Treatment Benefit Scale (TBS). Moderate to strong correlations (rho >?|0.6|) were found in the expected direction with daily incontinence, urgency episodes and disease-specific domains of King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ). Low to moderate correlations (rho:<|0.6|) were found with Short Form version 2 (SF-12v2) summary components. A large effect size was found for patients reporting improvement (0.98-1.21) or great improvement (1.87-2.56) in the TBS, as well as in patients responding to treatment (1.19-2.40). Across utility measures, directional trends were consistent with OAB symptom profile, however, a lack of agreement in absolute values was observed.The IUI presents good psychometric properties for valuing the impact of UI-related problems in idiopathic OAB patients.ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00910845 and NCT00910520.
Project description:PURPOSE:OnabotulinumtoxinA has demonstrated efficacy and safety in the treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) associated with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) and idiopathic overactive bladder (OAB); however, real-world evidence is limited. This postmarketing surveillance study aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of onabotulinumtoxinA in Korean patients with UI associated with NDO or OAB with an inadequate response or intolerance to anticholinergics. METHODS:Patients received 200 U (NDO) or 100 U (OAB) of onabotulinumtoxinA. Effectiveness (assessed using the validated International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form [ICIQ-SF]) and safety were assessed for 1-4 months after onabotulinumtoxinA administration. RESULTS:Overall, 686 patients (NDO, 161; OAB, 525) comprised the safety population; of these, 612 patients were analyzed for effectiveness. There was a significant decrease (P<0.0001) in the mean (standard deviation) ICIQ-SF scores in the NDO (-6.8±5.5) and OAB (-6.0±6.4) groups after onabotulinumtoxinA administration. A decrease of >5 points from baseline in the ICIQ-SF score was observed in 64.9% and 47.3% of patients in the NDO and OAB groups, respectively. Following treatment, 59.9% in the NDO group and 43.0% in the OAB group were dry. There was no effect of age on effectiveness in either group. Only 10 adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were reported in 5.6% of NDO patients and 20 ADRs in 3.2% of OAB patients. Most ADRs in both groups were related to the lower urinary tract such as dysuria (NDO, 1.2%; OAB, 0.6%) and urinary retention (NDO, 0.6%; OAB, 1.5%). CONCLUSION:Effectiveness and safety of onabotulinumtoxinA in Korea in a real-world setting was demonstrated.
Project description:Neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) affects the quality of life (QoL) of millions of individuals worldwide. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of onabotulinumtoxinA in patients with NDO using a network meta-analytic approach, which can also quantify and compare the efficacy of onabotulinumtoxinA across different dosages.PubMed, EMBASE, and the Controlled Trials Register were searched to identify randomized controlled trials comparing onabotulinumtoxinA to a control for NDO in adult patients. The primary outcome was the mean number of urinary incontinence (UI) episodes per week. Urodynamic parameters included the maximum cystometric capacity (MCC) and the maximum detrusor pressure (MDP). The safety of onabotulinumtoxinA was determined by the incidence of various frequent adverse events (AEs). Two authors extracted data independently, and the statistical analyses were performed using RevMan 5.1.0 software.A total of 1,915 patients from six randomized controlled trials were included in this meta-analysis. The onabotulinumtoxinA-treated groups had a significantly decreased mean number of urinary incontinence episodes per week (at week 6) (onabotulinumtoxinA200U: MD: -10.72, 95% CI: -13.4 to -8.04, P<0.00001; 300 U: MD: -11.42, 95% CI: -13.91 to -8.93, P<0.00001), MDP (200 U: MD: -33.46, 95% CI: -39.74 to -27.18, P<0.00001; 300 U: MD: -31.72, 95% CI: -37.69 to -25.75, P<0.00001), and greater increased MCC (200 U: MD: 141.30, 95% CI: 121.28 to 161.32, P<0.00001; 300 U: MD: 151.39, 95% CI: 130.43 to 172.34, P<0.00001) compared to the placebo-treated groups. However, there were no significant differences between the onabotulinumtoxinA-treated groups for the number of weekly UI episodes at 6 weeks (MD: 0.08, 95% CI: -2.57 to 2.73, P = 0.95). Similarly, we also observed that there were no significant differences in MCC (MD: -9.97, 95% CI: -33.15 to 13.20, P = 0.40) and MDP (MD: -1.86, 95% CI: -8.09 to 4.37, P = 0.56). Considering the AEs, the onabotulinumtoxinA-treated groups were often associated with more complications, including urinary tract infections (UTIs) (RR: 1.47, 95% CI: 1.29 to 1.67, P<0.00001), urinary retention (RR: 5.58, 95% CI: 3.53 to 8.83, P<0.00001), hematuria (RR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.01 to 2.85, P = 0.05), and muscle weakness (RR: 2.59, 95% CI: 1.36 to 4.91, P = 0.004).OnabotulinumtoxinA can significantly reduce the frequency of urge urinary incontinence and improve urodynamic parameters (MCC and MDP) in patients with NDO at 6 weeks after treatment. This meta-analysis indicates that onabotulinumtoxinA is effective and safe for treating patients with NDO compared to placebo. Additionally, we did not observe any statistical or clinical differences in efficacy between 300 and 200 U dosages.
Project description:<h4>Aims</h4>This study evaluated whether one (or more) of three doses of onabotulinumtoxinA were safe and effective to treat neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) in children.<h4>Methods</h4>This was a 48-week prospective, multicenter, randomized, double-blind study in children (aged 5-17?years) with NDO and urinary incontinence (UI) receiving one onabotulinumtoxinA treatment (50, 100, or 200?U; not to exceed 6?U/kg). Primary endpoint: change from baseline in daytime UI episodes. Secondary endpoints: change from baseline in urine volume at first morning catheterization, urodynamic measures, and positive response on the treatment benefit scale. Safety was also assessed.<h4>Results</h4>There was a similar reduction in urinary incontinence from baseline to Week 6 for all doses (-1.3 episodes/day). Most patients reported positive responses on the treatment benefit scale (75.0%-80.5%). From baseline to Week 6, increases were observed in urine volume at first morning clean intermittent catheterization (50?U, 21.9?ml; 100?U, 34.9?ml; 200?U, 87.5?ml; p?=?0.0055, 200?U vs. 50?U) and in maximum cystometric capacity (range 48.6-63.6?ml) and decreases in maximum detrusor pressure during the storage phase (50?U, -12.9; 100?U, -20.1; 200?U, -27.3?cmH<sub>2</sub> O; p?=?0.0157, 200?U vs. 50?U). The proportion of patients experiencing involuntary detrusor contractions dropped from baseline (50?U, 94.4%; 100?U, 88.1%; 200?U, 92.6%) to Week 6 (50?U, 61.8%; 100?U, 44.7%; 200?U, 46.4%). Safety was similar across doses; urinary tract infection was most frequent.<h4>Conclusions</h4>OnabotulinumtoxinA was well tolerated and effective for the treatment of NDO in children; 200?U showed greater efficacy in reducing bladder pressure and increasing bladder capacity.
Project description:<h4>Objective</h4>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of onabotulinumtoxinA 100 U in noncatheterizing patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) with urinary incontinence (UI) due to neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO).<h4>Methods</h4>In this randomized, double-blind phase III study, patients received onabotulinumtoxinA 100 U (n = 66) or placebo (n = 78) as intradetrusor injections via cystoscopy. Assessments included changes from baseline in urinary symptoms, urodynamics, and Incontinence-Quality of Life (I-QOL) total score. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed, including initiation of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) due to urinary retention.<h4>Results</h4>OnabotulinumtoxinA vs placebo significantly reduced UI at week 6 (-3.3 episodes/day vs -1.1 episodes/day, <i>p</i> < 0.001; primary endpoint). Significantly greater proportions of onabotulinumtoxinA-treated patients achieved 100% UI reduction (53.0% vs 10.3%, <i>p</i> < 0.001). Significant improvements in urodynamics (<i>p</i> < 0.01) were observed with onabotulinumtoxinA. Improvements in I-QOL score were significantly greater with onabotulinumtoxinA (40.4 vs 9.9, <i>p</i> < 0.001) and ≈3 times the minimally important difference (+11 points). The most common AE was urinary tract infection (25.8%). CIC rates were 15.2% for onabotulinumtoxinA and 2.6% for placebo.<h4>Conclusion</h4>In noncatheterizing patients with MS, onabotulinumtoxinA 100 U significantly improved UI and quality of life with lower CIC rates than previously reported with onabotulinumtoxinA 200 U.<h4>Clinicaltrialsgov identifier</h4>NCT01600716.<h4>Classification of evidence</h4>This study provides Class I evidence that compared with placebo, 100 U onabotulinumtoxinA intradetrusor injections significantly reduce UI and improve quality of life in noncatheterizing patients with MS and NDO.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>The majority of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients develop some form of lower urinary tract dysfunction, usually as a result of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). Patients identify urinary incontinence as one of the worst aspects of this disease. Despite the high prevalence of NDO, urological evaluation and treatment are significantly under-accessed in this population. The objectives of this study were: 1) to adapt the previously validated Actionable Bladder Symptom Screening Tool (ABSST) to a short form for ease and brevity of application in a clinical setting that is clinically meaningful; and 2) to develop a scoring algorithm that would be interpretable in terms of referring/considering precise diagnosis and treatment.<h4>Methods</h4>A US-based, non-randomized, multi-center, stand-alone observational study was conducted to assess the psychometric properties of the ABSST among patients who have MS with and without NDO. Mixed psychometric methods (e.g., classical statistics (Psychometric theory (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill; 1994) and item response methods (Applying the Rasch Model: Fundamental Measurement in the Human Sciences. New Jersey: Lawrence Earlbaum Associates; 2001)) were used to evaluate the predictive and clinical validity of the shortened form. The latter included clinicians flagging clinically meaningful items and associated response options which would indicate the need for further evaluation or treatment.<h4>Results</h4>A total of 151 patients, all with MS and with and without NDO, were recruited by 28 clinicians in various US geographical locations. Approximately 41% of patients reported a history of or currently having urinary incontinence and/or urinary urgency. The prediction model across the entire range of classification thresholds was evaluated, plotting the true positive identification rate against the false positive rate (1-Specificity) for various cut scores. In this study, the cut-point or total score of greater than or equal to 6 had a sensitivity of approximately 85%, and specificity of approximately 93% (i.e., 85% patients would warrant being referred to a urologist and 93% of the patients whose symptoms would not warrant urologist referral).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Overall the short form ABSST demonstrated sensitivity and specificity as it maintained the integrity of the longer form tool. Concurrent validity for each subscale as well as predictive and concurrent validity of the total shortened instrument was demonstrated. This instrument provides a new method for assessing bladder problems among MS patients, and may facilitate earlier and more precise diagnosis, treatment, and/or referral to a specialist.
Project description:Background: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common and refractory complication for patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) or idiopathic overactive bladder (IOAB). Objectives: To evaluate the effect of Botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) based on different dosages strategy for UI. Method: The MEDLINE, Ovid EMbase, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI), and WanFang database were searched for relevant published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) between 1969 to September 31, 2018. All database were searched to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the clinical benefit of BTX-A for management of UI in patients with NDO and IOAB. Results: This meta-analysis involved 19 original studies. The BTX-A was superior to placebo in reducing episodes of UI for NDO patients in all subgroups of different dosages for different durations, and also reduced maximum detrusor pressure in all kinds of 200U and 300U at 6 weeks. However, it increased post void residual in different dosages of 200U at 2 weeks. For IOAB patients, compared to placebo, BTX-A increased detrusor compliance for different dosages of 200U and 300U at 12 and 36 weeks, but it increased risk of urinary tract infections at other dosages. Conclusions: This meta-analysis indicated that BTX-A 200U and 300U are more effective than placebo in the treatment of NDO, with minimal, local, and manageable adverse events. Furthermore, BTX-A 300U and 200U could also improve detrusor compliance of IOAB. However, more RCTs would still be necessary to explore the effect of BTX-A on management of UI in NDO and IOAB patients.
Project description:INTRODUCTION:Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD), including neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia, is one of the most frequent and devastating sequelae of spinal cord injury (SCI), as it can lead to urinary incontinence and secondary damage such as renal failure. Transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS) is a promising, non-invasive neuromodulatory intervention that may prevent the emergence of the C-fibre evoked bladder reflexes that are thought to cause NDO. This paper presents the protocol for TTNS in acute SCI (TASCI), which will evaluate the efficacy of TTNS in preventing NDO. Furthermore, TASCI will provide insight into the mechanisms underlying TTNS, and the course of NLUTD development after SCI. METHODS AND ANALYSIS:TASCI is a nationwide, randomised, sham-controlled, double-blind clinical trial, conducted at all four SCI centres in Switzerland. The longitudinal design includes a baseline assessment period 5-39 days after acute SCI and follow-up assessments occurring 3, 6 and 12 months after SCI. A planned 114 participants will be randomised into verum or sham TTNS groups (1:1 ratio), stratified on study centre and lower extremity motor score. TTNS is performed for 30?min/day, 5?days/week, for 6-9 weeks starting within 40 days after SCI. The primary outcome is the occurrence of NDO jeopardising the upper urinary tract at 1?year after SCI, assessed by urodynamic investigation. Secondary outcome measures assess bladder and bowel function and symptoms, sexual function, neurological structure and function, functional independence, quality of life, as well as changes in biomarkers in the urine, blood, stool and bladder tissue. Safety of TTNS is the tertiary outcome. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION:TASCI is approved by the Swiss Ethics Committee for Northwest/Central Switzerland, the Swiss Ethics Committee Vaud and the Swiss Ethics Committee Zürich (#2019-00074). Findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER:NCT03965299.
Project description:To evaluate the effects of onabotulinumtoxinA on patient-reported outcomes including health-related quality of life (HRQOL), treatment satisfaction, and treatment goal attainment in patients with urinary incontinence (UI) due to neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO).In this multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, phase III, 52-week study (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00311376), patients with UI due to NDO who were not adequately managed with anticholinergic therapy were treated with intradetrusor injections of onabotulinumtoxinA (200 or 300 U) or placebo (0.9% saline). HRQOL measures included the Incontinence Quality of Life (I-QOL) Questionnaire total score, and the 3 domain scores (avoidance and limiting behavior, psychosocial, and social embarrassment), the modified Overactive Bladder Patient Satisfaction with Treatment Questionnaire (OAB-PSTQ), and Patient Global Assessment. Assessments were made at baseline, posttreatment week 6 (primary time point), week 12, and at 12-week intervals.Patients (mean age of 46 years with 30.5 weekly UI episodes at baseline) were randomized to receive placebo (n = 149) or onabotulinumtoxinA (200 U [n = 135] or 300 U [n = 132]). At week 6, improvements from baseline in I-QOL Questionnaire total score were greater (p < 0.001) in both onabotulinumtoxinA-treated groups vs placebo. Responses to the OAB-PSTQ also demonstrated greater mean improvements from baseline (p < 0.001) in both onabotulinumtoxinA-treated groups vs placebo at week 6. Patients who received onabotulinumtoxinA also reported greater improvement in the Patient Global Assessment than those in the placebo group (p ? 0.001 vs placebo).Patients with UI due to NDO reported greater improvement in HRQOL and treatment satisfaction with onabotulinumtoxinA than with placebo consistently across several patient-reported outcome instruments.This study provides Class I evidence that onabotulinumtoxinA intradetrusor injections (200 or 300 U) can improve quality of life measures in patients with NDO not adequately managed with anticholinergic therapy.
Project description:To assess the effectiveness and safety of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) at different dosages for overactive bladder (OAB).The MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register databases were searched through November 3, 2016 to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs).Eleven studies were identified in this meta-analysis. Compared with placebo, the urinary incontinence (UI) episodes per week as the primary outcomes, urodynamic parameters including maximum cystometric capacity (MCC), and maximum detrusor pressure (MDP) for neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) at 6 weeks, and for idiopathic detrusor overactivity (IDO) at 36 weeks were evaluated. These and other outcomes for effectiveness of BTX-A at different dosages in two observation periods indicate that a dose greater than 50 U is significantly more effective for certain symptoms of OAB compared with placebo. However, there were no significant differences between some dosages. Compared with placebo, the outcomes of total adverse events for NDO and for IDO show that doses of 300 U and 200 U for NDO are associated with more complications.In consideration that the treatments of BTX-A were with minimal, local, and manageable adverse effects, this meta-analysis demonstrates that BTX-A 200 U is recommended for management of NDO for short-term treatment for there was no significant difference from the larger dose of 300U. The short-term efficacies of BTX-A for IDO remain to be investigated.