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Hyperglycemia in rodent models of type 2 diabetes requires insulin-resistant alpha cells.

ABSTRACT: To determine the role of glucagon action in diet-induced and genetic type 2 diabetes (T2D), we studied high-fat-diet-induced obese (DIO) and leptin receptor-defective (LepR(-/-)) rodents with and without glucagon receptors (GcgRs). DIO and LepR(-/-),GcgR(+/+) mice both developed hyperinsulinemia, increased liver sterol response element binding protein 1c, and obesity. DIO GcgR(+/+) mice developed mild T2D, whereas LepR(-/-),GcgR(+/+) mice developed severe T2D. High-fat-fed (HFF) glucagon receptor-null mice did not develop hyperinsulinemia, increased liver sterol response element binding protein 1c mRNA, or obesity. Insulin treatment of HFF GcgR(-/-) to simulate HFF-induced hyperinsulinemia caused obesity and mild T2D. LepR(-/-),GcgR(-/-) did not develop hyperinsulinemia or hyperglycemia. Adenoviral delivery of GcgR to GcgR(-/-),LepR(-/-) mice caused the severe hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia of LepR(-/-) mice to appear. Spontaneous disappearance of the GcgR transgene abolished the hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. In conclusion, T2D hyperglycemia requires unsuppressible hyperglucagonemia from insulin-resistant ? cells and is prevented by glucagon suppression or blockade.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4246985 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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