Association of erythropoietin gene rs576236 polymorphism and risk of adrenal tumors in a Chinese population.
ABSTRACT: Erythropoietin (EPO) is a circulating glycosylated protein hormone and has been implicated in the development and progression of non-hematopoietic tissue tumors. The objective of the present study was to determine if the EPO rs576236 polymorphism was associated with the risk of adrenal tumors. We genotyped the EPO rs576236 polymorphism in a case-control study of 288 adrenal tumor patients and 456 cancer-free controls by using the TaqMan method, and assessed the association between the polymorphism and the adrenal tumor risk by logistic regression. Furthermore, 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to assess the genetic association between the polymorphism and the risk of adrenal tumor. Compared with the TT genotype, the TC genotype had a significantly increased risk of adrenal tumor [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.24, 95% CI = 1.12-2.22]. Furthermore a significantly increased risk of adrenal tumor was found in the combined variant genotypes TC+CC compared with the TT genotype (adjusted OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.12-2.21). Our present study suggests that the rs576236 polymorphism of EPO confers susceptibility to adrenal tumor in the Chinese population.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Data on the association between the interleukin-1 (IL-1) gene polymorphisms and Graves' disease (GD) risk were conflicting. A meta-analysis was undertaken to assess this association. METHODS: We searched for case-control studies investigating the association between the IL1B (-511), IL1B (+3954), IL1RN (VNTR) polymorphisms and GD risk. We extracted data using standardized forms and calculated odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: A total of 11 case-control studies were included in this meta-analysis. Available data indicated that the IL1B (-511) polymorphism was associated with GD risk in the overall populations (Caucasians and Asians) in homozygote model (TT vs. CC, OR?=?0.86, 95% CI: 0.76-0.97, Pz ?=?0.015), but not in dominant and recessive models (TT+TC vs. CC: OR?=?0.95, 95% CI: 0.81-1.12, Pz ?=? 0.553 and TT vs. TC+CC: OR?=?0.82, 95% CI: 0.60-1.12, Pz ?=? 0.205, respectively). No association between the IL1B (+3954), IL1RN (VNTR) polymorphisms and GD risk was found in the overall populations in any of the genetic models. In subgroup analyses according to ethnicity, the IL1B (-511) polymorphism was associated with GD risk in Asians in recessive and homozygote models (TT vs. TC+CC: OR?=? 0.68, 95% CI: 0.55-0.84, Pz < 0.001 and TT vs. CC: OR?=?0.81, 95% CI: 0.70-0.93, Pz ?= ?0.003, respectively), but not in dominant model (TT+TC vs. CC: OR?= ?0.92, 95% CI: 0.77-1.11, Pz ?=? 0.389). No association between the IL1B (+3954), IL1RN (VNTR) polymorphisms and GD risk was indicated in Asians, and we found no association between the IL1B (-511), IL1B (+3954), IL1RN (VNTR) polymorphisms and GD risk in Caucasians in any of the genetic models. CONCLUSION: The IL1B (-511) polymorphism, but not the IL1B (+3954) and IL1RN (VNTR) polymorphisms was associated with GD risk in Asians. There was no association between these polymorphisms and GD risk in Caucasians.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Preeclampsia is a serious pregnancy-specific syndrome with incompletely understood pathogenesis. Previous study has demonstrated that the decreased CXCR2 in preeclamptic placentas may contribute to the development of preeclampsia. The role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CXCR2 gene in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia remains largely unexplored. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association between polymorphisms of CXCR2 gene and preeclampsia in Han Chinese women. METHODS:Totally 481 pregnant women, including 243 controls and 238 patients with preeclampsia were recruited. The rs1126579 and rs2230054 polymorphisms in CXCR2 gene were tested using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. RESULTS:Significantly increased risk of preeclampsia was observed in the rs1126579 CC or TC/CC genotypes when compared with TT genotype (CC vs. TT: odss ratio [OR] = 2.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.18-3.76, p = 0.039; TC/CC vs. TT: OR = 1.89, 95% CI = 1.29-2.78, p = 0.001). Markedly higher risk of preeclampsia was found to be associated with rs1126579 TC genotype (TC vs. TT/CC: OR = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.04-2.12, p = 0.031). After stratification analysis, the different distribution of TC/CC genotypes was particularly significant in the severe preeclampsia group (OR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.42-3.24, p < 0.01), the early-onset severe preeclampsia group (OR = 1.97, 95% CI = 1.14-3.42, p = 0.013), and the late-onset severe preeclampsia group (OR = 2.29, 95% CI = 1.39-3.78, p < 0.01). Besides, TC genotype carriers had a 1.55 fold increased risk of severe preeclampsia (95% CI = 1.06-2.27, p = 0.022) and a 1.80 fold increased risk of late onset severe preeclampsia (95% CI = 1.14-2.83, p = 0.01) than those of TT/CC genotype carriers. CONCLUSIONS:Our study suggests a genetic association between rs1126579 polymorphism in CXCR2 gene and increased risk of preeclampsia. These data provide a new clue for future investigation.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is a commonly occurring extracranial pediatric solid tumor without defined etiology. Polymorphisms in pre-miRNAs have been demonstrated to associate with the risk of several cancers. So far, no such polymorphism has been investigated in neuroblastoma. With this in mind, we performed a two-center case-control study to assess the association of genetic variants in pre-miRNAs and neuroblastoma susceptibility in Chinese children, including 393 cases and 812 controls. We found that miR-34b/c rs4938723 T > C polymorphism was significantly associated with decreased neuroblastoma risk (TC versus TT: adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.51, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.39-0.67; TC/CC versus TT: adjusted OR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.48-0.79). We also observed the significant association between the miR-218 rs11134527 A > G polymorphism and decreased neuroblastoma risk (AG versus AA: adjusted OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.56-0.96). Stratified analysis further demonstrated that the protective effect of the rs4938723 T > C polymorphism remained prominent in the subgroups, regardless of age, gender, and clinical stages. In term of sites of origin, this polymorphism significantly reduced the risk of tumors originating from the adrenal gland. We further validated the significant results using false-positive report probability analyses. Overall, the miR-34b/c rs4938723 T > C and miR-218 rs11134527 A > G polymorphisms displayed a protective role from neuroblastoma. These findings need further validation.
Project description:UNLABELLED:The aim of this study was to investigate the association between 2 polymorphisms (ie, rs10877887 and rs13293512) in the promoter regions of let-7 and the risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).A case-control study of 618 PTC patients and 562 controls was conducted. The rs10877887 polymorphism was genotyped by using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and the rs13293512 polymorphism was genotyped by using a TaqMan Genotyping Assay. The results were confirmed by DNA sequencing.The rs10877887 polymorphism had reduced risks of PTC in heterozygous comparison, dominant model, and overdominant model (TC vs TT: adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.73, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.58-0.94, P = 0.01; TC/CC vs TT: adjusted OR = 0.79, 95% CI = 0.63-1.00, P = 0.047; TC vs TT/CC: adjusted OR = 0.73, 95% CI = 0.57-0.92, P = 0.007, respectively). Stratified analyses showed that PTC patients carrying the rs10877887 CC genotype were more likely to have multiple tumors (adjusted OR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.03-2.86, P = 0.04), and PTC patients carrying the rs13293512 TC + CC or CC were more likely to develop N0 status (TC/CC vs TT: adjusted OR = 0.64, 95% CI = 0.43-0.94, P = 0.02; CC vs TC/TT:adjusted OR = 0.50, 95% CI = 0.33-0.77, P = 0.001, respectively).Our study suggests that the rs10877887 polymorphism may be associated with the risk of PTC and the rs13293512 polymorphism may correlate to lymph node metastasis in PTC.
Project description:BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of endogenous, small and noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression by suppressing translation or degrading mRNAs. Recently, many studies investigated the association between hsa-miR-196a2 rs11614913 polymorphism and cancer risk, which showed inconclusive results. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 15 studies that included 9,341 cancer cases and 10,569 case-free controls. We assessed the strength of the association, using odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Overall, individuals with the TC/CC genotypes were associated with higher cancer risk than those with the TT genotype (OR=1.18, 95% CI=1.03-1.34, P<0.001 for heterogeneity test). In the stratified analyses, we observed that the CC genotype might modulate breast cancer risk (OR=1.11, 95%CI=1.01-1.23, Pheterogeneity=0.210) and lung cancer risk (OR=1.25, 95%CI=1.06-1.46, Pheterogeneity=0.958), comparing with the TC/TT genotype. Moreover, a significantly increased risk was found among Asian populations in a dominant model (TC/CC versus TT, OR=1.24, 95% CI=1.07-1.43, Pheterogeneity=0.006). CONCLUSIONS: These findings supported that hsa-miR-196a2 rs11614913 polymorphism may contribute to the susceptibility of cancers.
Project description:PURPOSE:The association between CD14 -159C/T polymorphism and the susceptibility to gastric cancer (GC) has been reported. However, the results were inconclusive. In the present study, a case-control study and a meta-analysis were performed to assess the possible association between -159C/T in the CD14 gene and GC risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Relevant studies were searched in several databases including PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, and Wanfang database (last search was performed on December 30, 2015). In addition, a case-control study involving 164 GC cases and 169 controls was also performed in the analysis. Statistical analysis was performed by the software Revman5.3. RESULTS:A total of ten published studies and the present case-control study involving 2,844 GC and 3,983 controls were included for the meta-analysis. The analysis result indicated that the T allele of CD14 -159C/T polymorphism did not confer risk for GC (in our study: [P=0.93]; in the meta-analysis: T vs 2N odds ratio =1.28 and 95% confidence interval (CI) =0.95-1.24, [P=0.24]). However, we found a significant association in the recessive model (in our study: TT vs TC+CC [P=0.04]; in the meta-analysis: TT vs TC+CC odds ratio =1.12 and 95% CI =1.01-1.26, [P=0.04]). Furthermore, a subgroup analysis by ethnicity showed that TT genotype was significantly associated with GC in Asian (odds ratio =1.17 and 95% CI =1.02-1.34, [P=0.02]) but not in Caucasian. CONCLUSION:Our results highlight the TT genotype of CD14 -159C/T as a genetic susceptibility factor for gastric cancer, particularly, in Asians and population-based controls.
Project description:Although a number of studies have been conducted on the association between HTR2A T102C polymorphism and major depressive disorder (MDD) in Chinese, this association remains elusive and controversial. To clarify the effects of HTR2A T102C polymorphism on the risk of MDD, a meta-analysis was performed in the Chinese population. Related studies were identified from PubMed, Springer Link, Ovid, Chinese Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Chinese Biology Medicine (CBM) till 5 May 2015. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to estimate the strength of the associations. Statistical analyses were conducted with Version 10.0 STATA statistical software. A total of 12 case-control studies including 1444 MDD cases and 1445 controls were involved in this meta-analysis. Overall, no significant association with MDD risk was provided in the Chinese population (C vs. T: OR=0.97, 95% CI: 0.81-1.17, 95%; CC vs. TT: OR=0.95, 95% CI: 0.65-1.37; CC+TC vs. TT: OR=0.96, 95% CI: 0.75-1.12; CC vs. TT+TC: OR=0.94, 95% CI: 0.78-1.12). In subgroup analyses stratified by geographic area and source of controls, no significant association was found in any of the subgroups. In conclusion, this meta-analysis indicate that the HTR2A T102C polymorphism is not associated with susceptibility to MDD in Chinese population.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous, short and non-coding RNAs that may play important roles in the pathogenesis of tumor. The associations between microRNA-499 rs3746444 polymorphism and cancer risk in different systems remain inconclusive. This article is aimed to obtain more exact estimation of these relationships through a meta-analysis based on 52,456 individuals. We retrieved relevant and eligible studies from Pubmed and Embase database up to January 10, 2018. ORs and 95% CIs were used to estimate the associations between miR-499 polymorphism and cancer susceptibility in different systems. All analyses were performed using the Stata 11.0 software. A total of 65 case-control studies were retrieved using explicit inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study included 23,762 cases and 28,694 controls. Overall cancer analysis showed the association between miR-499 polymorphism and susceptibility to cancer was significant. MicroRNA-499 rs3746444 was found to be significantly associated with increased risk of cancer of the respiratory system (CC vs. TT: OR = 1.575, 95% CI = 1.268-1.955, CC vs. TC+TT: OR = 1.527, 95% CI = 1.232-1.892), digestive system (CC vs. TT: OR = 1.153, 95% CI = 1.027-1.295; TC vs. TT: OR = 1.109, 95% CI = 1.046-1.176; CC+TC vs. TT: OR = 1.112, 95% CI = 1.018-1.216; CC vs. TC+TT: OR = 1.137, 95% CI = 1.016-1.272; C vs. T: OR = 1.112, 95% CI = 1.025-1.206), urinary system (TC vs. TT: OR = 1.307, 95% CI = 1.130-1.512; CC+TC vs. TT: OR = 1.259, 95% CI = 1.097-1.446; C vs. T: OR = 1.132, 95% CI = 1.014-1.264), and gynecological system (C vs. T: OR = 1.169, 95% CI = 1.002-1.364). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, the result showed that significant association with an increased cancer risk was found in Asian. Subgroup analysis based on type of tumor was also performed, miR-499 rs3746444 is associated with susceptibility of cervical squamous cell carcinoma, lung cancer, prostate cancer, and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal cancer, such as gastric, colon and rectal cancer, is a major medical and economic burden worldwide. However, the exact mechanism of gastrointestinal cancer development still remains unclear. RAS genes have been elucidated as major participants in the development and progression of a series of human tumours and the single nucleotide polymorphism at H-RAS cDNA position 81 was demonstrated to contribute to the risks of bladder, oral and thyroid carcinoma. Therefore, we hypothesized that this polymorphisms in H-RAS could influence susceptibility to gastrointestinal cancer as well, and we conducted this study to test the hypothesis in Chinese population. METHODS: A population based case-control study, including 296 cases with gastrointestinal cancer and 448 healthy controls selected from a Chinese population was conducted. H-RAS T81C polymorphism was genotyped by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay. RESULTS: In the healthy controls, the TT, TC and CC genotypes frequencies of H-RAS T81C polymorphism, were 79.24%, 19.87% and 0.89%, respectively, and the C allele frequency was 10.83%. Compared with TT genotype, the TC genotype was significantly associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer (adjusted OR = 3.67, 95%CI = 2.21-6.08), while the CC genotype showed an increased risk as well (adjusted OR = 3.29, 95%CI = 0.54-19.86), but it was not statistically significant. In contrast, the frequency of TC genotype was not significantly increased in colon cancer and rectal cancer patients. Further analysis was performed by combining TC and CC genotypes compared against TT genotype. As a result, a statistically significant risk with adjusted OR of 3.65 (95%CI, 2.22-6.00) was found in gastric cancer, while no significant association of H-RAS T81C polymorphism with colon cancer and rectal cancer was observed. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate, for the first time, that there is an H-RAS T81C polymorphism existing in Chinese population, and this SNP might be a low penetrance gene predisposition factor for gastric cancer.
Project description:The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between polymorphisms in Claudin-1 (CLDN1) and the risk of colorectal cancer in a Chinese population. In this study, a case-control study was conducted in which polymorphisms in CLDN1 were analyzed in 50 patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and 50 healthy individuals as controls. No rs16865344 and rs17429833 polymorphism were found among all analyzed samples. For the rs17501976 polymorphism, the TC genotype (OR = 0. 41, 95% CI = 0.18-0.91, and P = 0.045) was closely associated with the risk of colorectal cancer compared with the more common TT genotype. And the TC + CC genotypes (OR = 0.41, 95% CI = 0.18-0.91, and P = 0.045) were also significantly associated with the risk of CRC compared with the TT genotype. However, a C > T change of the rs17501976 polymorphism did not show a difference in transcription factor binding to the promoter region of CLDN1. For rs12696600 polymorphism, no significant difference was found in colorectal cancer risk between cases and controls in corresponding genotypes. Collectively, our data suggest that rs17501976 polymorphism significantly associated with a decreased susceptibility to CRC in a Chinese population.