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Genetic deletion of Rnd3/RhoE results in mouse heart calcium leakage through upregulation of protein kinase A signaling.

ABSTRACT: Rnd3, a small Rho GTPase, is involved in the regulation of cell actin cytoskeleton dynamics, cell migration, and proliferation. The biological function of Rnd3 in the heart remains unexplored.To define the functional role of the Rnd3 gene in the animal heart and investigate the associated molecular mechanism.By loss-of-function approaches, we discovered that Rnd3 is involved in calcium regulation in cardiomyocytes. Rnd3-null mice died at the embryonic stage with fetal arrhythmias. The deletion of Rnd3 resulted in severe Ca(2+) leakage through destabilized ryanodine receptor type 2 Ca(2+) release channels. We further found that downregulation of Rnd3 attenuated ?2-adrenergic receptor lysosomal targeting and ubiquitination, which in turn resulted in the elevation of ?2-adrenergic receptor protein levels leading to the hyperactivation of protein kinase A (PKA) signaling. The PKA activation destabilized ryanodine receptor type 2 channels. This irregular spontaneous Ca(2+) release can be curtailed by PKA inhibitor treatment. Increases in the PKA activity along with elevated cAMP levels were detected in Rnd3-null embryos, in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, and noncardiac cell lines with Rnd3 knockdown, suggesting a general mechanism for Rnd3-mediated PKA signaling activation. ?2-Adrenergic receptor blocker treatment reduced arrhythmia and improved cardiac function.Rnd3 is a novel factor involved in intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis regulation in the heart. Deficiency of the protein induces ryanodine receptor type 2 dysfunction by a mechanism that attenuates Rnd3-mediated ?2-adrenergic receptor ubiquitination, which leads to the activation of PKA signaling. Increased PKA signaling in turn promotes ryanodine receptor type 2 hyperphosphorylation, which contributes to arrhythmogenesis and heart failure.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4282622 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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