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Affinity maturation of Cry1Aa toxin to the Bombyx mori cadherin-like receptor by directed evolution based on phage display and biopanning selections of domain II loop 2 mutant toxins.

ABSTRACT: Directed evolution of a Cry1Aa toxin using phage display and biopanning was performed to generate an increased binding affinity to the Bombyx mori cadherin-like receptor (BtR175). Three mutant toxins (371 WGLA374 , 371 WPHH374 , 371 WRPQ374 25) with 16-, 16-, and 50-fold higher binding affinities, respectively, for BtR175 were selected from a phage library containing toxins with mutations in domain II loop 2. However, the observed toxicities of the three mutants against B. mori larvae and cultured cells expressing the BtR175 toxin-binding region did not increase, suggesting that increased binding affinity to cadherins does not contribute to the insecticidal activity. Affinity maturation of a Cry toxin to a receptor via directed evolution was relatively simple to achieve, and seems to have potential for generating a toxin with increased insecticidal activity.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC4287183 | BioStudies | 2014-01-01


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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