Fine-mapping of the HNF1B multicancer locus identifies candidate variants that mediate endometrial cancer risk.
ABSTRACT: Common variants in the hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 homeobox B (HNF1B) gene are associated with the risk of Type II diabetes and multiple cancers. Evidence to date indicates that cancer risk may be mediated via genetic or epigenetic effects on HNF1B gene expression. We previously found single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the HNF1B locus to be associated with endometrial cancer, and now report extensive fine-mapping and in silico and laboratory analyses of this locus. Analysis of 1184 genotyped and imputed SNPs in 6608 Caucasian cases and 37 925 controls, and 895 Asian cases and 1968 controls, revealed the best signal of association for SNP rs11263763 (P = 8.4 × 10(-14), odds ratio = 0.86, 95% confidence interval = 0.82-0.89), located within HNF1B intron 1. Haplotype analysis and conditional analyses provide no evidence of further independent endometrial cancer risk variants at this locus. SNP rs11263763 genotype was associated with HNF1B mRNA expression but not with HNF1B methylation in endometrial tumor samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Genetic analyses prioritized rs11263763 and four other SNPs in high-to-moderate linkage disequilibrium as the most likely causal SNPs. Three of these SNPs map to the extended HNF1B promoter based on chromatin marks extending from the minimal promoter region. Reporter assays demonstrated that this extended region reduces activity in combination with the minimal HNF1B promoter, and that the minor alleles of rs11263763 or rs8064454 are associated with decreased HNF1B promoter activity. Our findings provide evidence for a single signal associated with endometrial cancer risk at the HNF1B locus, and that risk is likely mediated via altered HNF1B gene expression.
Project description:Previous genome-wide association studies have identified two independent variants in HNF1B as susceptibility loci for prostate cancer risk. To fine-map common genetic variation in this region, we genotyped 79 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 17q12 region harboring HNF1B in 10 272 prostate cancer cases and 9123 controls of European ancestry from 10 case-control studies as part of the Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility (CGEMS) initiative. Ten SNPs were significantly related to prostate cancer risk at a genome-wide significance level of P < 5 × 10(-8) with the most significant association with rs4430796 (P = 1.62 × 10(-24)). However, risk within this first locus was not entirely explained by rs4430796. Although modestly correlated (r(2)= 0.64), rs7405696 was also associated with risk (P = 9.35 × 10(-23)) even after adjustment for rs4430769 (P = 0.007). As expected, rs11649743 was related to prostate cancer risk (P = 3.54 × 10(-8)); however, the association within this second locus was stronger for rs4794758 (P = 4.95 × 10(-10)), which explained all of the risk observed with rs11649743 when both SNPs were included in the same model (P = 0.32 for rs11649743; P = 0.002 for rs4794758). Sequential conditional analyses indicated that five SNPs (rs4430796, rs7405696, rs4794758, rs1016990 and rs3094509) together comprise the best model for risk in this region. This study demonstrates a complex relationship between variants in the HNF1B region and prostate cancer risk. Further studies are needed to investigate the biological basis of the association of variants in 17q12 with prostate cancer.
Project description:We examined the association between HNF1B variants identified in a recent genome-wide association study and endometrial cancer in two large case-control studies nested in prospective cohorts: the Multiethnic Cohort Study (MEC) and the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) as part of the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study. A total of 1,357 incident cases of invasive endometrial cancer and 7,609 controls were included in the analysis (MEC: 426 cases/3,854 controls; WHI: 931 cases/3,755 controls). The majority of women in the WHI were European American, while the MEC included sizable numbers of African Americans, Japanese and Latinos. We estimated the odds ratios (ORs) per allele and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of each SNP using unconditional logistic regression adjusting for age, body mass index, and four principal components of ancestry informative markers. The combined ORs were estimated using fixed effect models. Rs4430796 and rs7501939 were associated with endometrial cancer risk in MEC and WHI with no heterogeneity observed across racial/ethnic groups (P ? 0.21) or between studies (P ? 0.70). The OR(per allele) was 0.82 (95% CI: 0.75, 0.89; P = 5.63 × 10(-6)) for rs4430796 (G allele) and 0.79 (95% CI: 0.73, 0.87; P = 3.77 × 10(-7)) for rs7501939 (A allele). The associations with the risk of Type I and Type II tumors were similar (P ? 0.19). Adjustment for additional endometrial cancer risk factors such as parity, oral contraceptive use, menopausal hormone use, and smoking status had little effect on the results. In conclusion, HNF1B SNPs are associated with risk of endometrial cancer and that the associated relative risks are similar for Type I and Type II tumors.
Project description:Two independent regions within HNF1B are consistently identified in prostate and ovarian cancer genome-wide association studies (GWAS); their functional roles are unclear. We link prostate cancer (PC) risk SNPs rs11649743 and rs3760511 with elevated HNF1B gene expression and allele-specific epigenetic silencing, and outline a mechanism by which common risk variants could effect functional changes that increase disease risk: functional assays suggest that HNF1B is a pro-differentiation factor that suppresses epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in unmethylated, healthy tissues. This tumor-suppressor activity is lost when HNF1B is silenced by promoter methylation in the progression to PC. Epigenetic inactivation of HNF1B in ovarian cancer also associates with known risk SNPs, with a similar impact on EMT. This represents one of the first comprehensive studies into the pleiotropic role of a GWAS-associated transcription factor across distinct cancer types, and is the first to describe a conserved role for a multi-cancer genetic risk factor.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Epidemiologic studies have shown that men with type II diabetes have a lower risk of prostate cancer than non-diabetic men. Recently, common variants in two genes, HNF1B and JAZF1, were found to be associated with both of these diseases. METHODS:We examined whether the relationship between HNF1B and JAZF1 variants and decreased prostate cancer risk may potentially be mediated through diabetes in two large prospective studies, the Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort and the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial. RESULTS:Three HNF1B SNPS, rs11649743, rs4430796, and rs7501939, were associated with decreased risk of prostate cancer and were also associated, with marginal statistical significance, with increased risk of diabetes. The JAZF1 SNPs rs6968704 and rs10486567 were associated with decreased risk of prostate cancer but were not associated with diabetes. All five SNP-prostate cancer relationships did not substantially differ when the analyses were stratified by diabetic status or when diabetic status was controlled for in the model. Furthermore, the association of diabetes with prostate cancer was not altered when the SNPs were included in the logistic model. CONCLUSIONS:These findings indicate that the HNF1B variants are directly associated with both diabetes and prostate cancer, that diabetes does not mediate these gene variant-prostate cancer relationships, and the relationship between these diseases is not mediated through these gene variants.
Project description:Endometrial cancer is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract in developed countries. To identify genetic variants associated with endometrial cancer risk, we performed a genome-wide association study involving 1,265 individuals with endometrial cancer (cases) from Australia and the UK and 5,190 controls from the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium. We compared genotype frequencies in cases and controls for 519,655 SNPs. Forty seven SNPs that showed evidence of association with endometrial cancer in stage 1 were genotyped in 3,957 additional cases and 6,886 controls. We identified an endometrial cancer susceptibility locus close to HNF1B at 17q12 (rs4430796, P = 7.1 × 10(-10)) that is also associated with risk of prostate cancer and is inversely associated with risk of type 2 diabetes.
Project description:BACKGROUND:To provide a synopsis of the current understanding of the association between variants of HNF1B and cancer susceptibility, we conducted a comprehensive research synopsis and meta-analysis to evaluate associations between HNF1B variants and prostate and endometrial cancers. RESULTS:Eighteen studies totaling 34,937 patients and 55,969 controls were eligible for this meta-analysis. Four variants showed a significant association with the risk of individual cancer. Strong significant associations were found between rs4430796 A and the risk of both prostate cancer (OR =?1.247, p =?2.21?×?10-?77) and endometrial cancer (OR =?1.217, p =?8.98?×?10-?16); the AA, AG genotypes also showed strong significant associations with the risk of prostate cancer (OR1?=?1.517, p =?4.46?×?10-?22; OR2?=?1.180, p =?0.002). There was a strong significant association between rs7501939 G and the risk of prostate cancer (OR =?1.201, p =?9.31?×?10-?31). Strong significant association was found between rs11649743 G (OR =?1.138, p =?1.08?×?10-?12), rs3760511 C (OR =?1.214, p =?1.57?×?10-?19) and the prostate cancer risk;the GG, AG genotypes of rs11649743 also showed strong significant associations with the risk of prostate cancer (OR1?=?1.496, p =?3.32?×?10-?6; OR2?=?1.276, p =?7.82?×?10-?6). All the cumulative epidemiological evidence of associations was graded as strong. CONCLUSIONS:Our study summarizes the evidence and helps to reveal that common variants of HNF1B are associated with risk of prostate and endometrial cancer.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Tuberculosis remains a global public health problem. Genetic polymorphisms may affect the susceptibility, clinical characteristics, and adverse drug reactions of patients with TB. The present study aimed to examine the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms of lncRNA-HNF1B-3:1 with the clinical manifestation of TB in a Western Chinese population. METHOD:A total of 526 tuberculosis patients and 561 healthy subjects were recruited in Western China. The correlation between lnc-HNF1B-3:1 polymorphism and tuberculosis susceptibility was investigated. Moreover, the influence on adverse drug reactions following treatment was explored. A total of 7 SNPs within the lnc-HNF1B-3:1 locus was genotyped by the improved multiplex ligation detection reaction method. RESULTS:No significant associations were noted between TB susceptibility and the presence of all 7 SNPs of the lnc-HNF1B-3:1 as determined by single-locus analysis (All P > .05). The AA genotype of rs12939622 (in the dominant model) and the AA genotype of rs4262994 (in the recessive model) caused increased susceptibility of the subjects to fever (P < .001 and P = .008, respectively). The Rs2542670 G allele was associated with increased risk of thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and chronic kidney damage following drug administration (P = .007, .029, .003, respectively). CONCLUSION:The present study reported for the first time that the rs12939622, rs4262994 and rs2542670 genotypes in lnc-HNF1B-3:1 locus may influence the clinical manifestations of tuberculosis.
Project description:Background. Prostate cancer (PCa) racial disparity is multifactorial, involving biological, sociocultural, and lifestyle determinants. We investigated the association between selected potentially functional polymorphisms (SNPs) and prostate cancer (PCa) risk in Black (AAM) and White (EAM) men. We further explored if these associations varied by the body mass index (BMI) and height. Methods. Age-matched DNA samples from 259 AAM and 269 EAM were genotyped for 10 candidate SNPs in 7 genes using the TaqMan allelic differentiation analysis. The dominant, recessive, and additive age-adjusted unconditional logistic regression models were fitted. Results. Three SNPs showed statistically significant associations with PCa risk: in AAM, HNF1B rs7501939 (OR = 2.42, P = 0.0046) and rs4430796 (OR = 0.57, P = 0.0383); in EAM, CTBP2 rs4962416 (OR = 1.52, P = 0.0384). In addition, high BMI in AAM (OR = 1.06, P = 0.022) and height in EAM (OR = 0.92, P = 0.0434) showed significant associations. Interestingly, HNF1B rs7501939 was associated with PCa exclusively in obese AAM (OR = 2.14, P = 0.0103). Conclusion. Our results suggest that variation in the HNF1B may influence PCa risk in obese AAM.
Project description:Candidate gene studies have reported CYP19A1 variants to be associated with endometrial cancer and with estradiol (E2) concentrations. We analyzed 2937 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 6608 endometrial cancer cases and 37?925 controls and report the first genome wide-significant association between endometrial cancer and a CYP19A1 SNP (rs727479 in intron 2, P=4.8×10(-11)). SNP rs727479 was also among those most strongly associated with circulating E2 concentrations in 2767 post-menopausal controls (P=7.4×10(-8)). The observed endometrial cancer odds ratio per rs727479 A-allele (1.15, CI=1.11-1.21) is compatible with that predicted by the observed effect on E2 concentrations (1.09, CI=1.03-1.21), consistent with the hypothesis that endometrial cancer risk is driven by E2. From 28 candidate-causal SNPs, 12 co-located with three putative gene-regulatory elements and their risk alleles associated with higher CYP19A1 expression in bioinformatical analyses. For both phenotypes, the associations with rs727479 were stronger among women with a higher BMI (Pinteraction=0.034 and 0.066 respectively), suggesting a biologically plausible gene-environment interaction.
Project description:High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) is the most common subtype of ovarian cancer, with a poor prognosis; however, most studies concerning ovarian carcinoma have focused mainly on clear cell carcinoma. The involvement of hepatocyte nuclear factor 1? (HNF1B) in the carcinogenesis of HGSC has not yet been fully elucidated. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to analyse the expression of the possible downstream target of HNF1B, enoyl-CoA (?) isomerase 2 (ECI2), in HGSC. The present study performed a comprehensive analysis of HNF1B mRNA and protein expression, and epigenetic and genetic changes, as well as an analysis of ECI2 mRNA and protein expression in 122 cases of HGSC. HNF1B protein expression was detected in 28/122 cases, and was positively associated with lymphovascular invasion (P=0.025). Protein expression of ECI2 was detected in 115/122 cases, but no associations with clinicopathological variables were revealed. Therefore, ECI2 does not seem to function as a suitable prognostic marker for HGSC. In the sample set, a positive correlation between HNF1B and ECI2 protein expression was detected (P=0.005). HNF1B mRNA was also positively correlated with HNF1B protein expression (P=0.001). <i>HNF1B</i> promoter methylation was detected in 26/67 (38.8%) of cases. A novel pathogenic somatic <i>HNF1B</i> mutation was detected in 1/61 (1.6%) of the analysed HGSC cases. No other correlations between the examined SNPs (rs4430796, rs757210 and rs7405776), HNF1B promoter methylation, HNF1B/ECI2 expression or clinicopathological characteristics were found.