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Translating new developments in eosinophilic esophagitis pathogenesis into clinical practice.


ABSTRACT: OPINION STATEMENT:New developments in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) pathogenesis are shaping our current therapeutic and management strategies. EoE is a chronic allergic inflammatory disease with progression to fibrostenotic disease. The disease warrants early diagnosis and long-term maintenance therapy. The diagnosis of EoE should be based on the concept of an allergy-mediated disease with esophageal dysfunction and esophageal eosinophilia. Recent findings suggest that proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-responsive esophageal eosinophilia (PPI-REE) is likely a continuum of EoE or a similar T-helper 2 (Th2)-mediated allergic process. PPIs have therapeutic properties that can benefit both gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and EoE. Therefore, PPIs should be considered not a diagnostic tool but, rather, a therapeutic option for EoE. If patients are PPI nonresponsive, then dietary therapy or steroid therapy should be considered. Dilation can be reserved as adjuvant therapy for severe fibrostenotic lesions.

SUBMITTER: Cheng E 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4329259 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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