A functional variant at miR-520a binding site in PIK3CA alters susceptibility to colorectal cancer in a Chinese Han population.
ABSTRACT: An increasing body of evidence has indicated that polymorphisms in the miRNA binding site of target gene can alter the ability of miRNAs to bind their target genes and modulate the risk of cancer. We aimed to investigate the association between a miR-520a binding site polymorphism rs141178472 in the PIK3CA 3'-UTR and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in a Chinese Han population. The polymorphism rs141178472 was analyzed in a case-control study, including 386 CRC patients and 394 age- and sex-matched controls; the relationship between the polymorphism and the risk of colorectal cancer was examined. Individuals carrying the rs141178472 CC genotype or C allele had an increased risk of developing CRC (CC versus TT, OR (95% CI): 1.716 (1.084-2.716), P = 0.022; C versus T, OR (95% CI): 1.258 (1.021-1.551), P = 0.033). Furthermore, the expression of PIK3CA was detected in the peripheral blood mononucleated cell of CRC patients, suggesting that mRNA levels of PIK3CA might be associated with SNP rs141178472. These findings provide evidence that a miR-520a binding site polymorphism rs141178472 in the PIK3CA 3'-UTR may play a role in the etiology of CRC.
Project description:The genetic or abnormal activation of PI3K/PTEN signaling pathway play an important role with regard to disease progression in variety of human malignancies. Experimental and epidemiologic studies indicated that the genetic polymorphisms in the PTEN, PI3K genes are associated with cancer risk, yet little evidence exists for those 2 genes and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. To address this, we evaluated whether PTEN rs701848, PIK3CA rs2699887 variants are associated with CRC susceptibility, clinicopathological parameters and clinical outcomes in CRC patients treated with FOLFOX (Oxaliplatin, Leucovorin, 5-Fluorouracil) regimen. A case-control study was performed in 780 CRC patients and 764 healthy controls using the TaqMan assay method. A significant increased risk of CRC was observed in patients carrying PTEN rs701848 TC or CC genotype (adjusted OR=1.306, 95% CI=1.030-1.655, P=0.027; adjusted OR=1.543, 95% CI=1.148-2.075, P=0.004, respectively), TC/CC genotype (adjusted OR=1.367, 95% CI=1.090-1.714, P=0.043) in the dominant model, and C allele (adjusted OR=1.229, 95% CI=1.067-1.416, P=0.004). However, no association was detected between rs2699887 in the PIK3CA gene and CRC risk. A significant association was found between pathological grade (Dukes A and B vs. Dukes C and D) and PIK3CA rs2699887 genotypes. Furthermore, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that PTEN rs701848 genotypes were significantly associated with the overall survival (OS) of CRC patients treated with FOLFOX regimen (n=780). Individuals carrying PTEN rs701848 TC or TC/CC genotypes showed significantly longer median survival time (MST) than TT genotype and significant hazard ratio (TC: adjusted HR=0.523, 95% CI=0.325-0.840, P=0.007;adjusted HR=0.545, 95% CI=0.351-0.845, P=0.007). Therefore, rs701848 polymorphism in the PTEN gene is associated with susceptibility to CRC, and C allele of rs701848 showed significant independent better prognosis of CRC patients treated with FOLFOX regimen. These results indicate that rs701848 in the PTEN gene might be a candidate pharmacogenomic factor to assess the susceptibility and prognosis in CRC patients.
Project description:The functional single nucleotide polymorphisms in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) gene were predicted to be correlated with the susceptibility of colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between PPARG rs1801282 C>G polymorphism and the risk of CRC. First, we conducted a case-control study with 387 CRC cases and 1,536 controls. We used the SNPscan method to determine the genotypes of PPARG rs1801282 C>G polymorphism. We found PPARG rs1801282 C>G polymorphism had a tendency of decreased risk to CRC risk (CG vs. CC: adjusted OR, 0.67, 95% CI = 0.43-1.04 for CG vs. CC, P = 0.073; GG vs. CC: adjusted OR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.44-1.05; P = 0.078). The stratified analysis revealed PPARG rs1801282 C>G polymorphism also had a tendency of decreased risk to colon cancer (CG vs. CC: adjusted OR = 0.54, 95% CI = 0.27-1.08, P = 0.083). The results of subsequent meta-analysis suggested that PPARG rs1801282 C>G polymorphism might be a protective factor for CRC, especially in Asians, colon cancer and rectum cancer subgroups. In conclusion, our study indicates that PPARG rs1801282 C>G polymorphism might decrease the risk of overall CRC. Larger sample size and well-designed case-control studies are needed to confirm the potential association.
Project description:Colorectal cancer (CRC), as a malignant tumor of lower digestive tract, has been found to have an increasing morbidity and mortality in China. It was particularly important to find some earlier biomarkers to predict the risk and prognosis. In this study, several polymorphisms on 3'UTR of three DNA repair genes including MLH3 rs10862, ERCC1 rs3212986, ERCC1 rs735482, ERCC1 rs2336219, and OGG1 rs1052133 were chosen by bioinformatics exploration, and then, a case-control study of 200 CRC cases and controls was performed. Furthermore, a dual-luciferase assay was also carried out to certify whether the candidate miRNA can regulate its target gene and the selected SNPs have a valid effect on the target miRNA. Finally, both of ERCC1 rs3212986 and MLH3 rs108621 were shown to be associated with the risk of CRC. Comparing with rs3212986 CC genotype, AA was at a higher risk (OR = 3.079, 95% CI: 1.192-7.952). For MLH3 rs108621, comparing with TT genotype, CC and TC were at a higher risk of CRC in male (OR = 5.171, 95% CI: 1.009-26.494; OR = 1.904, 95% CI: 1.049-3.455). Interestingly, an analysis combining both ERCC1 rs3212986 and MLH3 rs108621 also showed an increased risk of CRC. In addition, a dual-luciferase assay showed that miR-193a-3p could regulate MLH3, and the polymorphism rs108621 could alter the miR-193a-3p binding to MLH3. Therefore, MLH3 rs108621 may be associated with the risk of CRC due to the effect of miR-193a-3p on MLH3, which reminded the possibility as potential susceptibility biomarkers to predict the risk of CRC.
Project description:AIM:This study investigated the role of CD86 +237 G/C polymorphism in intensifying the risk of CRC development. BACKGROUND:Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a multi-factorial diseases. Genetic background could affect the susceptibility of individuals to CRC development. CD86 is a co-stimulatory factor on antigen-presenting cells that plays key roles in several cancer related mechanisms such as autoimmunity, transplantation and tumor immunity. PATIENTS AND METHODS:A total of 300 individuals, 150 known CRC patients and 150 healthy control individuals, were subjected for the study. CD86 rs17281995 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was genotyped using Allelic Discrimination method. RESULTS:A statistically significant difference was found among CD86 gene polymorphism (rs17281995) and risk of CRC development. The frequency of GG, GC and CC in control subjects was determined as 38%, 57.3% and 4.7% respectively and in CRC subjects were determined as 42%, 85% and 23% respectively. The data shows a significant association between CC genotype (P = 0.007) and C allele (P = 0.017) of the studied polymorphism and risk of CRC. CC genotype and C allele are also more frequent in female patients when the data is stratified according to gender status. CONCLUSION:Our results suggest that CD86 gene alteration could affect the individual's risk for developing CRC among Iranian population and could be used as an important prognostic factor associated with risk of CRC.
Project description:Dysregulation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and Src signaling pathways commonly occur in colorectal cancer. Mutations in the PIK3CA gene are associated with an increase in severity of disease and worse clinical outcomes. Elevated levels of Src have been identified in premalignant lesions and are suggested to play a central role in tumor progression. Because these pathways appear to enhance tumor growth and metastasis, molecularly targeted agents for both pathways are currently being evaluated in early-phase clinical trials.We used colorectal cancer cell lines and a patient-derived explant model to investigate the efficacy of saracatinib. Mutations in the PIK3CA were evaluated to examine the association between mutations in the PIK3CA gene and sensitivity to saracatinib.We have identified a subset of patients with a PIK3CA (exon 9 and 20) mutation with increased sensitivity to saracatinib. A novel 3' untranslated region (UTR) mutation was also shown to be associated with increased sensitivity to saracatinib and have a reduced affinity for miR-520a and miR-525a. Importantly, we show that Src inhibition reduces the interaction between Src and p85, subsequently decreasing Akt-dependent signaling.These results indicate that a personalized approach in targeting Src in PIK3CA-mutant patients with colorectal cancers may prove effective in a subset of patients with this genetic alteration.
Project description:Several previous studies evaluated the association between the Arg72Pro (rs1042522) polymorphism in the TP53 tumor suppressor gene and colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the results are conflicting. This meta-analysis aimed to shed new light on the precise association between TP53 variants and CRC. We analyzed 32 published case-control studies involving 8,586 cases and 10,275 controls using crude odd ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The meta-analysis was performed using a fixed-effect or random-effects model, as appropriate. We found that the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism was not significantly associated with CRC risk in the overall population. However, subgroup analysis based on ethnicity revealed an increased risk of CRC among Asians (CC vs. GC+GG: OR=1.22, 95% CI: 1.02-1.45), and similar results were found for rectal cancer (CC vs. GC+GG: OR=1.34, 95% CI: 1.120-1.62). These results suggest that the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism CC genotype may contribute to an increased risk of CRC, especially for rectal cancer and among Asians.
Project description:Purpose: Functional variants in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) and PPARG co-activator 1 (PPARGC1) family (e.g., PPARGC1A and PPARGC1B) genes were predicted to confer susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between PPARG, PPARGC1A, PPARGC1B polymorphism and the risk of CRC. Patients and methods: We conducted a case-control study with 1,003 CRC cases and 1,303 controls. We selected the PPARG rs3856806 C>T, PPARGC1A rs2970847 C>T, rs8192678 C>T, rs3736265 G>A and PPARGC1B rs7732671 G>C and rs17572019 G>A SNPs to assess the relationship between PPARG, PPARGC1A, PPARGC1B their variants and risk of CRC. Results: We found that the PPARG rs3856806 C>T polymorphism increased the risk of CRC (TT vs. CC: adjusted OR, 1.59, 95% CI 1.08-2.35, P = 0.020; TT/CT vs. CC: adjusted OR, 1.26; 95% CI 1.06-1.49; P = 0.009 and TT vs. CC/CT: adjusted OR, 1.54; 95% CI 1.05-2.26; P = 0.028), even after a Bonferroni correction test. The stratified analysis revealed that the PPARG rs3856806 C>T polymorphism also increased the risk of CRC, especially in male, ?61 years old, never smoking, never drinking, BMI ? 24 kg/m2, colon cancer and rectum cancer subgroups. Conclusion: Our findings highlight that the PPARG rs3856806 C>T polymorphism may increase the risk of CRC. In the future larger sample size case-control studies with a detailed functional assessment are needed to further determine the relationship of the PPARG rs3856806 C>T polymorphism with CRC risk.
Project description:Low selenium (Se) status has been associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Se is present as the amino acid selenocysteine in selenoproteins, such as the glutathione peroxidases. Se incorporation requires specific RNA structures in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of the selenoprotein mRNAs. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) occurs at nucleotide 718 (within the 3'UTR) in the glutathione peroxidase 4 gene. In the present study, Caco-2 cells were transfected with constructs in which type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase coding region was linked to the GPx4 3'UTR with either C or T variant at position 718. Higher reporter activity was observed in cells expressing the C variant compared to those expressing the T variant, under either Se-adequate or Se-deficient conditions. In addition, a disease association study was carried out in cohorts of patients with either adenomatous polyps, colorectal adenocarcinomas and in healthy controls. A higher proportion of individuals with CC genotype at the GPx4 T/C 718 SNP was present in the cancer group, but not in the polyp group, compared with the control group (P < 0.05). The present data demonstrate the functionality of the GPx4 T/C 718 SNP and suggest that T genotype is associated with lower risk of CRC.
Project description:Functional variants in inducible T cell costimulator (ICOS) gene are predicted to be associated with the susceptibility of colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we enrolled 2,606 participants (involving 1,003 CRC cases and 1,303 healthy controls) and conducted a case-control study to explore the potential relationship of ICOS rs4404254 T>C and rs10932029 T>C polymorphisms with the risk of CRC. A custom-by-design 48-Plex SNPscan Kit was used to obtain the genotypes of ICOS rs4404254 T>C and rs10932029 T>C variants. We found that ICOS rs10932029 T>C polymorphism was associated with risk of CRC in several subgroups (female subgroup: CC vs. TT: adjusted OR = 6.49, 95% CI 1.36-30.90, P = 0.019 and CC vs. CT/TT: adjusted OR = 6.38, 95% CI 1.34-30.32, P = 0.020; < 61 years subgroup: CC vs. TT: adjusted OR = 4.23, 95% CI 1.10-16.24, P = 0.036 and CC vs. CT/TT: adjusted OR = 4.20, 95% CI 1.10-16.09, P = 0.036; never smoking subgroup: CC vs. TT: adjusted OR = 2.82, 95% CI 1.04-7.64, P = 0.041 and CC vs. CT/TT: adjusted OR = 2.83, 95% CI 1.05-7.66, P = 0.041 and BMI ? 24 subgroup: CC vs. TT: adjusted OR = 6.81, 95% CI 1.39-33.30, P = 0.018 and CC vs. CT/TT: adjusted OR = 6.79, 95% CI 1.39-33.11, P = 0.018). In addition, we found that ICOS rs4404254 T>C polymorphism was associated with the susceptibility of CRC in never smoking subgroup (CC/TC vs. TT: adjusted OR = 1.23, 95% CI 1.01-1.51, P = 0.045). In summary, our findings suggest that ICOS rs10932029 T>C and ICOS rs4404254 T>C polymorphisms may be associated with the risk of CRC. In the future, a fine-mapping study with a functional evaluation is needed to explore the relationship between ICOS polymorphisms and the risk of CRC.
Project description:miR-146a plays important roles in cancer as it directly targets NUMB, an inhibitor of Notch signaling. miR-146a is reportedly regulated by a G>C polymorphism (SNP; rs2910164). This polymorphism affects various cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the clinical significance of miR-146a polymorphism in CRC remains unclear. A total of 59 patients with CRC were divided into 2 groups: a CC/CG genotype (n = 32) and a GG genotype (n = 27), based on the miR-146a polymorphism. cDNA microarray analysis was performed using 59 clinical samples. Significantly enriched gene sets in each genotype were extracted using GSEA. We also investigated the association between miR-146a polymorphism and miR-146a, NUMB expression or migratory response in CRC cell lines. The CC/CG genotype was associated with significantly more synchronous liver metastasis (p = 0.007). A heat map of the two genotypes showed that the expression profiles were clearly stratified. GSEA indicated that Notch signaling and JAK/STAT3 signaling were significantly associated with the CC/CG genotype (p = 0.004 and p = 0.023, respectively). CRC cell lines with the pre-miR-146a/C revealed significantly higher miR-146a expression (p = 0.034) and higher NUMB expression and chemotactic activity. In CRC, miR-146a polymorphism is involved in liver metastasis. Identification of this polymorphism could be useful to identify patients with a high risk of liver metastasis in CRC.