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Clinical significance of ALDH2 rs671 polymorphism in esophageal cancer: evidence from 31 case-control studies.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), a critical enzyme for the detoxification of alcohol, is associated with many types of cancers. To verify the relationship of ALDH2 rs671 G>A polymorphism and esophageal cancer (EC), we performed a meta-analysis of a total of 31 published data including 8,510 patients and 16,197 controls. METHODS: The pooled odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a fixed or random-effects model. Heterogeneity (PH ), publication bias, and sensitivity analysis were also determined. RESULTS: Although a protective effort was found in the rs671 homozygote comparison (AA/GG: OR=0.69; 95% CI=0.48-0.98), the heterozygote comparison was apparently associated with the risk of EC, particularly in the Chinese population ( AG/GG: OR=1.39; 95% CI=1.03-1.87). Alcohol consumption remarkably increased this risk, especially in the AG genotype. Drinking men with the AG genotype appeared to show a higher risk ( AG/GG: OR=4.39; 95% CI=1.24-6.55) than drinking women. CONCLUSION: The present meta-analysis provided advanced information regarding the association of the ALDH2 A>G polymorphism and EC. Taken together, insights from this study suggested an enhanced effect on the development of EC through a genetic-environmental interaction.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4376259 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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