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Profiling of ?-lactam selectivity for penicillin-binding proteins in Escherichia coli strain DC2.


ABSTRACT: Penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) are integral players in bacterial cell division, and their catalytic activities can be monitored with ?-lactam-containing chemical probes. Compounds that target a single PBP could provide important information about the specific role(s) of each enzyme, making identification of such molecules important. We evaluated 22 commercially available ?-lactams for inhibition of the PBPs in live Escherichia coli strain DC2. Whole cells were titrated with ?-lactam antibiotics and subsequently incubated with a fluorescent penicillin derivative, Bocillin-FL (Boc-FL), to label uninhibited PBPs. Protein visualization was accomplished by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) separation and fluorescent scanning. The examined ?-lactams exhibited diverse PBP selectivities, with amdinocillin (mecillinam) showing selectivity for PBP2, aztreonam, piperacillin, cefuroxime, cefotaxime, and ceftriaxone for PBP3, and amoxicillin and cephalexin for PBP4. The remaining ?-lactams did not block any PBPs in the DC2 strain of E. coli or inhibited more than one PBP at all examined concentrations in this Gram-negative organism.

SUBMITTER: Kocaoglu O 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4394777 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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