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PKC? promotes the mesenchymal to amoeboid transition and increases cancer cell invasiveness.

ABSTRACT: The local invasion of tumor cells into the surrounding tissue is the first and most critical step of the metastatic cascade. Cells can invade either collectively, or individually. Individual cancer cell invasion can occur in the mesenchymal or amoeboid mode, which are mutually interchangeable. This plasticity of individual cancer cell invasiveness may represent an escape mechanism for invading cancer cells from anti-metastatic treatment.To identify new signaling proteins involved in the plasticity of cancer cell invasiveness, we performed proteomic analysis of the amoeboid to mesenchymal transition with A375m2 melanoma cells in a 3D Matrigel matrix.In this screen we identified PKC? as an important protein for the maintenance of amoeboid morphology. We found that the activation of PKC? resulted in the mesenchymal-amoeboid transition of mesenchymal K2 and MDA-MB-231 cell lines. Consistently, PKC? inhibition led to the amoeboid-mesenchymal transition of amoeboid A375m2 cells. Next, we showed that PKC? inhibition resulted in a considerable decrease in the invading abilities of all analyzed cancer cell lines.Our results suggest that PKC? is an important protein for maintenance of the amoeboid morphology of cancer cells, and that downregulation of PKC? results in the amoeboid to mesenchymal transition. Our data also suggest that PKC? is important for both mesenchymal and amoeboid invasiveness, making it an attractive target for anti-metastatic therapies.

SUBMITTER: Vaskovicova K 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4423130 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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