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Integrin ?3?1 regulates kidney collecting duct development via TRAF6-dependent K63-linked polyubiquitination of Akt.

ABSTRACT: The collecting system of the kidney develops from the ureteric bud (UB), which undergoes branching morphogenesis, a process regulated by multiple factors, including integrin-extracellular matrix interactions. The laminin (LM)-binding integrin ?3?1 is crucial for this developmental program; however, the LM types and LM/integrin ?3?1-dependent signaling pathways are poorly defined. We show that ?3 chain-containing LMs promote normal UB branching morphogenesis and that LM-332 is a better substrate than LM-511 for stimulating integrin ?3?1-dependent collecting duct cell functions. We demonstrate that integrin ?3?1-mediated cell adhesion to LM-332 modulates Akt activation in the developing collecting system and that Akt activation is PI3K independent but requires decreased PTEN activity and K63-linked polyubiquitination. We identified the ubiquitin-modifying enzyme TRAF6 as an interactor with the integrin ?1 subunit and regulator of integrin ?3?1-dependent Akt activation. Finally, we established that the developmental defects of TRAF6- and integrin ?3-null mouse kidneys are similar. Thus K63-linked polyubiquitination plays a previously unrecognized role in integrin ?3?1-dependent cell signaling required for UB development and may represent a novel mechanism whereby integrins regulate signaling pathways.

SUBMITTER: Yazlovitskaya EM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4436831 | BioStudies | 2015-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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