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Posttranslational negative regulation of glycosylated and non-glycosylated BCRP expression by Derlin-1.


ABSTRACT: Human breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP)/MXR/ABCG2 is a well-recognized ABC half-transporter that is highly expressed at the apical membrane of many normal tissues and cancer cells. BCRP facilitates disposition of endogenous and exogenous harmful xenobiotics to protect cells/tissues from xenobiotic-induced toxicity. Despite the enormous impact of BCRP in the physiological and pathophysiological regulation of the transport of a wide variety of substrates, little is known about the factors that regulate posttranslational expression of BCRP. Here, we identified Derlin-1, a member of a family of proteins that bears homology to yeast Der1p, as a posttranslational regulator of BCRP expression. Overexpression of Derlin-1 suppressed ER to Golgi transport of wild-type (WT) BCRP that is known to be efficiently trafficked to the plasma membrane. On the other hand, protein expression of N596Q variant of BCRP, N-linked glycosylation-deficient mutant that preferentially undergoes ubiquitin-mediated ER-associated degradation (ERAD), was strongly suppressed by the overexpression of Derlin-1, whereas knockdown of Derlin-1 stabilized N596Q protein, suggesting a negative regulatory role of Derlin-1 for N596Q protein expression. Notably, knockdown of Derlin-1 also stabilized the expression of tunicamycin-induced deglycosylated WT BCRP protein, implying the importance of glycosylation state for the recognition of BCRP by Derlin-1. Thus, our data demonstrate that Derlin-1 is a negative regulator for both glycosylated and non-glycosylated BCRP expression and provide a novel posttranslational regulatory mechanism of BCRP by Derlin-1.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4457448 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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