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Polymorphisms in ERCC1 and ERCC2/XPD genes and carcinogen DNA adducts in human lung.


ABSTRACT: In this exploratory study, we aimed to investigate whether polymorphisms in excision repair cross-complementing group 1 (ERCC1) and excision repair cross-complementing group 2/xeroderma pigmentosum group D (ERCC2/XPD) in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathways associated with DNA adducts in human lung tissue. We also analyzed the association stratified by the major histologic subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): adenocarcinoma (ADC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC).The study population consisted of 107 early stage NSCLC patients from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in Boston who underwent curative surgical resection. Genotyping was completed for SNPs in ERCC1 [C8092A (rs3212986) and C118T (rs11615)] and ERCC2/XPD [Asp312Asn (rs1799793) and Lys751Gln (rs1052559)] using a PCR-RFLP method and the PCR with fluorescent allele-specific oligonucleotide probes (Taqman). DNA adduct levels were measured as relative adduct levels per 10(10) nucleotides by (32)P-postlabeling in non-tumor lung tissue.After adjusting for potential confounders, lung DNA adduct levels increased by 103.2% [95% confidence interval (CI), -11.5 to 366.6] for ERCC2/XPD rs1799793AA genotype compared with their corresponding wild type homozygous genotypes in overall NSCLC, but the difference did not reach statistical significance. When we stratified by the subtypes of NSCLC, we found that DNA adducts levels in lung increased by 204.9% (95% CI, 0.8 to 822.2, P=0.059) for ERCC2/XPD rs1799793AA genotype in subjects with SQCC and the trend was statistically significant (P for trend=0.0489).Polymorphisms in ERCC2/XPD Asp312Asn may be associated with increased DNA adduct levels in the lung, especially among subjects with SQCC. Further large scale studies are needed to confirm our findings.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC4457615 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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